Pre-Industrialism in the Islamic Heartland

Events

Equal Strength of Europe and Ottomans

1750

Selim III becomes Sultan of Ottoman Empire

1789

Napoleon invades Egypt

1798

Muhammad Ali takes control of Egypt

1805

Janissaries Revolt Against "Christian" Weapons

1807

Mahmud II becomes Sultan of Ottoman Empire

1808

Serbia becomes Local Autonomy

1816

Greeks Revolt Against Ottoman Empire

1821

Muhammad Ali takes over Sudan

1822

Council of Mahmud II ordered Janissaries to drill in European Manner

1826

Mahmud II vs. Muhammad Ali

1831

Ali's French-trained troops occupied Syria, and Mahmud II begged Austria, Russia, and Britain for help. These countries helped the Ottomans because a big, weak country is better than strong, little countries.

The Tanzimat

1839

Laws made by Ottoman statesmen that called for equality of all religions before the law, the rights of business, security, and prosperity, administration, and military

Ismail, Muhammad Ali's Grandson, Rule of Egypt

1863

Ottoman Empire goes Bankrupt

1875

Britain Starts to Occupy Egypt

1882

Collapse of the Ottoman Empire

1908

Suez Canal is built and British Leave Egypt

1956