European History

Main Events

Renaissance

1400 - 1600

Reformation

1415 - 1689

Toward a New Worldview

1540 - 1789

Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe

1589 - 1740

Absolutism and Constitutionalism in Western Europe

1589 - 1715

Constitutionalism, Absolutist Claims in England

1603 - 1649

Changing of Peoples Life's

1700 - 1799

Expansion of Europe

1700 - 1799

Partition of Poland and Russian Expansion

1772 - 1795

Revolution in Politics

1775 - 1815

Napoleonic era

1799 - 1850

Napoleonic era - Rulers

Sicily: Ferdinand III

1759 - 1816

Sicily: Ferdinand III

1759 - 1816

Great Britain-Kingdom of Great Britain: King George III

1760 - 1801

Great Britain-Kingdom of Great Britain: King George III

1760 - 1801

Saxony: Frederick Augustus I

1763 - 1827

Saxony: Frederick Augustus I

1763 - 1827

Denmark-Norway: Christian VII

1766 - 1808

Denmark-Norway: Christian VII

1766 - 1808

Frederick VI (Regent

1772 - 1808

Frederick VI (Regent

1772 - 1808

Portugal: Mary I

1777 - 1816

Portugal: Mary I

1777 - 1816

Spain: Charles IV

1788 - 1808

Spain: Charles IV

1788 - 1808

Ottoman Empire: Selim III

1789 - 1807

Ottoman Empire: Selim III

1789 - 1807

Holy Roman Empire: Francis II

1792 - 1806

Archduchy of Austria: Francis II

1792 - 1853

Holy Roman Empire: Francis II

1792 - 1806

Sweden: Gustav IV Adolf

1792 - 1809

Archduchy of Austria: Francis II

1792 - 1853

Sweden: Gustav IV Adolf

1792 - 1809

Great Britain-Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger

1793 - 1801

Great Britain-Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger

1793 - 1801

Sardinia: Charles Emmanuel IV

1796 - 1802

Russian Empire: Paul I

1796 - 1801

Sardinia: Charles Emmanuel IV

1796 - 1802

Russian Empire: Paul I

1796 - 1801

United States: President John Adams

1797 - 1801

Prussia: Frederick William III

1797 - 1840

United States: President John Adams

1797 - 1801

Prussia: Frederick William III

1797 - 1840

Portugal: John VI Regent

1799 - 1816

Naples: Ferdinand IV

1799 - 1816

French Republic: First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte

1799 - 1804

Naples: Ferdinand IV

1799 - 1816

French Republic: First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte

1799 - 1804

Portugal: John VI Regent

1799 - 1816

Papal States: Pius VII

1800 - 1823

Papal States: Pius VII

1800 - 1823

United States: President Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Russian Empire: Alexander I

1801 - 1825

United Kingdom of Great Britain: Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger

1801 - 1806

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: King George III

1801 - 1820

United States: President Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Russian Empire: Alexander I

1801 - 1825

United Kingdom of Great Britain: Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger

1801 - 1806

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: King George III

1801 - 1820

Etruria: Louis

1801 - 1803

Etruria: Louis

1801 - 1803

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister-Henry Addington

1801 - 1804

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister-Henry Addington

1801 - 1804

Sardinia: Victor Emmanuel I

1802 - 1821

Sardinia: Victor Emmanuel I

1802 - 1821

Etruria: Charles Louis

1803 - 1807

Etruria: Charles Louis

1803 - 1807

French Empire: Napoleon I

1804 - 1815

Austrian Empire: Francis I

1804 - 1835

French Empire: Napoleon I

1804 - 1815

Austrian Empire: Francis I

1804 - 1835

Italy: Napoleon I

1805 - 1814

Italy: Napoleon I

1805 - 1814

Egypt: Muhammad Ali

1805 - 1848

Egypt: Muhammad Ali

1805 - 1848

Naples: Joseph Bonaparte

1806 - 1808

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister The Lord Grenville

1806 - 1807

Naples: Joseph Bonaparte

1806 - 1808

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister The Lord Grenville

1806 - 1807

Confederation of the Rhine: Protector Napoleon I

1806 - 1813

Holland: Louis I

1806 - 1810

Confederation of the Rhine: Protector Napoleon I

1806 - 1813

Holland: Louis I

1806 - 1810

Ottoman Empire: Mustafa IV

1807 - 1808

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister The Duke of Portland

1807 - 1809

Duchy of Warsaw: Frederick Augustus I

1807 - 1813

Ottoman Empire: Mustafa IV

1807 - 1808

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister The Duke of Portland

1807 - 1809

Duchy of Warsaw: Frederick Augustus I

1807 - 1813

Spain: Joseph I

1808 - 1813

Ottoman Empire: Mahmud II

1808 - 1839

Naples: Joachim Murat

1808 - 1815

Frederick VI King of Norway

1808 - 1814

Spain: Joseph I

1808 - 1813

Ottoman Empire: Mahmud II

1808 - 1839

Naples: Joachim Murat

1808 - 1815

Frederick VI King of Norway

1808 - 1814

Frederick VI King of Denmark

1808 - 1839

Frederick VI King of Denmark

1808 - 1839

United States: President James Madison

1809 - 1817

Sweden: Charles XIII

1809 - 1818

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister Spencer Perceval

1809 - 1812

United States: President James Madison

1809 - 1817

Sweden: Charles XIII

1809 - 1818

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prime Minister Spencer Perceval

1809 - 1812

Holland: Louis II

1810

Holland: Louis II

1810

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prince Regent George

1811 - 1820

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Prince Regent George

1811 - 1820

United Kingdom of Great Britain: Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool

1812 - 1827

United Kingdom of Great Britain: Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool

1812 - 1827

Spain: Ferdinand VII

1813 - 1833

Spain: Ferdinand VII

1813 - 1833

Kingdom of France: Louis XVIII

1814 - 1824

Kingdom of France: Louis XVIII

1814 - 1824

Netherlands: William I

1815 - 1840

Netherlands: William I

1815 - 1840

Portugal: John VI King

1816 - 1826

Portugal: John VI King

1816 - 1826

Napoleonic Era - Wars

French Revolutionary Wars

1792 - 1802

Egyptian Campaign

1798 - 1801

War of the Second Coalition

1799 - 1802

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815

War of the Third Coalition

1805

Russo-Turkish War

1806 - 1812

War of the Fifth Coalition

1806

War of the Fourth Coalition

1806 - 1807

Anglo-Russian War

1807 - 1812

Anglo-Turkish War

1807 - 1809

Gunboat War

1807 - 1814

Finnish War

1808 - 1809

Peninsular War

1808 - 1814

War of the Sixth Coalition

1812 - 1814

French invasion of Russia

1812

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Swedish-Norwegian War

1814

Hundred Days

1815

Napoleonic Era - Major Battles

Battle of Marengo

1800

Battle of Copenhagen

1801

Battle of Abukir

1801

Battle of Austerlitz

1805

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

Battle of Jena-Auerstedt

1806

Battle of Friedland

1807

Battle of Eylau

1807

Battle of Vimiero

1808

Battle of Somosierra

1808

Italy

Donatello Finishes David

1440

Leonardo Da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Charles VIII of France Invades Italy

1494

France Invades Italy

1494

France Invades Italy 2

1499

Michelangelo

1512

France Invades Italy 3

1515

Part of Italy is Ruled by Charles V

1519 - 1556

Spain Sacks Rome

1527

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Nepoleon Declares himself Emperor

1804

Germany

Hapsburg Dynasty begins in Austria

1438

Martian Luther posts 95 Thesises in Worms

1517

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

30 Years War: Hapsburg failure to resore Catholicism in Europe

1618 - 1648

Treaty of Westphalia

1648

Prussia

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Fredrick II "The Great"

1740 - 1786

7 Years War

1756 - 1763

Prussia declares war on France

1806

Battle of Waterloo

1815

Portugal

Treaty of Tordesilla

1493

Vasco de Gama reaches India

1498

Portugal Starts Trade with Inida

1513

Ferdinand Magellan Circumnavigates the World

1519 - 1522

Spain Invades Portugal

1580

Nopeleon Chases Portugal's Royal Family to Brazil

1808

Russia

Ivan III ends Mongol rule

1480

Ivan IV

1533 - 1584

Time of Troubles

1584 - 1615

Michael Romanov selected a tsar

1613

Peter I "The Great"

1682 - 1725

War of Astrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Catherine II "The Great"

1762 - 1796

Pugachev's Rebellion put down

1773 - 1775

Battle of Austerlitz

1805

France invades Russia

1812

Battle of Waterloo

1815

England

France defeats in Hundred Years War

1353 - 1453

War of Roses

1455 - 1485

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

Henry VIII founds Anglican Church

1530

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

England's Navy defeats Spanish Armada

1588

James I

1603 - 1625

Charles I

1625 - 1649

Civil War

1642 - 1646

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

Charels II

1660 - 1685

James II

1685 - 1688

Union of Scotland, England, and Wales: Creates United Kingdom

1707

War Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Sevan Years War

1756 - 1763

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

Batttle of Waterloo

1815

Holy Roma Empire/Austria

Charles V

1519 - 1556

Peasant's War

1524 - 1525

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

Treaty of Westphalia

1648

Marie-Theresa

1740 - 1780

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Joseph II co-reigns with Maria-Teresa

1765 - 1790

Battle of Austerlitz

1805

Holy Roman Empire dissolves

1806

Battle of Waterloo

1815

France

France defeats England in 100 Years War

1353 - 1453

France invades Italian States

1494

France invades Italian States 2

1499

France invades Italian States 3

1515

Francis I

1515 - 1547

St. Bartholomeus Day Massacre

1572

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Nobles revolts against Louis XIV

1648 - 1653

Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes

1658

Louis XV

1715 - 1774

7 Years War

1756 - 1763

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

Estates General Meets

1789

Storming of Bastille

1789

Louis XVI tries to flee France

1791

France becomes Republic

1792

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

The Directory

1794 - 1799

Napoleonic Code

1804

Napoleon Bonaparte

1804 - 1814

Battle of Trafalgar

1805

Spanish Resists French invation

1808

France invades Russia

1812

Battle of Waterloo

1815

Spain

Marriage of King Ferdinand and Isabella

1469

Spain Exciles Jews

1492

Spain funds Christopher Columbus in New World Voyage

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1493

Spain Exiles Muslims

1502

Charles V rules Hapsburg Empire

1519 - 1556

Spain sacks Rome

1527

Francisco Pizarro Conquers Incas

1531 - 1534

Philip II

1556 - 1598

Philip II defeats Ottomans

1571

Spanish Armada gets defeated by English Navy

1588

Spain resists French invasion

1808

Ottoman Empire

Defeats Byzantine Empire

1453

Phillip II defeats Ottoman Turks

1517