World war ll


Eva Braun

February 6, 1912 - April 30, 1945

married to Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler serves in the German army during world war 1


Pic. - Hitler (seated on right) and fellow soldiers during World War I. The dog had the name Fuchsl and was actually Hitler's pet during the war until it was stolen from him.

World War 1

July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidency

1933 - 1945

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States

Nazi Party in power

1933 - 1945

Fascist Italy invades, conquers, and annexes Ethiopia.

October 2, 1935 - May 1936

Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy sign a treaty of cooperation on October 25; on November 1, the Rome-Berlin Axis is announced.

October 25, 1936 - November 1, 1936

Japan invades China, initiating World War II in the Pacific.

July 7, 1937

Pic. - Japanese troops in gas protection in Shanghai, 1937

Japan declares war on China

July 7, 1937

Germany incorporates Austria in the Anschluss

March 11, 1938 - March 13, 1938

Pic. - German troops cross into Austria in 1938

Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France sign the Munich agreement...

September 29, 1938

...which forces the Czechoslovak Republic to cede the Sudetenland, including the key Czechoslovak military defense positions, to Nazi Germany.

The Germans occupy the rump Czech lands in violation of the Munich agreement, forming a Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

March 14, 1939 - March 15, 1939

Pic. - German troops occupy Prague. Czechoslovakia, March 15, 1939.

Under German pressure, the Slovaks declare their independence and form a Slovak Republic.

March 14, 1939 - March 15, 1939

Jozef Tiso was a Roman Catholic priest and a famous Nazi collaborator as president of Slovakia during World War II.

France and Great Britain guarantee the integrity of the borders of the Polish state.

March 31, 1939

Fascist Italy invades and annexes Albania.

April 7, 1939 - April 15, 1939

Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a nonaggression agreement and a secret codicil dividing eastern Europe into spheres of influence.

August 23, 1939

Invasion of Poland

September 1, 1939 - October 6, 1939

Great Britain and France declared war on Germany

World War ll

September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1945

Honoring their guarantee of Poland’s borders, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.

September 3, 1939

The Soviet Union invades Poland from the east.

September 17, 1939

The Polish government flees into exile via Romania. Germany and the Soviet Union divide Poland between them.

September 27, 1939 - September 29, 1939

The Soviet Union invades Finland, initiating the so-called Winter War.

November 30, 1939 - March 12, 1940

The Finns sue for an armistice and have to cede the northern shores of Lake Lagoda and the small Finnish coastline on the Arctic Sea to the Soviet Union.

The Battle of the River Plate

December 13, 1939

The Battle of the River Plate was the first naval battle in the Second World War and the only episode of the war to take place in South America. The German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee had been located in the South Atlantic a long time before the war began, and had been commerce raiding after the war began in September 1939. One of the hunting groups sent by the British Admiralty to search for Graf Spee, comprising three Royal Navy (RN) cruisers, HMS Exeter, Ajax and Achilles (the latter from the New Zealand Division), found and engaged their quarry off the estuary of the River Plate close to the coast of Argentina and Uruguay in South America.

The Nazi Party forms alliances with Japan and Italy


Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrenders on the day of the attack; Norway holds out until June 9.

April 9, 1940 - June 9, 1940

Pic. - Germany invades Norway

Battle of Belgium

May 10, 1940 - May 28, 1940

Pic. - Belgian soldiers under German guard following the fall of Fort Eben-Emael on 11 May 1940

The British and French plan to defend Belgium was to make a stand at a line of forts between the cities of Antwerp and Liege. Unaware that these forts had already been captured by German paratrooper units on the first night of the invasion, the British and French armies found themselves under assault on May 13. At the same time, the second, unexpected German offensive to the south emerged from the Ardennes Forest. Over the next few days, the main Allied armies were trapped between the two German forces, able neither to protect Paris nor to stop the Germans from advancing to the English Channel. Then, when the German troops to the south moved between the French and British forces, the Allies were divided and thus weakened further still. The Allied defense of Belgium was unequivocally a disaster.

The German Wehrmacht invades Luxembourg

May 10, 1940

Germany begins invasions of Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.

May 10, 1940

The Fall of the Netherlands

May 10, 1940 - May 14, 1940

During the first days of the attack, the Germans made slower progress toward Brussels and The Hague than expected, as the Dutch forces fought back formidably. In response, on May 14, the German air force, the Luftwaffe, unleashed a massive bombing attack on central Rotterdam, even while surrender negotiations with the Netherlands were under way. Although efforts were made to call off the attack at the last minute, only some of the German pilots got the message, so part of the attack was carried out. Over 800 civilians were killed, and the Netherlands surrendered that day.

The Evacuation from Dunkirk

May 27, 1940

While the main French army was trapped between the two German armies, the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was being pushed to the coast near the French port of Dunkirk. With the BEF cornered with its back to the sea, and with little hope of reuniting with French forces, the British government decided that the BEF had to be evacuated. The evacuation, called Operation Dynamo, began on May 27, 1940. It took a full week to accomplish, using more than 800 civilian and military sea vessels. In all, more than 300,000 men were brought back across the English Channel to British soil. The feat was heroic—it was done under nearly constant bombardment from the Luftwaffe—but it left France completely on its own.

Italy declares war on Britain

June 10, 1940

Italy enters the war. Italy invades southern France on June 21.

June 10, 1940 - June 25, 1940

The Fall of France

June 12, 1940 - June 22, 1940

With the British out of the way, the Germans began their final push against France. By June 12, German tanks had broken through the main fronts along the Somme River and the fortified Maginot Line, moving ever closer to their goal, Paris. During this time, the British vigorously encouraged France to resist at all costs. The new British prime minister, Winston Churchill, even flew to Paris himself to offer his personal encouragement. At the same time, though, the British government denied French requests for military assistance, wanting to conserve strength for Britain’s own defense in the near future.By this time, the size of the French army had been reduced by roughly half, and French leaders became resigned to an inevitable surrender. On June 22, 1940, France signed an armistice with Germany. Hitler insisted that it be done in the same railway car in which Germany had surrendered to France in 1918, at the end of World War I. On June 23, Hitler flew to Paris for a brief sightseeing tour of the occupied city, during which a widely published photo was taken of Hitler standing against the backdrop of the Eiffel Tower.

The Soviet Union occupies the Baltic States

June 14, 1940 - June 18, 1940

engineering Communist coup d’états in each of them on July 14–15, and then annexing them as Soviet Republics on August 3–6.

The Soviet Union forces Romania to cede the eastern province of Bessarabia and the northern half of Bukovina to the Soviet Ukraine.

June 28, 1940

The air war known as the Battle of Britain ends in defeat for Nazi Germany.

July 10, 1940 - October 31, 1940

Second Vienna Award: Germany and Italy arbitrate a decision on the division of the disputed province of Transylvania between Romania and Hungary.

August 30, 1940

The loss of northern Transylvania forces Romanian King Carol to abdicate in favor of his son, Michael, and brings to power a dictatorship under General Ion Antonescu.

The Italians invade British-controlled Egypt from Italian-controlled Libya.

September 13, 1940

Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.

September 27, 1940

Hungary joins the Axis

November 20, 1940

Romania joins the Axis

November 22, 1940

Slovakia joins the Axis

November 23, 1940

The Germans send the Afrika Korps to North Africa to reinforce the faltering Italians.

February 1941

Bulgaria joins the Axis

March 1, 1941

Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria invade and dismember Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia surrenders on April 17, 1941

April 6, 1941 - April 17, 1941

The leaders of the terrorist Ustasa movement proclaim the so-called Independent State of Croatia. Croatia joins the Axis powers formally.

June 15, 1941

Recognized immediately by Germany and Italy, the new state includes the province of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Nazi Germany and its Axis partners (except Bulgaria) invade the Soviet Union.

June 22, 1941 - November 1941

Finland, seeking redress for the territorial losses in the armistice concluding the Winter War, joins the Axis just before the invasion. The Germans quickly overrun the Baltic States and, joined by the Finns, lay siege to Leningrad (St. Petersburg) by September. In the center, the Germans capture Smolensk in early August and drive on Moscow by October. In the south, German and Romanian troops capture Kiev (Kyiv) in September and capture Rostov on the Don River in November.

The Battle for Moscow

October 2, 1941 - January 7, 1942

The Battle of Moscow is the name given by Soviet historians to two periods of strategically significant fighting on a 600 km sector of the Eastern Front during World War II. It took place between October 1941 and January 1942.

A Soviet counteroffensive drives the Germans from the Moscow suburbs in chaotic retreat.

December 6, 1941

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 American naval vessels, including eight enormous battleships, and almost 200 airplanes. More than 2,000 Americans soldiers and sailors died in the attack, and another 1,000 were wounded. - The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise, but Japan and the United States had been edging toward war for decades.

Japanese troops land in the Philippines, French Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia)

December 8, 1941 - April 1942

By April 1942, the Philippines, Indochina, and Singapore are under Japanese occupation.

The United States declares war on Japan, entering World War II.

December 8, 1941

Nazi Germany and its Axis partners declare war on the United States.

December 11, 1941 - December 13, 1941

The fall of Singapore

8 February 1942 - 15 February 1942

The fall of Singapore to the Japanese Army on February 15th 1942 is considered one of the greatest defeats in the history of the British Army and probably Britain’s worst defeat in World War Two. The fall of Singapore in 1942 clearly illustrated the way Japan was to fight in the Far East

The Battle of Coral Sea

4 May 1942 - 8 May 1942

The Battle of Coral Sea took place in May 1942. If the Japanese had succeeded at Coral Sea, the way would have been open for the Japanese to have captured New Guinea and leave Australia isolated from Allied help and more open to a Japanese attack. The Battle of Coral Sea was fought entirely by planes – no ship on either side made any visual contact with any enemy ship.

The Battle of Gazala

May 26, 1942 - June 21, 1942

The Battle of Gazala was fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, around the port of Tobruk in Libya. - It was a German victory.

The British bomb Köln (Cologne), bringing the war home to Germany for the first time.

May 30, 1942 - May 1945

Over the next three years Anglo-American bombing reduces urban Germany to rubble.

The Battle of Midway -- British and US navies halt the Japanese naval advance in the central Pacific at Midway

June 4, 1942 - June 7, 1942

This fleet engagement between U.S. and Japanese navies in the north-central Pacific Ocean resulted from Japan’s desire to sink the American aircraft carriers that had escaped destruction at Pearl Harbor. Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku, Japanese fleet commander, chose to invade a target relatively close to Pearl Harbor to draw out the American fleet, calculating that when the United States began its counterattack, the Japanese would be prepared to crush them. Instead, an American intelligence breakthrough–the solving of the Japanese fleet codes–enabled Pacific Fleet commander Admiral Chester W. Nimitz to understand the exact Japanese plans. Nimitz placed available U.S. carriers in position to surprise the Japanese moving up for their preparatory air strikes on Midway Island itself.

Germany and her Axis partners launch a new offensive in the Soviet Union

June 28, 1942 - September 1942

German troops fight their way into Stalingrad (Volgograd) on the Volga River by mid-September and penetrate deep into the Caucasus after securing the Crimean Peninsula.

The First Battle of El Alamein

1 July 1942 - 27 July 1942

British troops defeat the Germans and Italians at El Alamein in Egypt. sending the Axis forces in chaotic retreat across Libya to the eastern border of Tunisia.

US troops halt the Japanese island-hopping advance towards Australia at Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.

August 1942 - November 1942

The Battle of Guadalcanal

August 7, 1942 - February 9, 1943

The World War II Battle of Guadalcanal was the first major offensive and a decisive victory for the Allies in the Pacific theater. With Japanese troops stationed in this section of the Solomon Islands, U.S. marines launched a surprise attack in August 1942 and took control of an air base under construction. Reinforcements were funneled to the island as a series of land and sea clashes unfolded, and both sides endured heavy losses to their warship contingents. However, the Japanese suffered a far greater toll of casualties, forcing their withdrawal from Guadalcanal by February 1943.

The Battle of Guadalcanal took place in 1942 when the US Marines landed on August 7th. The landing at Guadalcanal was unopposed - but it took the Americans six months to defeat the Japanese in what was to turn into a classic battle of attrition.

The Makin Island Raid

17 August 1942 - 18 August 1942

Was an attack by the United States Marine Corps Raiders on Japanese military forces on Makin Island (now known as Butaritari Island) in the Pacific Ocean. The aim was to destroy Japanese installations, take prisoners, gain intelligence on the Gilbert Islands area, and divert Japanese attention and reinforcements from the Allied landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi.

The Second Battle of El Alamein

October 23, 1942 - November 5, 1942

The Second Battle of El Alamein took place near the Egyptian coastal city of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it marked a major turning point in the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.The Second Battle of El Alamein took place near the Egyptian coastal city of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it marked a major turning point in the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.

US and British troops land at several points on the beaches of Algeria and Morocco in French North Africa.

November 8, 1942

The failure of the Vichy French troops to defend against the invasion enables the Allies to move swiftly to the western border of Tunisia, and triggers the German occupation of southern France on November 11.

Soviet troops counterattack, break through the Hungarian and Romanian lines northwest and southwest of Stalingrad and trap the German Sixth Army in the city

November 23, 1942 - February 2, 1943

Forbidden by Hitler to retreat or try to break out of the Soviet ring, the survivors of the Sixth Army surrender on January 30 and February 2, 1943.

Axis forces in Tunisia surrender to the Allies, ending the North African campaign.

May 13, 1943

The Battle of Kursk

July 4, 1943 - August 23, 1943

The Battle of Kursk was a World War II engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk in the Soviet Union during July and August 1943

The Germans launch a massive tank offensive near Kursk in the Soviet Union. The Soviets blunt the attack within a week and begin an offensive initiative of their own.

July 5, 1943 - July 12, 1943

US and British troops land on Sicily. By mid-August, the Allies control Sicily.

July 10, 1943

The Fascist Grand Council deposes Benito Mussolini, enabling Italian marshall Pietro Badoglio to form a new government.

July 25, 1943

The Germans immediately seize control of Rome and northern Italy, establishing a puppet Fascist regime under Mussolini, who is freed from imprisonment by German commandos

September 8, 1943 - September 12, 1943

The Badoglio government surrenders unconditionally to the Allies.

September 8, 1943

Allied troops land on the beaches of Salerno near Naples.

September 9, 1943

Soviet troops liberate Kiev

November 6, 1943

Allied troops land successfully near Anzio, just south of Rome.

January 22, 1944

Fearing Hungary’s intention to desert the Axis partnership, the Germans occupy Hungary and compel the regent, Admiral Miklos Horthy, to appoint a pro-German minister president.

March 19, 1944

Allied troops liberate Rome

June 4, 1944

Within six weeks, Anglo-American bombers could hit targets in eastern Germany for the first time.

British and US troops successfully land on the Normandy beaches of France, opening a “Second Front” against the Germans.

June 6, 1944

The Battle of the Philippine Sea

June 19, 1944 - June 20, 1944

The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) was a decisive naval battle of World War II which eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions. It took place during the United States' amphibious invasion of the Mariana Islands during the Pacific War. The battle was the last of five major "carrier-versus-carrier" engagements between American and Japanese naval forces, and involved elements of the United States Navy's Fifth Fleet as well as ships and land-based aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy's Mobile Fleet and nearby island garrisons.

The battle was nicknamed the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot by American aviators for the severely disproportional loss ratio inflicted upon Japanese aircraft by American pilots and anti-aircraft gunners. During a debriefing after the first two air battles a pilot from USS Lexington remarked "Why, hell, it was just like an old-time turkey shoot down home!" The outcome is generally attributed to American improvements in pilot and crew training and tactics, war technology (including the top-secret anti-aircraft proximity fuse), and ship and aircraft design. Although at the time the battle appeared to be a missed opportunity to destroy the Japanese fleet, the Imperial Japanese Navy had lost the bulk of its carrier air strength and would never recover. During the course of the battle, American submarines torpedoed and sank two of the largest Japanese fleet carriers taking part in the battle.

This was the largest carrier-to-carrier battle in history

The Soviets launch a massive offensive in eastern Byelorussia (Belarus), destroying the German Army Group Center and driving westward to the Vistula River across from Warsaw in central Poland

June 22, 1944 - August 1, 1944

Anglo-American forces break out of the Normandy beachhead and race eastward towards Paris.

July 25, 1944

The non-communist underground Home Army rises up against the Germans in an effort to liberate Warsaw before the arrival of Soviet troops

August 1, 1944 - October 5, 1944
Pic. - Battalion Zośka soldiers in Wola during the Warsaw Uprising.

The Soviet advance halts on the east bank of the Vistula. On October 5, the Germans accept the surrender of the remnants of the Home Army forces fighting in Warsaw.

The Battle for Brittany

August 1944 - October 1944

The Battle for Brittany took place between August and October 1944. After breaking out of the Normandy beach head in June 1944, Brittany was targeted because of its naval bases at Lorient, St. Nazaire and Brest. U-boats and surface raiders had used these bases, despite a bombing campaign by the RAF, and the Germans had launched 'Operation Cerberus' from Brest in 1942. So their capture would have ended any concerns that the Allies might have had about their potential further use. They would also prove very useful to the Allies as they needed as many ports as they could to land the vast amount of supplies their men needed.

The Americans were given the task of liberating Brittany. The US 8th Corps, led by General Middleton, moved east to west across the north of Brittany with Brest as their major target. The US 20th Corps, led by General Walker, moved south the Nantes. The plan was for both units to link up at Lorient. Once Brittany had been liberated, the Allies had decided to build a new harbour at Quiberon, south-west of Lorient. They had concluded that the Germans would destroy all the harbours in Brittany before the Americans could liberate them and that Quiberon, sheltered as it was from the Atlantic Ocean, would be a perfect place to construct a new harbour. ...

Allied forces land in southern France near Nice and advance rapidly towards the Rhine River to the northeast.

August 15, 1944

Allied troops reach Paris. On August 25, Free French forces, supported by Allied troops, enter the French capital

August 20, 1944 - August 25, 1944

By September, the Allies reach the German border; by December, virtually all of France, most of Belgium, and part of the southern Netherlands are liberated.

The appearance of Soviet troops on the Prut River induces the Romanian opposition to overthrow the Antonescu regime

August 23, 1944

The new government concludes an armistice and immediately switches sides in the war. The Romanian turnaround compels Bulgaria to surrender on September 8, and the Germans to evacuate Greece, Albania, and southern Yugoslavia in October.

Under the leadership of the Slovak National Council, consisting of both Communists and non-Communists, ...

August 29, 1944 - October 28, 1944

...underground Slovak resistance units rise against the Germans and the indigenous fascist Slovak regime In late October, the Germans capture Banská Bystrica, the headquarters of the uprising, and put an end to organized resistance.

Finland concludes an armistice with the Soviet Union, leaving the Axis partnership.

September 12, 1944

The Hungarian fascist Arrow Cross movement carries out a coup d’état with German support to prevent the Hungarian government from pursuing negotiations for surrender to the Soviets.

October 15, 1944

Battle of Leyte

17 October 1944 - 1 July 1945

The Battle of Leyte in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the amphibious invasion of the Gulf of Leyte in the Philippines by American forces and Filipino guerrillas under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, who fought against the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines led by General Tomoyuki Yamashita from 17 October 1944 – 1 July 1945. The operation code named King Two launched the Philippines campaign of 1944–45 for the recapture and liberation of the entire Philippine Archipelago and to end almost three years of Japanese occupation.

The Philippines campaign

October 20, 1944 - August 1945

The Philippines campaign of 1944–1945, the Battle of the Philippines 1944–1945, or the Liberation of the Philippines was the American and Filipino campaign to defeat and expel the Imperial Japanese forces occupying the Philippines, during World War II. The Japanese Army had overrun all of the Philippines during the first half of 1942. The Liberation of the Philippines commenced with amphibious landings on the eastern Philippine island of Leyte on October 20, 1944, and hostilities in a small part of the Philippines continued through the end of the war in August 1945.

Battle of Leyte Gulf

23 October 1944 - 26 October 1944

It was fought in waters of the Leyte Gulf, near the Philippine islands of Leyte, Samar and Luzon, from 23–26 October 1944, between combined American and Australian forces and the Imperial Japanese Navy. On 20 October, United States troops invaded the island of Leyte as part of a strategy aimed at isolating Japan from the countries it had occupied in Southeast Asia, and in particular depriving its forces and industry of vital oil supplies. The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) mobilized nearly all of its remaining major naval vessels in an attempt to defeat the Allied invasion but was repulsed by the U.S. Navy's 3rd and 7th Fleets. The IJN failed to achieve its objective, suffered very heavy losses, and never sailed to battle in comparable force thereafter. The majority of its surviving heavy ships, deprived of fuel, remained in their bases for the rest of the Pacific War.[6][7]

The Germans launch a final offensive in the west, known as the Battle of the Bulge

December 16, 1944 - 25 January 1945

in an attempt to re-conquer Belgium and split the Allied forces along the German border. By January 1, 1945, the Germans are in retreat.

Harry S. Truman Presidency

1945 - 1953

Harry S. Truman was born in Missouri on May 8, 1884. He was Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s vice president for just 82 days before Roosevelt died and Truman became the 33rd president. In his first months in office he dropped the atomic bomb on Japan, ending World War II. His policy of communist containment started the Cold War, and he initiated U.S. involvement in the Korean War. Truman left office in 1953 and died in 1972.

The Soviets launch a new offensive, liberating Warsaw and Krakow in January

January 12, 1945 - April 13, 1945

capturing Budapest after a two-month siege on February 13, driving the Germans and their Hungarian collaborators out of Hungary in early April, forcing the surrender of Slovakia with the capture of Bratislava on April 4, and capturing Vienna on April 13.

The Battle of Iwo Jima

February 19, 1945 - March 26, 1945

The battle Iwo Jima was a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces landed and eventually captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II.

Partisan units, led by Yugoslav Communist leader Josip Tito, capture Zagreb and topple the Ustasa regime

April 1945

The top Ustasa leaders flee to Italy and Austria.

Battle of Okinawa

April 1, 1945 - June 22, 1945

Last and biggest of the Pacific island battles of World War II, involved the 287,000 troops of the U.S. Tenth Army against 130,000 soldiers of the Japanese Thirty-second Army. At stake were air bases vital to the projected invasion of Japan. By the end of the 82-day campaign, Japan had lost more than 77,000 soldiers and the Allies had suffered more than 65,000 casualties—including 14,000 dead.

The Battle of Berlin

April 16, 1945 - May 2, 1945

Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun are married

29 April 1945

After midnight on the night of 29 April,

Adolf and Eva Hitler commit suicide

April 30, 1945

Germany surrenders to the Soviets

May 9, 1945
Pic. - Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov (centre) signs the Act of Military Surrender of Nazi Germany

The United States drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

August 6, 1945

The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria

August 8, 1945

The United States drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki.

August 9, 1945
Pic. - National ArchivesA photograph of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on Aug. 9, 1945, taken from one of the B-29 Superfortresses used in the attack.

Having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945, Japan formally surrenders, ending World War II

September 2, 1945