Kings of Israel and Judah

Assyria

Neo-Assyrian Period

1000 BC - 609 BC

Adad-nirari II

912 BC - 891 BC

Tukulti-Ninurta II

891 BC - 884 BC

Ashur-nasir-pal II

884 BC - 859 BC

Shalmaneser III

859 BC - 824 BC

Shamshi-Adad V

824 BC - 811 BC

Shammu-ramat

811 BC - 808 BC

Adad-nirari III

811 BC - 783 BC

Shalmaneser IV

783 BC - 773 BC

Ashur-Dan III

773 BC - 755 BC

Ashur-nirari V

755 BC - 745 BC

Tiglath-Pileser III

745 BC - 727 BC

Shalmaneser V

727 BC - 722 BC

Sargon II

722 BC - 705 BC

Sennacherib

705 BC - 681 BC

Esarhaddon

681 BC - 669 BC

Ashurbanipal

669 BC - Approx. 627 BC

Ashur-etil-ilani

Approx. 631 BC - 627 BC

Sin-shar-ishkun

Approx. 627 BC - 612 BC

Sin-shumu-lishir

626 BC

Fall of Nineveh

612 BC

Nineveh, the Assyrian capital, fell to the Medes, Babylonians, and Scythians; supported by the Egyptians, an Assyrian general continued to rule for a few years from Harran.

Ashur-uballit II

612 BC - Approx. 608 BC

Harran defeated by Cyaxares of Media and Nabopolassar of Babylonia

Judah

Rehoboam

932 BC - 915 BC

Death: natural causes

Abijah

915 BC - 913 BC

Death: natural causes

Asa

913 BC - 873 BC

Death: severe foot disease

Jehoshaphat

873 BC - 849 BC

Death: natural causes

Jehoram

849 BC - 842 BC

Death: severe stomach disease

Ahaziah

842 BC

Death: killed by Jehu, who usurped the throne of Israel

Athaliah (Queen)

842 BC - 837 BC

Death: killed by the troops assigned by Jehoiada the Priest to protect Joash. Queen Mother, widow of Jehoram and mother of Ahaziah

Jehoash (Joash)

837 BC - 800 BC

Death: killed by his officials namely: Zabad, son of Shimeath, an Ammonite Woman, and Jehozabad, son of Shimrith, a Moabite Woman.

Amaziah

800 BC - 783 BC

Death: killed in Lachish by the men sent by his officials who conspired against him.

Uzziah

783 BC - 742 BC

Jotham

742 BC - 735 BC

Ahaz

735 BC - 715 BC

The Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III records he received tribute from Ahaz; compare 2 Kings 16:7-9

Hezekiah

715 BC - 687 BC

Manasseh

687 BC - 642 BC

Amon

642 BC - 640 BC

Death: killed by his officials, which were killed later on by the people of Judah.

Josiah

640 BC - 609 BC

Death: shot by archers during the battle against Neco of Egypt. He died upon his arrival on Jerusalem.

Josiah

640 BC - 609 BC

Jehoahaz

609 BC

Death: Neco, king of Egypt, dethroned him and was replaced by his brother, Eliakim. Carried off to Egypt, where he died.

Jehoiakim

609 BC - 598 BC

Death: Natural Causes

Jehoahaz

609 BC

Taken prisoner to Egypt by Pharaoh Neco

Jehoiakim

609 BC - 598 BC

Died in Jerusalem

Jehoiachin (Jeconiah)

598 BC - 597 BC

Death: King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon sent for him and brought him to Babylon, where he lived and died.

Jehoichin

598 BC - 597 BC

Zedekiah

597 BC - 587 BC

His reign saw the second rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar (588-586 BC). Jerusalem was captured after a lengthy siege, the temple burnt, Zedekiah blinded and taken into exile, and Judah reduced to a province.

Zedekiah

597 BC - 586 BC

Taken prisoner to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar

Israel

Jeroboam I

922 BC - 901 BC

Led the rebellion and divided the kingdoms. Death: Natural Causes

Nadab

901 BC - 900 BC

Death: Killed by Baasha, son of Ahijah of the house of Issachar, along with his whole family.

Baasha

900 BC - 877 BC

Death: Natural Causes

Elah

877 BC - 876 BC

Death: Zimri, one of his officials, got him drunk and killed him at his house in Azra.

Zimri

876 BC

Reigned for 7 days. Death: He set his palace on fire when Omri and all the Israelites with him withdrew from Gibbethon and laid siege to Tirzah.

The House of Omri

876 BC - 842 BC

Omri

876 BC - 869 BC

Ahab

869 BC - 850 BC

Death: Shot by an archer during the battle at Ramoth Gilead. He died upon his arrival at Samaria.

Ahaziah

850 BC - 849 BC

Death: He fell through the lattice of his upper room and injured himself. Elijah the prophet told him he would never leave his bed and would die on it.

Joram

849 BC - 842 BC

Death: Killed by Jehu, the next king of Israel,

The House of Jehu

842 BC - 746 BC

Jehu

842 BC - 815 BC

Jehoahaz

815 BC - 801 BC

Jehoash (Joash)

801 BC - 786 BC

Jeroboam II

786 BC - 746 BC

The Book of Jonah or Jonah's journey to Nineveh (when he was swallowed by a whale or fish) happened at that time.

Zachariah

746 BC

Reigned for 6 months. Death: Shallum son of Jabesh killed him in front of the people and succeeded as king.

Menahem

745 BC - 738 BC

Shallum

745 BC

Reigned for 1 month. Death: Menahem son of Gadi attacked Shallum and assassinated him.

Pekahiah

738 BC - 737 BC

Death: Pekah son of Remaliah, one of the chief officers, took 50 men with him and assassinated the king in his palace at Samaria.

Pekah

737 BC - 732 BC

Death: Hoshea son of Elah conspired against him and assassinated him.

Hoshea

732 BC - 722 BC

Death: King Shalmanser attacked and captured Samaria. He charged Hoshea of treason and he put him in prison, then, he deported the Israelites to Assyria.

Prophets

Jonah

Approx. 786 BC - Approx. 746 BC

Prophet to Nineveh, in Assyria

Amos

762 BC - Approx. 746 BC

Prophet to the Northern Kingdom of Israel

Hosea

Approx. 745 BC - Approx. 722 BC

Prophet to the Northern Kingdom of Israel

First Isaiah

Approx. 735 BC - Approx. 700 BC

Micah

Approx. 725 BC - Approx. 685 BC

Nahum

Approx. 663 BC - Approx. 612 BC

Zephaniah

Approx. 640 BC - Approx. 622 BC

Jeremiah

627 BC - 587 BC

Habakkuk

605 BC - 598 BC

Ezekiel

593 BC - 573 BC

Obadiah

Approx. 587 BC - Approx. 554 BC

Second Isaiah

Approx. 550 BC - Approx. 539 BC

First Zechariah

Approx. 522 BC - Approx. 500 BC

Third Isaiah

Approx. 520 BC - Approx. 515 BC

Haggai

520 BC

Malachi

Approx. 515 BC - Approx. 330 BC

Joel

Approx. 375 BC - Approx. 325 BC