Cold War

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Cold War

7/16/1945 - 12/25/1991

Democratic Capitalist West vs Communist East

Canada - Prime Ministers

William Lyon Mackenzie King

7/18/1945 - 11/14/1948

Liberal

Louis St. Laurent

11/14/1948 - 6/15/1957

Liberal

John Diefenbaker

6/21/1957 - 4/22/1963

Conservative

Lester B. Pearson

4/22/1963 - 4/20/1968

Liberal

Pierre Trudeau

4/20/1968 - 6/4/1979

Liberal

Joe Clark

6/4/1979 - 3/3/1980

Conservative

Pierre Trudeau

3/3/1980 - 6/30/1984

Liberal

John Turner

6/30/1984 - 9/17/1984

Liberal

Brian Mulroney

9/17/1984 - 6/25/1993

Conservative

International Involvement (Canada)

International Events Involving Canada

United Nations formed

6/26/1945

Canada is an original member

Igor Gouzenko

9/9/1945

Alerted the West to Soviet spy ring.

Berlin Blockade

06/24/1948 - 05/12/1949

Soviets cut off western Allies from Berlin.
Airlift to keep Berlin supplied with food.

Universal Declaration Human Rights

12/10/1948

Lead Author - John Humphreys (Canadian) - Adopted by United Nations - outlines rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled.

NATO formed

4/4/1949

Canada is an original member

DEW Line

1950

United States begins building DEW Line and Pinetree Line system of radar stations across Canada. US troops stationed in Canada

Korean War

6/25/1950 - 7/27/1953

First Armed Conflict of Cold War - North Korea (Communist - supported by China and USSR) - South Korea (supported by the United Nations) - Canada sends 6150 soldiers

Suez Crisis

7/26/1956 - 11/7/1956

First UN Peacekeeping force (UNEF) - proposed by Canadian Lester B. Pearson

NORAD formed

5/12/1958

Canada/U.S. agreement on integrated air defence.

Avro Arrow Cancelled

3/25/1959

Berlin Wall

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

10/14/1962 - 10/28/1962

Cuba & USSR begin to build bases for Soviet nuclear missiles. Diefenbaker does not believe U.S. - asks for UN fact finding mission - slow to put Canadian forces on alert (blow to Canada/U.S. relations and NORAD)

Video

BOMARC Missiles

12/31/1963

First nuclear-armed BOMARC missiles delpoyed in Canada

Pearson criticized U.S.

6/12/1965

Pearson criticises U.S. policy/Operation Rolling Thunder

CIDA

1968

Canadian International Development Agency Created

Canada recognizes Chinese gov't

10/13/1970

China officially recognizes the communist government of the People's Repulic of China

Summit Series

1972

USSR vs Canada - first competition between Soviet and Canadian born NHL hockey players

Last BOMARC removed

1972

Trudea phased out the BOMARC missiles in canada from 1970-72

SALT 1

1972

The USA and USSR agree to a the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty 1 - to reduce th e number of nuclear weapons.

Trudeau visits China

1973

Trudeau visits Cuba

1/26/1976

Boycott Olympics

1980

Canada Boycotts Moscow Olympics

Other International Cold War Events

Truman Doctrine

3/12/1947

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1952

Soviet Atomic Bomb

8/29/1949

Stalin Dies

3/5/1953

Warsaw Pact formed

5/14/1955

Vietnam War

1959 - 1975

Cuba communist

1959

Afghanistan Invaded

1978

Soviets Invade Afghanistan

Boycott Olympics

1984

Warsaw Pact Boycotts Los Angeles Olympics

U.S. SDI (Star Wars)

1985

Huge increase in U.S. military spending - ramps up arms race spending

Gorbachev Soviet Leader

3/11/1985 - 12/25/1991

Gorbachev opens an new Soviet era of reforms and openness with Peristorika and Glasnost

Fall of Berlin Wall

1990

Cold War Ends

12/25/1991

USSR collapses