Simon Bolivar was the leading revolutionary in Latin America. After he got educated on Enlightenment ideas in Europe, he brought those ideas back to Latin America. During this period, Latin America was largely under Spanish rule. With help from other creoles (Euro-American class), Simon waged war to make Latin America independent. In his mind he wanted to form Gran Columbia, which was a country consisting of modern day Venezuela, Columbia and Ecuador. However by 1830, Bolivar's dream of this was ruined by political turmoil. For these reasons, Bolivar earns 5.2 for establishing nation states in Latin America and 5.3 for holding a revolution as well.