Events in history that lay between 1750 C.E and 1914 C.E
The American Revolution is a huge event in world history. It marked the beginning of revolutions across the world. The purpose of these revolutions were influenced from Enlightenment ideas. The American Revolution was the separation of the 13 colonies and England. This was also the first major event besides the Seven Years war and French Indian war that caused the downfall to the great British Empire. For these reasons it deserves 5.2 for the formation of the United States and 5.3 because it was the first great revolution.
Simon Bolivar was the leading revolutionary in Latin America. After he got educated on Enlightenment ideas in Europe, he brought those ideas back to Latin America. During this period, Latin America was largely under Spanish rule. With help from other creoles (Euro-American class), Simon waged war to make Latin America independent. In his mind he wanted to form Gran Columbia, which was a country consisting of modern day Venezuela, Columbia and Ecuador. However by 1830, Bolivar's dream of this was ruined by political turmoil. For these reasons, Bolivar earns 5.2 for establishing nation states in Latin America and 5.3 for holding a revolution as well.
The Haitian Revolution was the third of the big five world revolutions. Drawing strongly from ideas of the American and its mother country, France's revolutions the Haitian Revolution began in 1791. However, this Revolution was much different because the Haitians were slaves and revolting from their owners. It was the only successful slave revolt in history. For these reasons the Haitian Revolution deserves 5.2 for forming its own independence from France and 5.3 for being a successful revolution and only successful slave revolt in history.
The cotton gin was a device that made separating cotton fibers from the seed much easier. It was developed in 1793 by Eli Whitney. This machine greatly improved the time in which the production of textiles were made, and was a founding device of start of the industrial revolution. For that it receives, 5.1 for contributing to the industrial revolution.
The Wars of independence in Latin America drew their inspiration strongly from the American and French revolutions. Under Simon Bolivar, the battle for independence was unsuccessful at first. The firsty victory lay in 1817, when Jose de San Martin won independence for Chile. Bolivar would then go on to establish Gran Columbia, only to be split up into Columbia, Venezuela and Ecuador. For this the wars receive 5.2 for forming nation states and 5.3 for revolting against the Spanish Crown for independence.
This Women's Rights Convention was the first one in history. During it the Declaration of Sentiments was written, which argued women and men were equal. This convention greatly impacted women rights and led to the formation of feminist groups that pushed for women's rights. Therefore it receives 5.3 for reform because women were looking for rights in law.
The Panama Canal is a canal located in northern Columbia. It was built under President Theodore Roosevelt, however he had to fight for the land. The canal is so important because it allows sea goings to not have to go around the Drake Passage which intern made their journey from the Atlantic to the Pacific much quicker. Therefore the canal receives 5.1 for allowing commercial ships during the Industrial Revolution to get from Pacific to Atlantic much quicker.
The Mexican Revolution was an internal revolution, which began in 1910 after the Diaz and Madero Election of 1910. After losing the election, Diaz sent Madero to jail. In retaliation Villa and Zapata were two revolutionaries who led the charge in Mexico against the Mexican Revolution. In the end, Carranza became the President and a fairer republic, universal suffrage, state based education and reformed land distribution were all set in place. For this, the Mexican Revolution deserves 5.3 for being a revolution and making Mexico a fairer republic.
Henry Ford's introduction of the assembly line changed industrialization forever. The invention made it so instead of working in stations, each other could add their part while the product continued to move down the assembly line. In Ford's case, the assembly line greatly enhanced Ford's revenue, the assembly line allowed for his workers to produce a full car in 93 minutes. Pre assembly line it took 728 minutes. For this Ford's assembly line is given 5.1 for adding a staple to the industrial economy.
James Watt's perfection of the steam engine was huge to the early industrial era. Prior to his contribution, the steam engine consumed a large amount of fuel. Watt's version used steam to power a piston which would turn a wheel, which would bring that power to an engine would could have multiple uses. By 1800, 1000 of Watts engine's were used throughout England. For these reasons Watt's engine deserves 5.1 for adding a great technology in the industrial economy.
The reign of King Louis XVI wasn't a very good time in French history. During his reign the idea of the French Revolution was composed and executed. Louis was an extremely selfish man, which led to the French Revolution because the Third Estate (97% of the population) was fairly unrepresented in government. For these reasons, King Louis XVI deserves 5.3 for being in power during the French Revolution.
The French Revolution was the next big revolution in history. It was brought up by the Third Estate, which was 97% of the population. They revolted against the monarchy because of the high taxes that were dumped on them, the scarcity of flour, unfair representation in government and the wasteful spending of the elite. Through a lot of battle, the revolutionaries proved successful after 10 years of fighting which resulting in the end of the monarchy, rise of democratic republic and an influx of Enlightenment ideas. For this the event receives 5.3 for the revolution and idea of nationalism.
The Napoleonic Wars were wars for French territory under military general Napoleon Bonaparte. In this time the French army went on a rampage, having about 60 different battles and gaining huge territory through it. These battles came right after the French Revolution, which united the French in battle. However in 1815 out of fear of future revolutions the Congress of Vienna limited the power of France and reset a monarchy. For these reasons, it deserves 5.2 for imperialism through military conquest and 5.3 for French nationalism.
After the French Revolution, Napoleon a great military leader had taken over power due to his success on the battlefield. Under his rule, Napoleon proclaimed himself a dictator and made fixes to French society. For example he relieved tensions with the Roman Catholic Church and created the Civil Code, which allowed for a greater sense of nationalism in France. His reign was cut short, after he left 700,000 of his troops for died in Russia. With a missing army, foreign powers raided Paris and took Napoleon out of power. For these reasons the reign of Napoleon receives 5.2 for increasing French territory and 5.3 for carrying on French nationalism.
The Congress of Vienna was a congress held in Vienna with top European leaders following the French Revolution. The goal of the meeting was to "reset" European boundaries after the reign of Napoleon. They wanted to reset it because French Revolution was a direct threat to the monarchies of the time and the reign of Napoleon had brought more land to France. This meeting set a tone to end the liberal thinking that was currently happening in Europe and was on the spread. The Congress of Vienna receives 5.2 for reseting the European powers and 5.3 for reforming the boundaries in Europe and shutting down ideas against the monarchies.
The leaders unification of Italy took place with Cavour, prime mister of King Vittore Emmanuele II of Piedmont and Sardinia and independent forces in the north of Italy. With help from the French, he took out Austrian control in the north Italy in 1859. Then in the south Giuseppe Garibaldi took out forces in Sicily and southern Italy. Then in 1860 Garibaldi met with King Emmanuele and gave him the conquered land, basically united Italy in the north and south. Over the next decade they continued to absorb pieces of land into Italy. For that, it receives 5.2 for the nation formation of Italy and 5.3 for Italian nationalism.
Driven by ideas of ideas of nationalist sentiments, the Greeks were the first people to rebel. In 1821, the Greeks waged war with the Ottoman Turks who had been there since the 15 century. With the help of British, French and Russian troops the Greeks won independence by 1830. This war for independence then kicked off other rebellions in Europe. Therefore this event receives 5.3 for revolution against the Turks and for created their own country, and kick starting other rebellions.
The Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engals, two prominent socialist and theorists. In the Communist Manifesto, the two aligned themselves with communist ideas, for example abolishment of private property, central bank, free education. They also said that throughout history there has been consist struggle between classes. In having everyone equal this problem wouldn't occur anymore. However they believed the only way to achieve this government was through a violent revolution. This events deserves key concepts 5.1 for being directly related to industrialism and capitalism, in that communism would make industry regulated and 5.2 for this idea of governance becoming popular in European socialism.
Origin of the Species was a book written by biologist Charles Darwin. In the book he argued that all living species had evolved over thousands of years. The species that adapted to their environment well were able to survive, flourish and reproduce. This book lay the saying "survival of the fittest" For that this event receives 5.3 for Darwin reforming previous thought on scientific racism.
The emancipation of Russian serfs was huge for Russia. It was the biggest reform to occur under Tsar Alexander II. He emancipated them because he realized Russia's feudal system was highly ineffective. The emancipation did greatness to the Russian economy allowing it to increase each year and also heavily increased the agricultural industry. This event deserves 5.3 for a large reform in Russia's government.
The unification of Germany was initiated by King Wilhelm I of Prussia when he made Otto von Bismarck his Prime Minister. Bismarck famously used the words "by blood and iron" when referring to the unification. This was quite accurate because Bismarck had to fight three battles with Denmark, Austria and France for independence. However in 1871, he proclaimed himself the Emperor of the second Reich. This event receives 5.2 for the forming of German, 5.3 for giving German speaking people a sense of nationalism and 5.4 for German speaking people coming to German to become a true German.
The Berlin West Africa Conference that was held by European countries, the United States and the Ottoman Empire. The reason for the conference was to produce agreements for future claims for the represented members. The reason for outside countries wanting to colonize were for increasing global power, extending "civilization" to the uncivilized, having a new market to sell to and most importantly to gain new raw materials to profit for themselves. For these reasons, this would have key concepts 5.2 for putting an imperial rule over the people of Africa. Also key concepts 5.1 for allowing countries to gain raw materials to increase their industries and capitalism.
The Opium Wars, was a conflict between England and China. The conflict was started by the British in reaction to the Chinese shutting down opium trade. It angered them because the British used opium, a highly addictive drug to but silver, which in turn bought them Chinese goods. However the Chinese government had to outlaw opium because a large portion of Chinese business men were becoming opium addicts. In the end, England's magnificent naval power outlasted the Chinese and won the war allowing for a series unequal treaties. For these reasons, the Opium Wars receives 5.1 for being directly related to global capitalism.
The Taiping Rebellion was the biggest and most monumental rebellion during the revolutionary time in China. It was led by Hong Xiuquan, who wanted to take down the Qing Dynasty and spread ideas of equality, like no private land and free education. Due to the majority of Chinese living in poverty, this rebellion appealed to millions of Chinese. After fighting for 14 years, the power of Cixi's regional armies outmatched the Taiping and in the end the lives of 20-30 million people were lost and Taiping reform never made a place in society.
The Sepoy Rebellion was a Indian rebellion againest British rule. The Sepoys were Indian troops under British authority. In 1857 when new rifles were issued that used fat of pig and cow to lubricate the cartridges and the Sepoys had to bite off the ends to reload their weapons. This angered the Sepoys because making contract with the pig or cow fat was highly offensive and insulting to Hindus and Muslims. This problem escalated and soon an all out war happened between the British and Indians. However, in the end the British won after one year of fighting. For these reasons the Sepoy Rebellion deserves 5.3 for Indian revolution against the British.
The Meiji Restoration was a government reform that took place in Japan. It aloud for the Emperor of Japan to have full control again and set in place the imperial style government. However once back in power Japan went on a rampage to become a global power. They did this by allowing foreign trade, private enterprises, students to travel abroad and used foreign industrial economies as models for example. Then also looked to the Germans for inspiration in unification. For this they receive 5.1 for a growing industrial economy, 5.2 for a fully unified Japan and 5.3 for rigorous government reform.
The Indian National Congress was a huge part of the nation of India's history. After being under the rule of the British for a long time, finally in 1885 they were given approval by the British to form their own congress. This was huge because it allowed the Indians to express their views towards the British and earn rights, that would eventually led to the independence of India. For these reasons, this events receives 5.2 for early steps towards the independent nation of India and 5.3 for giving the people of India reform in government and a sense of nationalism knowing they have representation in government.
The Boxer Rebellion was an anti-foreign movement in China. It was headed by the Qing empress after believing that foreign powers were trying to push for her retirement. Under her consent the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists went on a rampage throughout Northern China killing foreigners, Chinese Christians and supporters of foreigners. However unaware of the military force of the Russian, French, U.S, German and Japanese forces the rebellion was quickly crushed in Beijing. The rebellion for these reasons receives 5.3 for being a counter revolution during the Chinese revolution.
The Russo-Japanese War was a naval battle fought between the Russians and Japanese. The war was quick due to the Russians not having speedy reinforcements and for that the Japanese received colonial authority over Korea and Liaodong peninsula. Also Russia ceded the southern half of Sakhalin to Japan, which was crucial because it had a railroad and economic interests. This battle aloud for Japan to become a major imperial power. For this, it receives 5.2 for Japan becoming a major imperial power and 5.1 for helping Japan's industrial economy.
The All India Muslim League was a group of Muslim individuals who were seeking rights for their Muslim counterparts. They wanted rights because they lived in India where even though there were a lot of Muslims, they still didn't have full representation. With continuing issues in 1947 the Muslims gained their right to their own nation state named Pakistan. For these reasons this political party deserves 5.2 for giving India Muslims their own country in Pakistan and West Pakistan (Bangladesh) and 5.3 for giving reform to Muslims in India.
The fall of the Qing Dynasty was a major event in Chinese history. It marked the end of the dynastic cycle in China. The reasons for the fall of the Qing Dynasty were not being open to foreignors, large amounts of corruption under Cixi, foreign invasion and the Chinese Revolution which was hugely against the dynasty. Therefore it receives 5.3 for being the end of the dynasty through the Chinese Revolution.
The Suez Canal is located in Egypt. It connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. It greatly helped the journey from Europe to Asia by reducing the trip nearly 4,300 miles. For these reasons the canal deserves 5.1 for allowing commercial ships to travel a much quicker trip from Asia to Europe.
The Boer War was a battle of British forces verses Afrikaners or South Africans. The battle was over large mineral deposits that the British miners found in Afrikaner territories. The Britsh needed up winning the war which allowed them to regain four of their colonies in South Africa, which became a British dominion. For this it receives 5.2 for the British setting up their power after winning the war.