Long 19th Century

1789-1919

Revolutionary Ideas & Conservative Response

1789 - 1799
November 1799 - November 20, 1815
December 2, 1804
September 1814 - June 1815
February 23, 1848 - 1849

The Nation-State & Empire

February 1864 - January 1871
January 18, 1871
1880 - 1914

Diplomacy & Nationalism

October 22, 1873 - March 18, 1890
1890 - 1914
July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918
1919