8000 BCE - 600 CE


Cuneiform writing begins

Approx. 3200 BCE

c. 3200 BCE the Sumerians invented the first recorded written language. This helped them become more civilized.

Use of Bronze in Egypt and Mesopotamia

Approx. 3000 BCE

Used bronze to make better tools and weapons.


2800 BCE - 1750 BCE

Empire that existed in lower Mesopotamia. Major influence, created Hammurabi's code of law, which was the first written law

Height of Harrapan Civilization

Approx. 2500 BCE

Shang Dynasty

1600 BCE - 1046 BCE

Considered first true Dynasty. First group of people from China for which written records were found.

Height of the Egyptian Civilization

1570 BCE - 1070 BCE


1550 BCE - 300 BCE

Know for being sea traders.

Hittites develop Iron

1300 BCE

The Hittites developed Iron and used it to help expand their empire. Due to their position, its making and usage got to Asia and Europe at about the same time.

Zhou Dynasty

1029 BCE - 258 BCE

Introduced a standard spoken language. Flourished until about 700 BCE, did not establish very powerful government, but worked to provide cultural unity.

Siddhartha Gautama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

Became Buddha and founded Buddhism.


551 BCE - 478 BCE

Wrote the Analects and founded Confucianism. Taught extreme respect for elders.

Height of the Greek City-States

Approx. 500 BCE - Approx. 430 BCE

c.500 BCE - c.430 BCE. The city-states just had banded together and defeated the Persians. Famous scholars and politicians came from this period including: Pericles, Socrates, Sophocles, and Phidias.

Bantu Migration reach South Africa

Approx. 500 BCE

Bantu speaking people reached South Africa about 500 BCE.


469 BCE - 399 BCE

Famous Philosopher. Developed the Socratic method, which is a type pf dialect method

Alexander the Great

356 BCE - 323 BCE

Launched one of the most successful military campaigns of all time. Conquered from Greece to the border of Asia, conquered the Persians and conquered Egypt. Spread Hellenistic culture.

Roman Capital moved to Constantinople

333 BCE

The Roman capital was moved to Constantinople, which at the time was a more majestic and important city than Rome.

Theravada Doctrine codified

250 BCE

Established the Theravada branch of Buddhism.

Han Dynasty

202 BCE - 220 CE

Founded one of the most successful bureaucracy ever. Consolidated Chinese civilization.

Buddhism arrives in china

Approx. 200 BCE

c. 200 BCE Buddhism arrived in China, did not get a very welcome reception. Eventually it started to fluctuate between popular and unpopular.

Pax Romana

30 BCE - 180 CE

Established by Caesar. Was a time of relative peace for Rome


Approx. 32 CE

c.32 CE Jesus dies and Christianity is started.

St. Paul

Approx. 37 CE

Very important apostle, founded several churches.

Destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem

70 CE

Jewish population rebelled against Rome. Rome then retook and destroyed much of Jerusalem.

Edict of Milan

313 CE

Allowed religious tolerance in the Roman empire.

Gupta Dynasty

319 - 535

Expanded influence without constant fighting. Overturned by the Huns.

Attila the Hun

406 CE - 453 CE

Ruler of the Hunnic Empire. Often attacked Rome.

Sack of Rome

410 CE

Rome was sacked, and the western Roman empire fell shortly after.


527 CE - 565 CE

Justinian was emperor of Byzantine. He improved the empire by compiling all of the laws into a single book, as well as building various public buildings.

Printing invented


Printing first invented in China under Tang dynasty. It allowed books to be made more easily