c. 3200 BCE the Sumerians invented the first recorded written language. This helped them become more civilized.
Used bronze to make better tools and weapons.
Empire that existed in lower Mesopotamia. Major influence, created Hammurabi's code of law, which was the first written law
Considered first true Dynasty. First group of people from China for which written records were found.
Know for being sea traders.
The Hittites developed Iron and used it to help expand their empire. Due to their position, its making and usage got to Asia and Europe at about the same time.
Introduced a standard spoken language. Flourished until about 700 BCE, did not establish very powerful government, but worked to provide cultural unity.
Became Buddha and founded Buddhism.
Wrote the Analects and founded Confucianism. Taught extreme respect for elders.
Bantu speaking people reached South Africa about 500 BCE.
c.500 BCE - c.430 BCE. The city-states just had banded together and defeated the Persians. Famous scholars and politicians came from this period including: Pericles, Socrates, Sophocles, and Phidias.
Famous Philosopher. Developed the Socratic method, which is a type pf dialect method
Launched one of the most successful military campaigns of all time. Conquered from Greece to the border of Asia, conquered the Persians and conquered Egypt. Spread Hellenistic culture.
The Roman capital was moved to Constantinople, which at the time was a more majestic and important city than Rome.
Established the Theravada branch of Buddhism.
Founded one of the most successful bureaucracy ever. Consolidated Chinese civilization.
c. 200 BCE Buddhism arrived in China, did not get a very welcome reception. Eventually it started to fluctuate between popular and unpopular.
Established by Caesar. Was a time of relative peace for Rome
c.32 CE Jesus dies and Christianity is started.
Very important apostle, founded several churches.
Jewish population rebelled against Rome. Rome then retook and destroyed much of Jerusalem.
Allowed religious tolerance in the Roman empire.
Expanded influence without constant fighting. Overturned by the Huns.
Ruler of the Hunnic Empire. Often attacked Rome.
Rome was sacked, and the western Roman empire fell shortly after.
Justinian was emperor of Byzantine. He improved the empire by compiling all of the laws into a single book, as well as building various public buildings.
Printing first invented in China under Tang dynasty. It allowed books to be made more easily