The first of the large gold trading empires in west Africa. The Muslim Caliphate became dependent on the gold produced here. This relates to concept 3 because the gold fueled economies.
600 - 632
The last prophet of god. He unified Arabia under the theology of Islam. This relates to concept 2 because the type of state he created and what it became is completely unique in history.
600 - 935
The largest state in Korea during the time of the Chinese Tang Dynasty. They were part of China's tribute system. This relates to concept 2 because the Silla continued from the previous period into this one.
600 - 618
A short lived dynasty that was famous for unifying all of China and creating the Grand Canal that connected the north and the south by means of waterbound trade.
618 - 907
After the fall of the short lived Sui Dynasty, the Tang took control and with China unified, sent it into a golden age. This relates to concept 2 because it was another step in the life of the state in China.
661 - 750
The first Islamic dynasty to live under the rule of the Caliphate. Created after the death of Muhammad. This relates to concept 2 because it was the beginning of the Islamic state.
710 - 794
Period in Japanese culture before Chinese influence was overpowering to native Japanese tradition. This relates to concept 2 because it's an important period in Japan.
750 - 1450
The second Islamic Caliphate in Arabia. Moved the capital to Baghdad. This has to do with concept 2 because it's the continuation of the Caliphate.
794 - 1185
The height of Chinese influence on Japanese culture. This relates to concept 2 because it deals with the interactions and influences of separate states.
Reign of Charlamagne
800 - 814
The Frankish king who expanded his realm to unite much of western Europe after the fall of the roman empire. Also known as Charles the Great, he had no great heir and his kingdom faded quickly after he died. This relates to concept 2 because it's the life of a state in Europe.
Kingdom of Angkor
900 - 1450
Civilization in modern day Cambodia. This relates to concept 2 because it deals with the life of a state in southeast Asia.
960 - 1279
Another Chinese Dynasty. The Song let go of its northern half because of nomadic invasion and eventually fell completely to the Mongols. This relates to concept 2 because it is part of the continuity of the Chinese state.
Schism Between Eastern and Western Christian Church
The split between the two halves of Christianity in Europe. This relates to concept 1 because diplomatic journeys were taken so that either side could try to negotiate with the other.
Norman Invasion of England
1066 - 1071
The conquest of the island of England by the Normans, a group from northern France. Made connections with the rest of Europe stronger . This relates to concept 2 because it created a new state in England and new friends and enemies in Europe.
The First Crusade
1096 - 1099
The first of the holy military campaigns with the goal of taking Jerusalem from Muslim control. This relates to concept 2 because it's time where two states clashed.
The 4th Crusade
1202 - 1204
The 4th of the crusades. European armies head toward Jerusalem again but instead stop at Constantinople and sack the city. This relates to concept 3 because of the conspiracy that Venice plotted this because it was in debt to Constantinople.
Mongol Conquest of all of China
1205 - 1279
The long invasion of China by the Mongolians. The Yuan Dynasty in China was created and ruled by Mongolians. This relates to concept 3 because the reason for the mongol invasion was economic gain.
Reign of Genghis Khan
1206 - 1227
The great Mongol leader. During this time he conquered more land than anyone ever in history. This relates to concept 2 because the rule of the Mongols created and destroyed states unlike anything else in history.
Sultanate of Delhi
1206 - 1450
The large Muslim state in northern India. The best attempt of unifying India in this time. This relates to concept 2 because it was the largest state in India at the time.
Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe
1220 - 1450
A kingdom in east Africa that was one of the wealthiest and most advanced in the region. This relates to concept 1 because it became rich through trade on the Indian Ocean trade routes.
1230 - 1450
The second largest
empire in west Africa. The famous Ibn Battuta was the greatest king of this state. This relates to concept 2 because it shows the growth of states in Africa
Reign of Kublai Khan
1260 - 1294
The descendant of Genghis Khan and Mongol ruler over China. He founded the Yuan Dynasty and ruled over it for more than 30 years. This relates to concept 2 because the Chinese state was changed by his rule.
Marco Polo's journey to China
1271 - 1295
The journey of the famous Italian merchant. He became well acquainted with Kublai Khan while in China and was even said to have served in one of his courts. This relates to concept 1 because increased use of trade routes made it possible for Marco Polo to travel across continents.
1271 - 1368
The dynasty in China ruled by the Mongols and Kublai Khan. This relates to concept 2 because this changed China drastically during this time period.
Reign of Mansa Musa
1312 - 1337
The greatest ruler of the Malian Empire. This relates to concept 2 because he was a very important part of the west African state.
Ibn Battuta's Journey
1325 - 1353
The Hajj of the king of Mali. He spread knowledge of his home with him as he traveled to Mecca, giving gifts o gold wherever he went along the way. This relates to concept 1 because he traveled along routes that were not often used in the last period.
1336 - 1405
A descendant of Genghis Khan who dreamed of recreating the Mongol state to what it once was. He conquered around central Asia and caused devastation where he went, though he could not reconquer all of what used to be the Mongol Empire. This relates to concept 2 because Tamerlane created the Timurid Dynasty.
Hundred Years War
1337 - 1450
A war between the Kingdoms of France and England. It lasted over one hundred years and advanced European military strategy and technology greatly. This relates to concept 2 because it is a war between 2 young growing states.
First Bubonic Plague Pandemic
1347 - 1352
The first outbreak of the plague in Europe. It killed about one third of the population of the continent. This relates to concept 1 because the disease spread from China to Europe over trade networks.
1368 - 1450
The dynasty that took the place of the Yuan after rebellion against Mongol rule. This relates to concept 2 because it shows the ever changing state in China.
Zheng He's Expeditions
1405 - 1433
The expeditions of Chinese sailors through the Indian Ocean basin to show off what China was and what they had. This relates to concept 1 because Zheng He used trade routes to travel around the Indian Ocean.
1438 - 1450
The first empire in South America. Centered in it's capital of Cuzco, the people lived mostly in the Andes Mts. and were completely separate from all of Afroeurasia. This relates to concept 2 because it's an empire grown and sustained without contact from the more advanced parts of the world.