Modern World Fall Semester

Events

Pope Innocent III

1198 - 1216

Florentine Giotto di Bondone

1266 - 1337

late medieval painter

Boniface VIII

1294 - 1303

Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch)

1304 - 1374

Father of Humanism

Popes reside in Avignon

1305 - 1378

Giovanni Boccacco

1313 - 1375

First great Italian prose writer. Decameron

Kamakura shogunte ends

1336

Ashikaga Shogunate

1338 - 1573

General Ashikaga Takauji establishes his family as hereditary shoguns

1338

Geoffrey Chaucer

1340 - 1400

Chu Yaun-chang's force's capture Nanking

1356

Nanking: a city of great wealth and historic importance, located on the southern bank of the lower Yangtze River

Chu Yuan-chang

1368 - 1398

Founder of Ming Dynasty.
Welded together many of the disparate groups that had risen against the tyrannical rule of the Mongols.

Chu Yuan-change pronounces himself Emperor Hung-Wu

1368

Hung Wu= Bounteous Warrior

Ming Rule

1368 - 1644

China's population is down to 60 million

1368

Pope Gregory XI

1370 - 1378

Jan van Eyck

1370 - 1440

Filippo Brunelleschi

1377 - 1446

Dome in the Florence cathedral

Pope Clement VI

1378 - 1394

Urban VI

1378 - 1389

Donato de Niccoli di Betto Bardi

1386 - 1466

David; first nude sculpture

Prince of Yen becomes Emperor Young-lo

1402

Emperor Yung-lo

1402 - 1424

Timurlane's death

1404

Cheng-ho launches 7 naval expeditions

1405 - 1433

Expeditions in south and southeast asia to demonstrate Ming power and enroll the tribute states.

Chinese naval dominance

1405 - 1433

Joan of Arc

1412 - 1431

Martin V

1417 - 1431

Isotta Nogarola

1418 - 1466

Charles VII reign

1422 - 1461

Cheng Ho's death

1430

After his death, officials "lost" the navigation charts.

Marsilio Ficino

1433 - 1499

Johannes Gutenberg of Mainz

1450

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Constantinople falls

1453

Conquest of Constantinople

1453

Ottomans started taking over the balkans following the conquest

Ottoman Rule

1454 - 1922

War of Roses

1455 - 1485

Louis XI reign

1461 - 1483

Spider

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Cassandra Fedele

1465 - 1558

Desiderius Eramus

1466 - 1536

Guru Nanak

1469 - 1538

Albrecht Durer

1471 - 1528

Isabella Queen of Castile

1474 - 1504

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1564

Thomas More

1478 - 1535

Ferdinand King of Aragon reign

1479 - 1516

Fort Sao Jorge established at Elima

1482

Martin Luther

1483 - 1516

Raphael Sanzio

1483 - 1520

School of Athens

Babur

1483 - 1530

Founder of the Moghul Dynasty

Civil war ends

1485 - 1509

(england)

Voyage of Bartolomeu Dias

1487 - 1488

Francois Rabelais

1490 - 1553

Columbus's Journey to America

1492

Ferdinand and Isabella conquer Granada

1492

Marguerite of Navarre

1492 - 1549

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

English, French, and Dutch expeditions hunted for a "northwest passage" around North America

1497

Voyage of Vasco de Gama

1497 - 1499

Safavid Rule

1500 - 1747

Pedro Cabral lands in Brazil

1500

Shah Isma'il Reign

1500 - 1524

China's population up to 100 million

1500

Amerigo Vespucci claims he sees land

1501

First African slaves were shipped from Spain to Latin America

1501

Martin Luther ordained a priest

1507

Cartographers put "America" (AKA Brazil) on map

1507

Sultan Selim I

1512 - 1520

Vasco Nunez de Balboa crosses the Panamanian isthmus (pacific ocean) calls it the South Sea

1513

Ottoman forces equipped with cannon decisively defeated the Safavids

1514

First Portuguese sailors arrived at the Southern Chinese port of Canton

1515

Ming government greeted them with hospitality and tolerance.

Selim routes the Mamluks in Egypt and gained control of Palestine and Syria

1517

Spanish government dispatches expedition under Ferdinand Magellan to find a passage to Asia

1519

Hernan Cortes sails from Cuba to the Mexican coast

1519

defeats the aztecs

Suleiman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

Magellan reaches the Philippines

1521

Suleiman led his armies against rulers in Europe and seized the Serbian capital of Belgrade

1521

Juan Sebastian del Cano reaches Spain

1522

Magellan's navigator

Peasants Revolt

1524 - 1525

Babur sets out for India

1524

Moghul Dynasty Rule

1524 - 1857

Amerindians revolt

1529

Sulieman leads siege to Vienna

1529

Humayun reign

1530 - 1556

Francisco Pizarro leads a force into the Andes

1532

finds Inka Empire and conquers

Pizarro gains control over Inca Empire

1533

Michel de Montaigne

1533 - 1592

Oba Nobunaga

1534 - 1582

ends the Ashikaga shogunate

Rise of Hideyoshi

1536 - 1598

Domenikos Theotokopoulos

1541 - 1614

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1542 - 1616

Cerro Potosi found in Bolivia

1545

Miguel de Cervantes

1547 - 1616

Francis Xavier in Japan

1549 - 1551

Peace of Ausburg

1555

Suleiman makes treat with Safavids

1555

Akbar reign

1556 - 1605

Ming government allows Portugal to establish a trading station at Macao

1557

Ming government allows Portugal to establish a trading station at Macao

1557

Akbar meets Afghan king at the Second Battle of Panipat

1557

Agra starts to be built

1558

Nurhatchi

1559 - 1626

Petty chief who defeated rival nomads and proclaimed himself Khan in 1616

William Shakespeare

1561 - 1616

Suleiman's empire incorporated Hungary and the Balkan Peninsula

1566

Hurrem Haski's son succeeded to the throne as Selim II

1566

Battle of Lepanto

1571

Emperor Wan-li

1572 - 1620

Ascended the throne at age 8

Selimiye Mosque in Edirne

1575

Luanda established

1576

Arjan

1581 - 1606

Christian missionaries had won 150,000 converts in Japan

1582

Oba was assassinated

1582

Matteo Ricci received permission to build a church mean Canton

1583

Shah Abbas the Great Reign

1587 - 1629

Hideyoshi bans Christianity

1587

Hideyoshi overruns Korea, but was turned back by a Ming army

1592

Abahai

1592 - 1643

Nurhatchi's son and sucessor

Portuguese seize Mombasa

1592

Wide spread famines

1594 - 1598

Hideyoshi attacks Korea again

1597

invasion ended up abandoned upon his death the following year

China's population to 200 million

1600

Dutch sailors arrive in Macao

1602

Tokugawa takes title of shogun

1603

Tokugawa's shogun reign

1603 - 1868

Jahangir reign

1605 - 1627

Dutch effectively ended Portuguese domination in the Indian sea

1610

Ming government appointed Jesuits versed in astronomy to reform China's Calender

1611

Successful

Japanese converts were ordered to renounce Christianity on pain of death

1612

Nurhatchi proclaims himself Khan

1616

Indians begin to cultivate tobacco and take up smoking

1620

Ottoman's take advantage of Shah Abbas's death and take the Safavid territitory

1623

Nzinga Mbandi

1623 - 1624

Shah Jahan reign

1627 - 1657

Shivaji

1627 - 1680

Maratha Kingdom

Widespread famines

1630 - 1632

Abahia adopted the dynastic name of Ch'ing to signal his ambition to rule all of China

1635

Ch'ing = Pure

Edict made that prohibited all Japanese from leaving Japan and those already abroad from returning

1636

Peace treaty between Safavid and Ottoman Empires

1639

Ch'ing Rule

1644 - 1911

Peking falls

1644

Dutch found Africas first European Settlement at Table Bay

1652

Dutch East India Company brings colonists to establish farms in South Africa

1657

Aurangzeb revolts and seizes thrown

1657

Aurangzeb reign

1659 - 1707

Killed his brother and imprisoned his father

Emperor K'ang-hsi

1661 - 1722

Longest ruling emperor

Naval expedition to Tawian

1683

defeated the last Ming general and brought that island under Ch'ing rule

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

Treaty of Nerchinsk

1689

Pope decides against the jesuits and decrees that Chinese practices of honoring Confucius and ancestor worship were incompatible with Catholicism

1715

Afghan forces take Isfahan

1722

Yung Cheng Reign

1723 - 1735

Ch'ien lung reign

1736 - 1796

Persians invade and take Afghanistan

1739

Assassination of Nader Shah

1747

Moghul Empire looses all effective power

1760

Pope dissolves the the Society of Jesus

1773

Ch'ing army marches to Nepal

1792

Defeat the Gurkhas. makes it a ch'ing tribunary state