Wind Lit. 3

Historical Context

Schuller- Transformation

1957

for jazz ensemble

Gianini- Praeludium and Allegro

1958

Schuller- Concertino for jazz ensemble

1959

Penderecki- Threnody

1960

Gianini- Variations and Fugue

1964

Husa- Concerto for Sax and Wind Ensemble

1967
  1. I. Adagio
  2. II. Allegro
  3. III. Adagio

Husa- Apotheosis of this Earth

1970

about man's inhumanity

Husa- Concerto for Tpt. and Winds

1972
  1. I. Lento
  2. II. L’istesso tempo
  3. III. Maestoso (Fanfares)

Husa- Al Fresco

1973

Finney- Skating on the Cheyenne

1976
  1. Figure Eights 2 Northern Lights
  2. Crack the Whip

Bassett- Sounds, Shapes, and Symbols

1977
  1. I.
  2. II.
  3. III.
  4. IV.

Schuller- In Praise of Winds

1981
  1. I. Adagio, Allegro
  2. II. Adagio
  3. III. Scherzo

Husa- Fanfare for Brass Ensemble

1981

Kraft- The Wrath of Other Winds

1986

Colgrass- Arctic Dreams

1991

Bassett- Concerto for Orchestra

1992

Recorded by the Seattle Symphony

Schwantner- Percussion Concerto

1994

for New York Phil, redone for Wind Ensemble

Husa- Les Couleurs Fauves

1995

Schwantner- In Evening Stillness

1996

CBDNA commission/ 2nd mvt. of the planned trilogy.

Corigliano- Red Violin

1999

Colgrass- Old Churches

2000

for young band

Colgrass- Dream Dancer

2001

for alto sax and band

Colgrass- Beethoven Machine

2003

for young band

Colgrass- Gotta Make Noise

2003

for young band

Schwantner- Recoil

2004

His 4th piece for W.E./ explores timbral qualities of expanded percussion.

Kraft- Vintage, Renaissance, and Beyond

2005

Husa- Cheetah

2005

John Williams (1932--)

Went to UCLA/ studied with Mario Castelnuevo-Tedesco/ Age 52- went into the air force/ Went to Juilliard, met and wrote for Henry Mancini-played jazz piano in clubs/ Worked with Alfred Newman, Jerry Goldsmith.

Sinfonietta

1968

Vittorrio Gianini (1903-1966)

*From the east coast/ graduate work at Juilliard/ Studied violin and composition at Milan Conservatory/Taught Flagello, David Amram, Alfred Reed, Corigliano, Adolphus Hailstork/ Founder of N. Carolina Center for the Arts/ neo-Romantic style a la Samuel Barber and Howard Hansen.

Symphony No. 3

1958
  1. Allegro Energico
  2. Adagio
  3. Allegretto
  4. Allegro con brio

Krzysztof Penderecki (1933--)

Polish composer/ studied violin and composition/ went to Krakow conservatory/ Influneced by Cage-"liberating sound beyond all recognition."/ Studied with Stanislaus and Wiechow/ 1958-became a prof. at Krakow Cons./1959- won all 3 available comp. awards.

Pittsburgh Overture

1967

Vern Reynolds- (1929-2011)

Horn player and composer/ horn prof. at Eastman/ Inspired by atonal jazz (Dizzy Gillespie)/ more experimental than the composers in 50s and 60s/ 3 periods---1: Influenced by Hindemith/ 2: 12 tone (late 60s and early 70s)/ 3: Freely uses every technique he knows (mid- 70s - death).

Scenes Revisited

1971

scored for very individual parts (7 tpt parts, 6 clar. parts, 4 oboe parts)/ commissioned for Michigan Wind Ensmeble.

Ross Lee Finney (1906-1997)

Composer at the U. of Mich./ Established electronic program at Mich./ Studied with Nadia Boulanger, Alban Berg/ Went to Harvard in 1928/ wrote many articles on Baroque music. Students- Leslie Bassett, William Albright, Roger Reynolds, George Crumb/ Won 1927 Pulitzer Prize for his string quartet/ wrote for all mediums.

Leslie Bassett- (1923--)

Studied piano, tbn, and cello/ played tbn. in military in WWII/ Went to Paris Conserv. to study with Boulanger and Honegger/ Also studed with Davidovsky and Gerhardt/ Ormandy and Phil. Orchestra commissioned him to write "Echos from an Invisible World" in 1976.

Joseph Schwantner (1943--)

studied guitar and tuba/ grad school at Northwestern/ Taught at Eastman in 1970, becametheory chair in 1979/ 1979- lecturer @ Yale, then theory prof./ Composer in Residence w/ San Francisco orchestra/ 1979- won Pulitzer for Aftertones of Affinity/ 1986- won award for "A Sudden Rainbow"/ 1987- won "Best Classical Award"/ very influenced by guitar sounds-->chords, plucking, sharpness, jazz/ Early career- wrote chamber works, then tried to augment these sounds/ uses whisting, singing, etc.

...and the mountains rising nowhere...

1978

amped piano, perc. playing 50 instruments, orchestral winds, crystal glasses, and singing, and whistling/ frequent use of octatonic scales/ as he evolved, he became more tonal/ shared monody- singular, linear event melodically shared by many players by each playing a single sustained pitch in the melody/ Principle of tension and release- repitition of harmonic/melodic fragment, layering with dynamic contrast, moves abruptly between scant/dense scoring/ Uses poetry in inspiration of titles.

From a Dark Millinium

1981

shared monody-->creates celestial choir out of singing and whistling

Ernst Krenek- (1900-1991)

Dream Seqence

1974
  1. Nightmare
  2. Pleasant Dream
  3. Puzzle
  4. Dream about Flying represents a post-modern aesthetic/very chromatic/ CBDNA commission

Karel Husa (1921--)

began writing for winds fairly early in his life/ won Pulitzer prize for String Quartet No. 3/ Won 1st Sudler prize in 1983/ Studied in Paris with Honegger and Boulanger/ Taught at Cornell.

Divertimento for Brass and Percussion

1959

for brass and percussion; expansion of movements from the Eight Czech Duets

Music for Prague

1968

commissioned by Ithica/ Premiered in 1969/ Uses Czech folk song, "Ye Warriors of God and his Law"/ this folk song was also used by Smetena in "My Country"/ uses sounds of bells because of Pragues nickname- "City of Towers"- signs of victory or distress.
1. Introduction and Fanfare
2. Aria- song- uses two rows (one in low brass, one in sax melody)
3. Interlude- Percussion mvt., represents military occupance, everything is serialized (pppp-->mp dynamic range)
4. Toccata and Chorale- represents war, snare drum melds into 4th mvt.

William Albright (1944-1998)

Taught at U. of Mich/ organist, composer, pianist/ Student of Ross Lee Finney and Messiaen/ Combined pop music, non-Western music, and post-modern music.

Michael Colgrass (1932--)

Jazz drummer/ studied at Illinois/ Timpanist in Germany in army/ played with New York Phil, Modern Jazz Quartet/ won 1978 Pulitzer prize for Dejavue/ Emmy award for "Soundings- The Music of Michael Colgrass"/ Uses graphics to teach music.

Winds of Nagual

1985

based on the writings of Carlos Castanata
Movement 1: "The Desert: Don Juan Emerges from the Mountains"
This movement is highly evocative of the opening of Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring. The opening sound of the Eb Clarinet is a possible reminder of the Bassoon in the Treble Clef from Stravinsky's Ballet.
Movement 2: "Don Genaro Appears"
Laughter can be heard from the Clarinets in an unmistakable sound in this movement.
Movement 3: "Carlos Stares at the River and Becomes a Bubble"
Movement 4: "The Gait of Power"
Movement 5: "Asking Twilight for Calmness and Power"
Movement 6: "Don Juan Clowns for Carlos"
Clowns from a Circus or Carnivale can be heard here - the Clarinet and Saxophone sections utilize Folk music to make sound that could remind the listener of a memory of painted up performers.
Movement 7: "Last Conversation and Farewell"
A similar sounding feel to the "Great Gate of Kiev" from Pictures at an Exhibition by Modest Mussorgsky

Urban Requium

1995

Sax quartet and wind ensemble

William Kraft

percussionist, composer, conductor/ Recorded Soldier's Tale under Stravinksy's tuteledge-->played percussion.

Dialogues and Entertainment for Band

1981
  1. Friends
  2. Interlude
  3. Hommage to St. Marks
  4. Let not the Black Sun Decieve You

Gunther Schuller- (1925--)

Conductor, composer, horn player/ wrote "Complete conductor"/ Bridge from old school band and today/ Grandfather- bandmaster in Germany/ Father- violinist with New York Phil./ Sent to Germany for traning/ Taught at Manhattan School, Yale, and New England Conservatory/ Started Standpoint Festival/ fascinated with jazz/ in a band conducted by Miles Davis/ 3rd stream- 1957- referred to classical forms w/ improv elements from jazz/ Edited Scott Joplin's "Red Back" Book of Rags/ freely used serial methods along with jazz./ 1972- started the Ragtime ensemble at N. E. Conservatory/ Wrote a book on horn technique as well as 2 books on the History of jazz and one called "Musings" which discusses 3rd stream

On Winged Flight

1989

Conceived as a Divertimento for band/ for Air Force band + 3 cellos/ ABA conference.

John Corigliano- (1938--)

writes for all genres, 2008- Won Grammy award for Mr. Tambourine Man for orchestra and amped piano/ 1999- won Gromeyer award/ wrote an opera-->Ghost of Versaiiles.

Symphony No. 3 "Circus Maximus"

2004

commissioned by UT/ World premiere in Carnagie Hall/ Shows the parallels of US to ancient Rome/ 8 mvts- Each mvt has its own imagry and gives the illusion of grandeur and debauchery/ Ends with an actual gunshot.