KJ: Period 3 Timeline

3.1

expansion and intensification of communication and exchange networks

Muhammad

570 - 632

Muhammad has influence on trade because of his influence on muslims with the five pillars. One of those being the hajj which increased trade because of all the other Muslims that took it too.

Sui Dynasty

581 - 618

The Sui Dynasty didn't not last long but is remembered in history because of its innovations. During the Sui dynasty the grand canal was created and that helped china thrive for years to come because it connected the north and the south.

Umayyad Dynasty

661 - 750

The Umayyad Dynasty was the first great Muslim caliphate dynasty, which ruled over the Middle East, parts of Europe. and Northern Africa. This dynasty had control over all of the Mediterranean sea was grew a lot because of the trade there.

Kingdome of Ghana

830 - 1235

Ghana was a kingdom formed out of the income of trade a merchants. Ghana had great gold and salt trade and even connected tran-saharan trade.

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

The First Crusade started to create unity from Europe to parts of the middle east and more communication. In addition to the benefit it also created unity with christians and the government.

Reign of Genghis khan

1162 - 1227

Ganghis Khan lead to mongols into taking control most of the silk road. HE created safe trade throughout the whole silk road and boosted the economy by moving skilled workers.

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

The Fourth Crusade conquered Constatinople which is a major asset in silk road trade and Indian ocean trade benefiting europe majorly.

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

The sultanate of Delhi was a Muslim kingdom that ruled over northern India. The are known for their strong military and use of slave, which is one reason why they were so successful. They had strong communication with other Muslim groups that encouraged trade.

Reign of Kublai Khan

1215 - 1294

Kublai Khan was the leader of the mongols who conquered all of china and unified the entire silk road. He was the successor of Ganghis Khan a kept his dynasty running well.

The Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

1220 - 1450

Because of Great Zimbabwe's Location it was able to thrive and develop off of indian ocean trade. Great Zimbabwe is a mixing pot of all the different cultures in indian ocean trade.

Yuan dynasty

1271 - 1368

The yuan dynasty was the dynasty established by Kublai khan after he conquered China and still had control over the silk road. The dynasty was very successful because it promoted and taxed trade on the silk road.

Marco Polo's trip to China

1271 - 1294

Marco polo traveled from Italy to china in the 13th century, seeing the ways of life as he passed by and writing it all down. Marco Polo's journey in the end created a clear image for Europe on the Asia is really like and how much Europe can benefit by trading with them.

Ibn Battita's journey

1325 - 1354

Ibn Battita's Journey was a hajj to mecca, while on this journey he traded and recorded to show when he got home how prosperous trade was. he also influenced a lot of muslims to trade.

Ming dynasty

1368 - 1644

This dynasty id thought to be one of the three golden ages of china mainly because of their trade. Merchants had a major influence on China helping the economy and growth of their culture.

3.2

continuity and innovation of state forms and their interactions

Silla dynasty

57 CE - 935 CE

The Silla dynasty was a kingdom in Korea and was one the worlds longest sustained dynasties. The Silla dynasty was able to keep its was a prosperity for over 900 years, mainly because it did not pose as a big treat but kept trade going.

Schism of the Christian Church

325 - 1453

Christianity is divided into different sectors each have different belief but most have the same core values and all believing that Jesus is the sun of god. The main division happened In Mediterranean after the fall of Rome when the empire split each side started to change and at to their beliefs in different ways. This created trouble with trade and communication because they excommunicated each other.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Tang dynasty is said to be home to the golden age of China, with specail regards to the city of Chang'an. Chang'an was a city known for is trade and acceptance of religion as seen through the churches and temples and other places of worship in it. It is also know to the tribute system that gave the government lots of money trough basically a tax and promoted trade.

Nara period

710 - 794

The Nara period is considered to be a golden age of Japan with cultural development. The got a lot of their influences from china one of them being Buddhism that really thrived more.

Reign of Charlemagne

742 - 814

Charlemagne ruled at time when europe was dividing into parts and ruled over the western side. He started to rule after the collapse of the western roman empire and then expanded his territory while still keeping contact and peace with other regions.

Abbasid Dynasty

750 CE - 1258 CE

The Abbasid dynasty was the second of the two muslim caliphate dynasties and is known to be the home of the golden age of Islam. This was a time with major evolution of islam especially with education, helping the prosperity of the abbasid dynasty.

Heian Period

794 CE - 1185 CE

This was a period of property in Japan, with large influences from Chinese culture and religions. This period is the start of the formation of a strong government for Japan.

Kingdom of Angkor

Approx. 800 - Approx. 1200

The Kingdom of Angkor was a Kingdom in South East Asia, the prided them selves on their education, sports, and all the finer thing in life at this time. Not only did it have all these little advantages it was also somewhat of a trade center.

Inca Empire

1438 - 1533

The Inca Empire was the largest pre-Columbian empire and was located in Peru. This was the first major empire in the Americas with and strong military and political system.

3.3

increased economic productive capacity and its consequences

Song dynasty

960 - 1279

Although the Song dynasty was very successful the hindered there trade because they were the only place using banknotes so they were basically worthless.

Norman invasion of England

1066

Most invasions of other kingdom are done for economic gain, like this one. In this case having a strong economy can cause other problems.

Mali Empore

1230 - 1600

Mali is an example of the consequences of increased economic productivity in that Mali was the empire that took Ghana and made it their own and really prospered from it. Mali, like Ghana controlled Tran-Saharan trade and taxed to create the most income.

Mongol Conquest over all of China

1264

For years the Mongols had been trying to control China for revenge reasons and the control their economy and have control over the entire silk road trade. This wasn't done until Kublai Khan was in charge.

Mansa Musa

1312 - 1337

Mansa Musa went on a hajj to mecca from Mali in the 14th century While on this journey he created trade for Mali by giving gold to the cities he stopped in, creating an interest of Mali and trust because he was Muslim.

First Bubonic Plague

Approx. 1330 - Approx. 1350 CE

The First Bubonic Plague is a perfect example of how increased trade spreads deceases. The plague started in China and the spread to Europe (where its known to be the most deadly) through the silk road.

Tamerlane

1336 - 1405

Tamerlane was a powerful leader that conquered more in his life time than anyone else except Alexander the great. He was able to conquer and control mas amounts of trade and increase the economy of his nomadic group.

Hundred year's war

1336 - 1453

The hundred year war is a power struggle between France and England, England was trying to take control of Frances land. Is England had taken control is would have had major economic benefits with taxation and trade.

Zheng He's expeditions

1405 - 1433

Hes expedition were designed to that the Chinese could show their presence and take part in Indian ocean trade. They wanted to impresses people in the Indian ocean trade areas and then take over and control Indian ocean trade. This shows what would have been a consequence for increased economic power if they had been successful in taking over.