Becket: Period 3 Timeline


Expansion and Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks

Kingdom Of Ghana

Approx. 300 - Approx. 1200

The Kingdom of Ghana was in Eastern Africa. They were notorious for their trade of salt and gold with Timbuktu. This connects to the theme of Exchange Networks largely.

Plague of Justinian (First Bubonic Plague Pandemic)

541 - 542

This was a bubonic plague that afflicted the Byzantine empire, but most importantly, the captial, Constantinople. It killed up to 5,000 people at it's peak. It is in this category because it is was spread by a rat that resided on a grain boat from Egypt, showing the effectiveness of the expanding trade routes.


570 - June 8, 632

Muhammad was the prophet of Allah, who documented and founded Islam. He was originally a merchant, which was largely accepted by the culture, and that is one of the many ways Islam spread: through merchant travels.

Umayyad Dynasty

661 - 750

The Umayyad Caliphate was the largest the world had yet seen. They also were the first empire to mint coins in a caliphate. These coins provided a common currency, that was probably acceptable in the Byzantine empire, seeing as how those coins were what the Umayyads based theirs off of.

Norman Conquest Of England

September, 1066 - October, 1066

The Norman invaders conquered Engalnd through a series of battles. This is a strange category for this event, but I see it as the Normans have a whole host of new communications and exchnage networks opening for them when they defeat this area.

Kingdom Of Greater Zimbabwe

1220 - 1450

Zimbabwe is located on the East Coast of Africa, so it was definitely involved in the Indian Ocean Trade Network. The Indian Ocean trade network connects to the theme of Exchange and Communication. Zimbabwe was made richer through the network.

Mali Empire

Approx. 1230 - Approx. 1600

The Mali Empire was a western African trade center of salt and gold. Since this empire was a large contender in Trans-Saharan trade, it is in this category. It was a very successful empire, with places like Timbuktu in its dominion.

Marco Polo's Trip To China

1276 - 1291

Marco Polo was famous for his journey to China. It is said he inspired Christopher Columbus and many other travellers. This trip relates to this theme because Marco Polo was recepted by China, making communication possible between Italy and China.

Reign Of Mansa Musa

1312 - 1337

Mansa Musa was a king of Mali who was notorious for his love of gold. He actually used so much gold that its price was significantly lowered. He is in this category because his travels opened up lots of trade routes with Mali, with salt and gold.

Ibn Batutta's Journey

June, 1325 - 1349

Idn Batutta was a Moroccan explorer. He is famous for his published account of his expeditions in the Rihla. He traveled to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. I put this in this category because the expeditions were along trade roads and these journeys provided communication for the cplace of origin.

Zheng He's Expeditions

1405 - 1433

Zheng He was a Chinese explorer in the Ming Dynasty. He conducted expeditions from Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa. I put this in this category because expeditions were conducted along trade routes and communication was maintianed through these expeditions.

Continuity and Innovation of State Forms and Their Interactions

Silla Dynasty

57 BC - 935

This dynasty was one of the longest maintained dynasties in the world. It is in this category because it is the continuity of the state.

Christian Schism

Approx. 325 - Approx. 1453

Since the Chrsitian church was a state in and of itself, it was bound to experience change. Since the Bible was distributed to everyone, they were able to interperet it any way they wanted. From this came a Schism between Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. This was a continuity of the Christian state.

Nara Period

710 - 794

The Nara period was a time of total Buddhist establishment in Japan. At this time, Japan was using lots of Chinese culture by sending ambassadors to China. This period is in this category because the area was expanding cultural bounds and interacting with China.

Abbasid Dynasty

750 - 1258

The Abbasid Dynasty was said to be the Golden Age of Islam. This dynasty was at the forefront of the scientific field. This relates to the innovation of state.

Reign Of Charlemagne

December 25, 800 - January 28, 814

Under Charlemagne, the first emperor in Western Europe since the Fall Of The Roman Empire, the Carolingian Renaissance, which was a time of huge progress in many fields of arts, architecture, and literature.

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

The First Crusade was the first of many crusades to recapture the Holy Land from Turks and Jews. It was launched by Pope Urban II. It fits in this category because it is the interaction of the warring empires and states.

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

The Fourth Crusade was the fourth major battle in the Crusades, an ongoing war between, generally, Christians against Jews and Turks. In this fourth crusade, the Crusaders of Western Europe sacked Constantinople, attacking from the inside under the pretense of resting before moving on to Jerusalem. This fits in this category because it is the interactions between many states.

Mongol Conquest Of China

1205 - 1279

Since the Mongols and Chinese were vying for the same lands, they were going to be in conflict. It was the Mongols military prowess that put them on top. This event is in this category because it is the interaction of the Mongol state and the Chinese state.

Sultanate Of Dehli

1206 - 1526

The Sultanate of Dehli connects to the theme of State Continuity because it was ruled by five consecutive dynasties, while still maintaining being a sultanate. This was a strength that was rarely seen elsewhere. In this way, they continued as a slightly cohesive whole.

Reign Of Genghis Khan

1206 - August 18, 1227

During the reign of Genghis Khan, the Mongol empire grew in size by a lot. The Mongols were united for the first time, under his rule. This follows the theme of states (the Mongols) interacting with others through conquest.

Reign Of Kublai Khan

May 5, 1260 - February 18, 1294

Kublai Khan was a Mongol khan who established the Yuan dynasty. Since the Mongols always strived for conquest and expansion, this continuity of their empire was largescale, becoming a whole dynasty. Also, their interactions with the native Chinese people speaks for their continuity as conquerers.

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

The Hundred Years War was a struggle between France and England. The Hundred Years War is seen as a period of HUGE military innovation, and tactics and weapons were evolved significantly during this time.


1370 - 1405

Tamerlane was a Turk-Mongol conqueror. He is in this category because he wanted to recreate Genghis Khans Mongol Empire. That was a continuity of the Mongol Empire: nomadic lifestyle.

Inca Empire

1438 - 1533

The reason this is in this category is because it is the opposite of it. The Inca Empire was very isolated from the rest of the civilized world and so being, was slightly behind where the rest of the world was. The Incas barely interacted with anyone.

Increased Economic Productive Capacity and it's Consequence

Sui Dynasty

581 - 618

The Sui Dynasty was a Chinese dynasty who didn't last long. But, their intent was to strive for economic and agricultural steps forward, which is why I placed in this category. They adopted things like the equal-field system to try and better themselves.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

This Chinese dynasty is in this category because of a king who made himself that way, and people didn't take it well. The An Lushan rebellion came about because of economics, or rather the man who wanted to control the Chinese economy.

Heian Period

794 - 1185

The Heian Period was a highpoint in Japanese history, but the consequences of this period left Japan economically weak, which is the reason it's in this category. Money was slowly disappearing and the police force was nonexistent.

Kingdom Of Angkor

832 - 1351

The Angkor empire experienced a revolt, which was successful, and the subjects created a Thai empire. This rebellion was a consequence of the kinf withdrawing the government and economy from the areas of revolt. That is how it connects to the theme of economic productive capacity and consequences.

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

The Song Dynasty was the first dynasty to ever use nationally issued banknotes, which demoted trade. This was not good for China, because if they were the only ones using the money, they wouldn't be able to trade with the outside world.

Yuan Dynasty

1271 - 1368

The Yuan Dynasty was a "Chinese" dynasty, but it consisted completely of Mongol rule. Mongols herein controlled all happenings in the conquered area. But, they did not accept the Chinese culture. By not accepting the language, or the working of the Chinese, the Mongols foresalled relations that would have improved their economy. In that way, they saw consequence from not embracing Chinese culture.

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

This dynasty was founded by revolts created by tax inflation and overtaxing in general. The economic decline was a consequence of over capacity. That is how it connects to the theme of consequence.