The Kingdom of Ghana was in Eastern Africa. They were notorious for their trade of salt and gold with Timbuktu. This connects to the theme of Exchange Networks largely.
This was a bubonic plague that afflicted the Byzantine empire, but most importantly, the captial, Constantinople. It killed up to 5,000 people at it's peak. It is in this category because it is was spread by a rat that resided on a grain boat from Egypt, showing the effectiveness of the expanding trade routes.
Muhammad was the prophet of Allah, who documented and founded Islam. He was originally a merchant, which was largely accepted by the culture, and that is one of the many ways Islam spread: through merchant travels.
The Umayyad Caliphate was the largest the world had yet seen. They also were the first empire to mint coins in a caliphate. These coins provided a common currency, that was probably acceptable in the Byzantine empire, seeing as how those coins were what the Umayyads based theirs off of.
The Norman invaders conquered Engalnd through a series of battles. This is a strange category for this event, but I see it as the Normans have a whole host of new communications and exchnage networks opening for them when they defeat this area.
Zimbabwe is located on the East Coast of Africa, so it was definitely involved in the Indian Ocean Trade Network. The Indian Ocean trade network connects to the theme of Exchange and Communication. Zimbabwe was made richer through the network.
The Mali Empire was a western African trade center of salt and gold. Since this empire was a large contender in Trans-Saharan trade, it is in this category. It was a very successful empire, with places like Timbuktu in its dominion.
Marco Polo was famous for his journey to China. It is said he inspired Christopher Columbus and many other travellers. This trip relates to this theme because Marco Polo was recepted by China, making communication possible between Italy and China.
Mansa Musa was a king of Mali who was notorious for his love of gold. He actually used so much gold that its price was significantly lowered. He is in this category because his travels opened up lots of trade routes with Mali, with salt and gold.
Idn Batutta was a Moroccan explorer. He is famous for his published account of his expeditions in the Rihla. He traveled to North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. I put this in this category because the expeditions were along trade roads and these journeys provided communication for the cplace of origin.
Zheng He was a Chinese explorer in the Ming Dynasty. He conducted expeditions from Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa. I put this in this category because expeditions were conducted along trade routes and communication was maintianed through these expeditions.
This dynasty was one of the longest maintained dynasties in the world. It is in this category because it is the continuity of the state.
Since the Chrsitian church was a state in and of itself, it was bound to experience change. Since the Bible was distributed to everyone, they were able to interperet it any way they wanted. From this came a Schism between Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. This was a continuity of the Christian state.
The Nara period was a time of total Buddhist establishment in Japan. At this time, Japan was using lots of Chinese culture by sending ambassadors to China. This period is in this category because the area was expanding cultural bounds and interacting with China.
The Abbasid Dynasty was said to be the Golden Age of Islam. This dynasty was at the forefront of the scientific field. This relates to the innovation of state.
Under Charlemagne, the first emperor in Western Europe since the Fall Of The Roman Empire, the Carolingian Renaissance, which was a time of huge progress in many fields of arts, architecture, and literature.
The First Crusade was the first of many crusades to recapture the Holy Land from Turks and Jews. It was launched by Pope Urban II. It fits in this category because it is the interaction of the warring empires and states.
The Fourth Crusade was the fourth major battle in the Crusades, an ongoing war between, generally, Christians against Jews and Turks. In this fourth crusade, the Crusaders of Western Europe sacked Constantinople, attacking from the inside under the pretense of resting before moving on to Jerusalem. This fits in this category because it is the interactions between many states.
Since the Mongols and Chinese were vying for the same lands, they were going to be in conflict. It was the Mongols military prowess that put them on top. This event is in this category because it is the interaction of the Mongol state and the Chinese state.
The Sultanate of Dehli connects to the theme of State Continuity because it was ruled by five consecutive dynasties, while still maintaining being a sultanate. This was a strength that was rarely seen elsewhere. In this way, they continued as a slightly cohesive whole.
During the reign of Genghis Khan, the Mongol empire grew in size by a lot. The Mongols were united for the first time, under his rule. This follows the theme of states (the Mongols) interacting with others through conquest.
Kublai Khan was a Mongol khan who established the Yuan dynasty. Since the Mongols always strived for conquest and expansion, this continuity of their empire was largescale, becoming a whole dynasty. Also, their interactions with the native Chinese people speaks for their continuity as conquerers.
The Hundred Years War was a struggle between France and England. The Hundred Years War is seen as a period of HUGE military innovation, and tactics and weapons were evolved significantly during this time.
Tamerlane was a Turk-Mongol conqueror. He is in this category because he wanted to recreate Genghis Khans Mongol Empire. That was a continuity of the Mongol Empire: nomadic lifestyle.
The reason this is in this category is because it is the opposite of it. The Inca Empire was very isolated from the rest of the civilized world and so being, was slightly behind where the rest of the world was. The Incas barely interacted with anyone.
The Sui Dynasty was a Chinese dynasty who didn't last long. But, their intent was to strive for economic and agricultural steps forward, which is why I placed in this category. They adopted things like the equal-field system to try and better themselves.
This Chinese dynasty is in this category because of a king who made himself that way, and people didn't take it well. The An Lushan rebellion came about because of economics, or rather the man who wanted to control the Chinese economy.
The Heian Period was a highpoint in Japanese history, but the consequences of this period left Japan economically weak, which is the reason it's in this category. Money was slowly disappearing and the police force was nonexistent.
The Angkor empire experienced a revolt, which was successful, and the subjects created a Thai empire. This rebellion was a consequence of the kinf withdrawing the government and economy from the areas of revolt. That is how it connects to the theme of economic productive capacity and consequences.
The Song Dynasty was the first dynasty to ever use nationally issued banknotes, which demoted trade. This was not good for China, because if they were the only ones using the money, they wouldn't be able to trade with the outside world.
The Yuan Dynasty was a "Chinese" dynasty, but it consisted completely of Mongol rule. Mongols herein controlled all happenings in the conquered area. But, they did not accept the Chinese culture. By not accepting the language, or the working of the Chinese, the Mongols foresalled relations that would have improved their economy. In that way, they saw consequence from not embracing Chinese culture.
This dynasty was founded by revolts created by tax inflation and overtaxing in general. The economic decline was a consequence of over capacity. That is how it connects to the theme of consequence.