Cai Lun, a government official from the eastern Han dynasty, made paper by mixing the bark of a mulberry tree and bamboo fibres with water, draining and drying the mixture on a flat bamboo frame.
The Chinese wrote with characters instead of an alphabet. When writing with a Western alphabet of more than nine letters, there is a temptation to go on with words like eleven.
Pottery was a critical skill in the ancient world, providing cooking pots, vessels for food and water storage and opportunities for creativity.
Legend has it that Empress Si Ling Chi discovered silk when a silkworm moth cocoon fell from a mulberry tree into her tea. After some experiment, she finally managed to weave the silk filament into a piece of fabric.
Compared with other pottery, the primitive porcelain, with its transitional nature, is durable, easy to rinse, delicately decorated with fine roughcast, thus it has a good prospect of development.
This is what was used to waterproof stuff. This liquid stuff came from a tree.
Iron was used to make weapons and tools. It was a big deal that they invented iron.
It had a central ridge ending in a sharp point to cut the soil and wings which sloped gently up towards the center to throw the soil off the plow and reduce friction.
These were a very important weapon in warfare. These had a mechanical trigger, so that many releases could be made without tiring the crossbowman.
The umbrella symbolized power and wealth, the bigger umbrellas were for the people in a higher status, where the smaller ones were for people with a lower social status.
Previously horses were attached to vehicles by straps around their necks. The horse could not pull a heavy load because the strap would constrict its neck! The horse collar allowed horses to pull much heavier loads.
It was made with lodestone – an iron oxide-based mineral that aligns itself in a north-south direction due to the Earth’s magnetic field.
An ancient Chinese wheelbarrow was made entirely out of wood and used animal fat as a lubricant for the axle.
A sundial is an device that used to measure time by the position of the Sun. It is called “rigui” in Chinese. In ancient China, it was used by Chinese people to count hours during the sunny days.
Chinese jump rope is a game played by many children, using an elastic rope that is tied in a circle. Two players stretch the rope out around their ankles while the third performs a jumping pattern within it.