Representatives of major powers of Europe, including
France, met to redraw territorial lines and to try and
restore the social and political order of the Old Regime. They settle Legitimacy, Compensation, Balance of Power after this meeting.
Concert of Europe
Lasted from Congress of Vienna in 1815 until
the Crimean War of the 1850s
Two major provisions: Quadruple Alliance and the
Quadruple Alliance: Russia, Prussia, Austria and England
Congress System: European international relations controlled by
series of meetings held by great powers to monitor and defend status quo
The German Confederation was a loose association of 39 German states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815.
Rise of Liberalism
After the congress of Vienna, the liberalism unleashed by the French Revolution.
Liberalism became a major force in France during the
Revolutions of 1830 and 1848.
Revolutions of 1830
Revolutions of 1848
1848 - 1849
The 1848 revolutions were influenced by many things including nationalism, liberalism, and romanticism. Economic dislocation and instability also played a role in the cause of the revolutions. The end of the revolutions was in 1849.
Battle of Waterloo
June 18, 1815
The Battle of Waterloo marked the final defeat of French military leader and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
King Charles X sought to impose absolutism by
rolling back the constitutional monarchy.
In response, a radical revolt in Paris forced the
reactionary Charles X to abdicate his throne.
1815 - 1846
"The Corn Laws were designed to protect corn prices to against competition from less expensive foreign imports between 1815 and 1846".
December 1816: Corn Law riots in London
Reform Act of 1832
The Reform Act 1832 introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
The Chartist movement
1838 - 1848
The Chartist movement was the first mass movement driven by the working classes. It grew following the failure of the 1832 Reform Act to extend the vote beyond those owning property.
French revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Louis Philippe and established the Second Republic.
Holy Roman Empire
1821 - 1848
representative from HRE during congress of vienna, led the negotiations
1848 revolts are series of political revolutions against traditional authority.
Frederick William IV comes to power in Prussia
It took place in Imperial Russia on 26 December 1825. Russian army officers led about 3,000 soldiers in a protest against Nicholas I.
Revolution of 1830
1831 - 1832
Italian nationalists needed unification which they sought out when Guiseppe Mazzini and his secret revolutionary society went to get that. Northern Italy, Modena, Parma, and papal states started to see outbreaks of liberal discontent too.