70,000 to 100,000 people sentenced. May be caused by disruptions created by religious division and warfare.
Those who were most in need of security and influence, particularly old, impoverished single or widowed women made claims to possessing authority of magic.
80% of victims of witch hunts were women - single and over 40. Misogyny fueled witch hunts inspired by male hatred and sexual fear of strong women, and occurring at a time when not few women were breaking out under male control.