American History Timeline

People

Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

Anne Hutchinson

1591 - 1643

Roger Williams

1603 - 1683

Benjamin Franklin

1706 - 1790

George Whitefield

1714 - 1770

Sam Adams

1722 - 1803

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

George Washington

1732 - 1799

Richard Henry Lee

1732 - 1794

John Adams

1735 - 1826

Paul Revere

1735 - 1818

Patrick Henry

1736 - 1799

Patrick Henry

1736 - 1799

Tom Paine

1737 - 1809

John Hancock

1737 - 1793

King George III

1738 - 1829

Joseph Warren

1741 - 1775

Thomas Jefferson

1743 - 1826

John Jay

1745 - 1829

James Madison

1751 - 1836

John Marshall

1755 - 1835

Aaron Burr

1756 - 1836

Alexander Hamilton

1757 - 1804

Noah Webster

1758 - 1843

James Monroe

1758 - 1831

Andrew Jackson

1767 - 1845

John Quincy Adams

1767 - 1848

William Crawford

1772 - 1834

Josiah Quincy

1772 - 1864

William Henry Harrison

1773 - 1841

Henry Clay

1777 - 1852

John Calhoun

1782 - 1850

Martin Van Buren

1782 - 1862

Zachary Taylor

1784 - 1850

Davy Crockett

1786 - 1836

John Tyler

1790 - 1862

Charles Grandison Finney

1792 - 1875

Sam Houston

1793 - 1863

James K. Polk

1795 - 1849

William B. Travis

1809 - 1836

Frederick Douglass

1818 - 1895

Mary Baker Eddy

1821 - 1910

Mark Twain

1835 - 1910

William McKinley

1843 - 1901

Woodrow Wilson

December 28, 1856 - February 3, 1924

William Taft

1857 - 1930

Teddy Roosevelt

1858 - 1919

Henry Ford

1863 - 1947

Warren Harding

1865 - 1923

Calvin Coolidge

1872 - 1933

Herbert Hoover

1874 - 1964

Winston Churchill

1874 - 1965

Albert Einstein

1879 - 1955

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1882 - 1945

Harry Truman

1884 - 1972

Adolf Hitler

1889 - 1945

Dwight Eisenhower

1890 - 1969

Ronald Reagan

1911 - 2004

Gerald Ford

1913 - 2006

Richard Nixon

1913 - 1994

John F. Kennedy

1917 - 1963

Jimmy Carter

1924 - Present

George H. W. Bush

1924 - Present

Martin Luther King

1929 - 1968

George W. Bush

1946 - Present

Bill Clinton

1946 - Present

Bill Gates

1955 - Present

Steve Jobs

1955 - 2011

Wars & Relating Events

Cortes Conquers Mexico

1519 - 1521

Pequot Indian War

1635 - 1636

English Civil War

1642 - 1648

English Conquer New Netherlands

1664

King Philip's War

1675 - 1676

Queen Anne's War

1702 - 1703

King George's War

1744 - 1748

French and Indian War

1758 - 1763

American Revolution

1765 - 1783

Battles of Lexington and Concord

1775

Battle of Saratoga

1777

Cornwallis Surrenders at Yorktown

1781

Battle of Fallen Timbers

1794

Quasi War with France

1798

British Seize American Ships

1805

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

War of 1812

1812

Battle of Lake Erie and Thames

1813

Battle of Lake Champlain/Plattsburgh

1814

British Burn White House

1814

Battle of New Orleans

1815

Battle of Jacinto Makes Texas an Independent Republic

1836

The Battle of the Alamo

1836

Mexican-American War

1846

Mexican War ends

1848

Battle of Bull Run

1861

Fort Sumpter surrenders to the Confederacy

1861

Plains Indians Wars begin

1862

Battles of Shiloh and Antietam

1862

Battles of Vicksburg and Gettysburg

1863

Sand Creek Massacre

1864

Fall of Atlanta and Sherman's March to the Sea

1864

Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox

1865

Civil War ends

1865

Fetterman Massacre

1866

Custer Massacre

1867

Chief Joseph and Nez Perce surrender

1877

Wounded Knee Massacre

1890

Spanish-American War

1898

WWI Breaks out in Europe

1914

WWI

1914 - 1918

Revolution in Mexico forces U.S. Troops to land in Vera Cruz

1914

Sinking of the Lusitania promps sharp response from U.S. to Germany

1915

Troops under John Pershing chase Pancho Villa in Mexico

1916

U.S. declares war on Germany and the Centeral Powers

1917

Non-Communist Revolution breaks out in Russia followed by Communist Revolution

1917

American forces in key battles at Belleau Wood the Adrennes, Armistice

1918

Japanese aggression in China

1932

Rape of Nanking by Japanese Troops

1937

U.S. Gunboat Panay sunk

1937

German expansion in Czechoslovakia

1938

Hitler invades Poland starting WWII

1939

France surrenders and is occupied

1940

Battle of Britain

1940

Germany defeats British and French in France

1940

Germany defeats British and French in France

1940

U.S, declares war on Axis Powers

1941

Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

U.S. And Britain invade North Africa

1942

Jimmy Doolittle bombs Tokyo

April 1942

Bataan Death March

April 9, 1942

Battles of Coral Sea

May 1942

Battle of Midway

June 1942

Invasion of France

June 6 1944

Battle of the Philippine Sea

June 19, 1944 - June 20, 1944

Paris liberated

August 25 1944

Battle of Leyte Gulf

October 1944

Battle of the Bugle

December 1944

Landings on Iwo Jima and Okinawa

1945

Cold War

1945 - 1991

Trinity Test of atomic bomb

1945

Germany surrenders

May 1945

Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki

August 9, 1945

Japan surrenders

August 12 1945

Iron Curtain speech by Winston Churchill

1946

Cold War begins

1946

Arms Race

1949

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

Soviets crush Hungarian uprising

1956

Soviets launch Sputnik

1957

Castro captures Cuba

1959

Soviet Union erects Berlin Wall

1961

Bay of Pigs Invasion in Cuba

April 17, 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Johnson sends combat troops to Vietnam

1965

Nixon withdraws last American troops from Vietnam

1973

Vietnam overrun by North Vietnamese

1975

Communist Pol Pot regime overruns Cambodia

1975

Iranians storm U.S. embassy in Tehran and take American captives

1979

Soviets put short-range in Western USSR aimed at Europe

1979

Soviets invade Afghanistan

1980

Iranian hostages freed

1981

Reagan and Margaret Thatcher decide to install short range missiles in Europe in response to Soviet SS-20s

1983

Marine Barracks Bombing in Lebanon

1983

Iran-contra Affair

1986 - 1987

Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty signed in Washington

December 9 1987

Hungary begins rolling up Iron Curtain

1988

Berlin Wall is torn down

1989

Gulf War

1990 - 1991

Iraq invades Kuwait

1990

Operation Desert Storm evicts Iraq from Kuwait

1991

Soviet Union collapses, replaced by Russia and independent states

1991

World Trade Center bombed by Al Qaeda

1993

Air War against Serbia

1998

Al Qaeda bombings of U.S. Embassies in Africa

1998

War on Terror

2001 - 2013

Al Qaeda evicted from Afghanistan, assets frozen

2001

Bush declares war on terror

2001

U.S. Invades Afghanistan and overthrows Taliban government friendly to Al Qaeda terrorists

2001

Muslim terrorist attack World Trade Center in NYC and Pentagon (9/11)

September 11 2001

"Axis of Evil" speech

2002

Al Quaeda bases in Afghanistan destroyed

2002

Baghdad captured

2003

Operation Iraqi Freedom

2003

Saddam Hussein's captured

December 13, 2003

New Iraqi government formed

2005

Iraqi ability to make WMDs is discovered

2005

Osama Bin Laden Shot by U.S. Navy SEALS

may 2 2011

Governmental & Political Events

Slavery Became Permanent

1619

First Navigation Act

1650

Bill of Rights

1688

George I's reign

1714 - 1727

George II's reign

1727 - 1760

Albany Congree

1754

George III Acedes to Throne

1760

Proclamation Line of 1763

1763

Stamp Act and Protest

1765

Tea Act

1773

First Continental Congress

1774

Intolerable Acts

1774

Washington Appointed Commander in Chief

1775

Declaration of Independence

1776

States Adopt Constitutions

1776

Articles of Confederation

1777

French Alliance

1778

Articles of Confederation Ratified

1781

Treaty of Paris

1783

Articles of Confederation Period

1783 - 1787

Ordinance of 1784

1784

Land Ordinance of 1785

1785

Jay-Gardoqui Treaty Rejected

1786

Virginia Religious Freedom Act

1786

Indian Ordinance of 1786

1786

Annapolis Convention

1786

Constitutional Convention

1787

Federalist Papers

1787

Northwest Ordinance

1787

Constitution Made Official

1788

George Washington Elected

1789

New Government Forms

1789

Congress Meets

1789

Hamilton Issued the Report on Public Credit

1790

Bank of the United States (BUS) Established

1791

Washington Begins 2nd Term

1793

Proclamation of Neutrality

1793

Jay's Treaty

1795

John Adams Elected President

1796

Washington's Farewell Address

1796

X, Y, Z, Affair

1798

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

Washington D.C. Becomes National Capitol

1800

Adam Appoints John Marshall and "Midnight Judges"

1801

Congress Narrowly Appoints Jefferson as President

1801

Congress Recalls Most "Midnight Judges"

1802

Marbury vs. Madison

1803

Louisiana Purchase

1803

Jefferson Reelected

1804

Embargo Act

1807

Burr Accused of Treason

1807

James Madison Elected President

1808

Congress Boycotts French and British Trade

1809

Fletcher vs. Peck

1810

BUS Charter Expires

1811

Madison Reelected

1812

Hartford Convention

1814

Treaty of Ghent Ends War

1814

James Monroe Elected President

1816

McColloch vs. Maryland

1819

Missouri Compromise

1819 - 1822

Adams-Onis Treaty

1819

Monroe Doctrine

1823

John Quincy Adams defeats Jackson in Election

1824

Tariff of Abominations

1828

Jackson Defeats Adams

1828

Nullification Crisis

1832

Worcester vs. Georgia

1832

BUS Abolished by Jackson

1832

Texas Independence

1836

Martin Van Buren Elected President

1836

Panic of 1837

1837

John Tyler Assumes Presidency

1841

Amistad Decision: Supreme Court frees African slave mutineers

1841

William Henry Harrison Elected President and Dies

1841

Polk Elected President

1844

James K. Polk pledges to annex both Oregon and Texas

1844

Texas Annexation

1845

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War

1848

Annexation of Oregon Territory and Southwest ( California, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah)

1848

Zachary Taylor elected President

1848

Fugitive Slave Law Passed

1850

Compromise of 1850

1850

California admitted as Free State

1850

Taylor dies in Office

1850

Millard Fillmore becomes President

1850

Franklin Pierce elected President

1852

Gadsen Purchase

1853

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Formation of Anti-Nebraska Party (later called the Republican Party)

1854

James Buchanan elected President

1856

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Lincoln-Douglass Debates

1858

Douglass issues Freeport Doctrine

1858

Senatorial Election in Illinois pits Stephen Douglass against Abraham Lincoln

1858

Abraham Lincoln (Republican) elected President without a single Southern vote

1860

South Carolina secedes from the Union

1860

Lincoln and Davis Inaugurated

1861

Upper South secedes from the Union

1861

Lower South secedes and forms the Confederacy

1861

Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation

1862

Homestead Act

1862

Morrill Act

1862

Emancipation Proclomation

1863

Lincoln re-elected

1864

Thirteenth Ammendment

1865

Lincoln assassinated

1865

Johnson assumes Presidency

1865

Radical Republicans emerge in Congress

1866

Purchase of Alaska

1867

Military Reconstruction Act

1867

Johnson Immpeachment Trial ends in Acquittal

1868

Grant elected President

1868

Fourteenth Ammendment

1868

Fifteenth Ammendment

1870

Credit Mobilier Scandal

1872

Panic of 1873

1873

Disputed Presidential election between Hayes and Tilden

1876

Hayes elected President

1877

Compromise of 1877

1877

Redeemers recapture Southern Governments

1877

Number of Black Republicans in the South declines

1877

Munn vs Illinois case

1877

Bland-Allison Act

1878

James A. Garfield elected President

1880

Garfield assassinated

1881

Chester A. Authur becomes President

1881

Edmunds Act

1882

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Pendleton Civil Service Act

1883

Mugwumps split from the Republican Party

1884

Grover Clevland elected President

1884

American Federation of Labor formed

1886

Dawes Severality Act

1887

Veto of the Seed Corn Bill

1887

Congress passes the Dependent Pension Act

1887

Interstate Commerce Acted

1887

Benjamin Harrison defeats Clevland for the Presidency

1888

Sherman Silver Purchase and Sherman Anti-trust Act passes

1890

McKinley Tariff passes

1890

Clevland defeats Harrison for the Presidency

1892

Strong showing by the Populist Party

1892

Panic of 1893

1893

Sherman Silver Purchase Act repealed

1893

J.P. Morgan lends U.S. Government gold to save it from Federal bankruptcy

1895

William McKinley Wins Presidency

1896

Frederick Jackson Turner declares frontier closed

1897

Open Door Note

1898

Hawaii Annexed

1898

McKinley Reelected

1900

Teddy Roosevelt Assumes Presidency

1901

McKinley Assassinated

1901

Northern Securities Suit

1902

Newlands Reclamation Act

1902

Acquisition of Panama Canal Zone

1903

Roosevelt Corollary

1904

Roosevelt Elected

1904

Taft Elected President

1908

Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy

1909 - 1912

Standard Oil Supreme Court Decision

1911

Teddy forms Bull Moose/Progressive Party

1912

Woodrow Wilson Elected President

1912

Sixteenth Amendment

1913

Seventeenth Ammendment

1913

Federal Reserve Act

1913

Clayton Act

1914

Wilson Reelected

1916

Zimmerman Telegram

1917

Versailles Peace Treaty ending WWI

1919

Eighteenth Ammendment

1919

Nineteenth Amendment (Women's Suffrage)

1920

U.S. Economy enters recession

1920

Prohibition

1920 - 1933

Warren Harding elected President

1920

Washington Conference

1921 - 1922

Harding dies in Office

1923

Calvin Coolidge assumes Presidency

1923

Coolidge Reelected

1924

Locarno Pact

1925

Kellogg-Briand Pact

1928

Herbert Hoover elected President

1928

Smoot - Hawley Tariff

1930

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

1930

Franklin Roosvelt elected President

1932

New Deal Passes

1933

Bank Holiday

1933

FDR takes nation off gold standard

1933

National Industrial Recovery Act

1933

Securities and Exchange Commision Established

1934

FDR reelected

1936

FDR elected again

1940

Lend Lease Act

1941

Republicans capture both House and Senate

1945

Truman assumes presidency

1945

FDR dies

April 12, 1945

Truman Doctrine

1947

Taft Hartley Act

1947

Marshall Plan

June 1947

Truman reelected

1948

NATO formed

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

1949

Dwight D. Eisenhower elected President

1952

Brown vs. Board of Education

1954

Ike reelected

1956

John F. Kennedy elected President

1960

Lyndon B. Johnson assumes Presidency

1963

JFK assassinated

1963

Civil Rights Act passed

1964

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

1964

Johnson reelected

1964

War on Poverty

1964

Richard Nixon elected President

1968

26th Amendment

1971

Watergate Scandal

1972 - 1974

Nixon reelected

1972

Nixon visits China

1972

Roe vs Wade

1973

General Ford assumes Presidency

1974

War Powers Act

1974

Nixon resigns

1974

Jimmy Carter elected President

1976

Camp David Accords

1978

Ronald Reagan elected President

1980

Raegan fires air traffic controllers

1981

Reagan shot and nearly killed by John Hinckley

1981

Reaganomic tax cuts

1981

Economic recovery begins thanks to tax cuts

1983

"Star Wars" speech

1983

Geneva Conference

1985

George H. W. Bush elected President

1988

Bush breaks his promise and raises taxes

1990

Bush announces Operation Desert Shield

1990

Bill Clinton elected President

1992

Hillarycare bill repealed

1993

Travelgate

1993

Clinton's Whitewater Scandal

1994

Clinton reelected

1996

Clinton Impeached

1998

Lewinsky Scandal breaks

1998

Senate acquits Clinton

1999

George W. Bush elected President

2000

GOP wins historic election

2002

George W. Bush reelected

2004

Republicans overtake House and Senate

2004

Congress debates illegal immigration

2006

Influential Events in America and Across the World

Columbus' Four Voyages

1492 - 1504

John Brown's raid at Harper Ferry, Virginia

1559

Roanoke Colony Fails

1585 - 1587

Jamestown, Virginia Founded

1607

First Africans arrive in Virginia

1619

Pilgrims Found Plymouth, Massachusetts

1620

Puritan Migration to Massachusetts

1630

Calverts Found Maryland

1634

Anne Hutchinson Convicted of Heresy

1638

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Pennsylvania Settled

1682

English Glorious Revolution

1688

Massachusetts Becomes Royal Colony

1691

Salem Witch Hunts

1692

England, Scotland, and Wales become United Kingdom

1707

Carolina Split

1729

Communalism Began

1732

Georgia Founded

1733

First Great Awakening

1734

Boston Massacre

1770

Boston Tea Party

1773

Paine's "Common Sense"

1776

Shay's Rebellion

1786

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Cotton Gin Patented

1793

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Lewis and Clark Expedition

1803

Aaron Burr Kills Alexander Hamilton

1804

African Slave Trade Ends

1808

First Steamboat on Ohio and Mississippi Rivers

1811

Second Great Awakening

1815 - 1860

Andrew Jackson Seizes Florida from Spain

1818

American Fur Company establishes Fort Union on Missouri River

1823

Cherokee Trail of Tears

1838

First Orgeon Wagon Trail

1843

Mormon Exodus to Utah

1846 - 1847

Thomas Edison

1847 - 1931

Declaration of Sentiments

1848

Gold Rush begins

1849

Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Butterfield Overland Stage provides passenger and Mail route to California

1857

Comstock Lode discovered

1859

Pony Express begins

1860

Cattle Kingdom reaches it's peak

1865 - 1884

Ku Klux Klan founded

1866

Grange Movement begins

1867

Development of Transcontinental Railroads

1869

First Phone Call

1876

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain

1876

Great Railway Strike

1877

Knight of Labor Formed

1878

Haymarket Riot

1886

Pullman Strike

1894

Alaskan Gold Rush

1896

The Virginian by Owen Wister Introduces Wild West Genre

1902

Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright fly the first motor-driven airplane

1903

"The Great Train Robbery" first movie with plot

1903

Charismatic Pentacostal movement in LA

1905

Model T invented

1908

First Radio Brodcast

1920

Upheaval in Germany

1923 - 1924

Near Collapse of Weimar Republic

1923 - 1924

"The Jazz Singer" first talkie

1927

Stock Market Crash

1929

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Bank Collapse

1930 - 1932

Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

January 30, 1933

U.S. unemployment soars again

1938

"Golden Year" for Cinema

1939

Communists take control of China

1949

SEATO is formed

1954

Space Race

1957 - 1975

I Have a Dream Speech

August 28, 1963

Hippie Movement

1966 - 1969

Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy assassinated

1968

U.S. lands man on moon

1969

Oil Crisis

1973 - 1974

BASIC computer language invented by Bill Gates

1975

Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak invent the first personal computer

1976

Rodney King beating

1992

Church in Waco destroyed by FBI and ATF agents

1993

Oklahoma City Bombing

1995

Economy begins to slow

2000

Hurricane Katrina hits Gulf Coast

2005

Masses of illegal immigrants pour into major cities

2006