Biblical History Timeline (800 B.C. to 400 A.D.)

Events Influencing the Gospel of Matthew


Assyrian Deportation of Northern Tribes of Israel

722 B.C.

Samaria falls and Judah stands alone.

Babylonian Deportation of Judah

Approx. 606 B.C. - Approx. 586 B.C.

There were a series of 3 exiles with the final occurring after the destruction of Jerusalem. There was a permanent renunciation of idolatry.

Conquests of Alexander the Great

Approx. 331 B.C. - Approx. 320 B.C.

Alexander was tolerant of the Jewish people and gave them a large amount of autonomy during his reign. The Jews showed him Daniel's prophecy during his first incursion into Palestine.

Sanhedrin Active

Approx. 200 B.C. - 358 A.D.

Antiochus IV Epiphanes Desicrates the Temple

168 B.C.

Antioches was a madman. Reaction to his reign sparked the Maccabean revolts during which the Jews had a brief period of self-rule.

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, Zealots

Approx. 167 B.C. - Approx. 135 A.D.

Pharisees were keepers of the law and middle class. Sadducees were aristocracy who did not believe in the resurrection of the dead. Essenes most likely withdrew to Qumran and the Zealots wanted to fight Rome.

Reign of Caesar Augustus

27 B.C. - 14 A.D.

Augustus was Roman ruler at the time of Christ's birth.

Pax Romana

27 B.C. - 180 A.D.

Allowed for a stable world with good infrastructure to spread the Gospel.

Reign of Tiberius

14 A.D. - 37 A.D.

Tiberius ruled at the time of Christ's crucifixion.

Gospel of Matthew Written

Approx. 40 A.D. - Approx. 70 A.D.

There is much debate about this range. Most likely written in mid 50's to early 60's.

Reign of Nero

54 A.D. - 68 A.D.

Peter and Paul were executed during the reign of this hater of Christians.

Destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem

70 A.D.

As a result of a revolt sparked in 68 A.D. Rome responded with the destruction of the temple.

Reign of Domitian

81 A.D. - 96 A.D.

The apostle John most likely wrote the book of Revelation during his exile on Patmos during Domitian's time on the throne.