Period 3 timeline


First Bubonic Plaque pandemic

Approx. 501 BC

The first bubonic plague pandemic was in the Byzantine empire during the 6th century. Later it spread to Europe where around 25 million people died. The plague traveled when rats were infected by insects and transmitted it to humans by bite or an infected flea. Connects to 3.2


Approx. 570 - Approx. 632

Muhammad is the founder of Islam. He married a business women Khadija, she was 15 years older then Muhammad. He had begun to spend time on the problems of Mecca where religious principles were degraded and the city was in a state of unrest. Connects to 3.1

Sui dynasty

Approx. 581 - Approx. 618

During the Sui the nation was unified and there were economic and political advancements. The society was stable and peaceful which encouraged development. The grand canal was built during this period to connect the northern and southern parts of the dynasty. Not only did it help with communication but exchange of culture and trade. Connects to 3.1

Tang Dynasty

Approx. 618 - Approx. 907

Under emperor Taizong was a wise governor, the economy flourished, social order was stable, and corruption never existed in the court. Connects to 3.3

Umayyad Dynasty

Approx. 661 - Approx. 750

The Umayyad dynasty was the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the Caliphate. The Syrian armies were the basis of the Umayyads strength, this united the dynasty which lead to greater control and conquering. Connects to 3.2

Silla Dynasty

Approx. 668 - Approx. 935

The Silla dynasty unified the three kingdoms of Korea. It also had an alliance with the T'ang dynasty of China. Connects to 3.1

Nara Period

Approx. 710 - Approx. 794

During the Nara period imperial government, Sinicization, and Buddhism were most developed. Nara was Japans first capital and was formed to be like Ch'ang-an. Networks of roads connected the capital to many remote provinces. Connects to 3.2

Kingdom of Ghana

Approx. 750 - Approx. 1076

The kingdom of Ghana was so rich the animals got luxury items. The dogs would get gold collars and the horses had silk robe halters and slept on plush carpet. The empire was sitting on a gold mine. The abundant amount of resources allowed Ghana to flourish in trade. Connects to 3.1

Abbasid Dynasty

Approx. 750 - Approx. 1258

The Abbasid dynasty is the second of the Muslim empires. In its early years it was the largest empire in the world. With the empire so big it had connections to Chinese and Indians in the east and the Byzantines in the west. Connects to 3.1

Reign Of Charlemagne

Approx. 768 - Approx. 814

He was the emperor of western Europe from 768 to 814. He then became the ruler of the franks in 711. He wanted to unite all Germanic people into one kingdom and convert all his people to Christianity. He was a good military strategist and was crowed emperor of the Roman empire. Connects to 3.2

Heian Period

Approx. 794 - Approx. 1185

During this period the court was relieved with a long period of peace. the imperial court had the highest political authority in the land. Connects to 3.3

Kingdom of Angkor

Approx. 802 - Approx. 1432

The kingdom of Angkor was established by King Jayavarman II in 802 in Cambodia. Connects to 3.1

Song Dynasty

Approx. 960 - Approx. 1279

The Song dynasty was split into the northern song (960-1127) and the southern song (1127-1279). This period was considered another golden age after the Tang. The Northern Song was founded by Zhao Kuangyin who was also a military general for the Zhou. The Southern Song was set up by Zhao Gou, son of the last emperor of Northern Song.

Schism Between east and west Christian Church

Approx. 1054 - Approx. 1965

The split was when Pope Leo the second crowned Charlemagne the Franks king. They saw it as a slap to the Eastern empire. The relationship between the east and west deteriorated until the actual split in 1054. The eastern church became the Greek Orthodox church. Connects to 3.1

Norman Invasion Of England

Approx. 1066 - Approx. 1088

Began with invasion of England by William the Conqueror in 1066. He won in the Battle of Hastings over King Harold the 2nd. By 1071 William secured control over most of England even though rebellions and revolts continued till 1088. Connects to 3.3

First Crusade

Approx. 1096 - Approx. 1099

The first crusade was an attempt to recapture Jerusalem after the Muslims captured it. In 1095 Urban spoke to a crowd at Clermont in France. He called for a war against the Muslims to recapture Jerusalem. Connects to 3.3

Reign of Genghis Khan

Approx. 1162 - Approx. 1227

He formed the largest land empire in history. He united Mongol tribes on the Mongolian plateau and conquered large areas of central Asia and China. Controlled an area the size of Africa and many deaths occurred in the invasions of Genghis Khan. But he gave religious freedom and got rid of torture all together. He also encouraged trade and formed the first international postal system. Connects to 3.3

Fourth Crusade

Approx. 1202 - Approx. 1204

In 1200AD the Pope asked rulers of Europe to participate in a 4th crusade in taking Jerusalem back from the Ayyubids who ruled there. In 1204 the crusaders attacked Constantinople and sacked the city. The crusaders never went to Jerusalem or fought the Ayyubid. Instead they took the piles of money and jewels and gold that they had captured in the sack of Constantinople and they went home.

Mongol conquest of China

Approx. 1205 - Approx. 1279

Kublai Khan had established the Yuan dynasty that crushed the Song. Which made all of China under the rule of the Mongols or the Yuan dynasty. Connects to 3.3

Sultanate Of Delhi

Approx. 1210 - Approx. 1526

Founded after Muhammad of Ghor defeated Prithvi Raj capturing Delhi in 1192. In 1206 one of his general proclaimed himself the sultan of Delhi and founded a line of rulers called the slave dynasty. Some of the other sultans succeeded were originally military slaves. Connects to 3.3

Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

Approx. 1220 - Approx. 1450

When the first people came to settle the land had many possibilities. There were fertile plains to support agriculture, many mineral rich areas filled with gold, iron, copper, and tin for trading and crafting. They started as simple farming communities but build to more complex societies. Connects to 3.1

Mali Empire

Approx. 1235 - Approx. 1610

The Mali Empire was the second on the three empires in west Africa to come in the grasslands. It was the beginning of small successful trading centers. As the empire expanded into the area between the Atlantic and Lake Chad to become 1800miles. The largest empire in the world. Connects to 3.1

Reign of Kublai Khan

Approx. 1260 - Approx. 1294

The grandson of Genghis Khan and the founder of the Mongol empire. He was the emperor of china. He became the overlord in all Mongol domination's as well as his own land in China. Connects to 3.3

Marco Polo's Trip to China

Approx. 1271 - Approx. 1295

He was a merchant who traveled between Europe and Asia. There journeys brought them to China where they joined diplomatic missions to the court of Kublai Khan. Connects to 3.2

Yuan Dynasty

Approx. 1271 - Approx. 1368

In 1204 Genghis Khan united all the Mongol tribes and created the Mongol empire. But when Kublai Khan Genghis's grandson ascended the throne of the Mongol empire in became the Yuan dynasty. Connects to 3.1

Ibn Battuta's Journey

Approx. 1304 - Approx. 1369

His journey was from 1325- 1354. He was a Moroccan explorer. He visited most of the known Islamic world and many non-Muslim lands. He went to North Africa, West Africa, Eastern Europe, to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China. He is considered one of the greatest travelers of all time. Connects to 3.2

Reign of Mansa Musa

Approx. 1312 - Approx. 1337

Mansa Musa was the 14th ruler of the Mali empire. He made a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 which introduced him to rulers in the Middle East and in Europe. He was Muslim traditionalist and was the first Muslim ruler in West Africa to make a 4000 mile journey to Mecca. Connects to 3.1


Approx. 1336 - Approx. 1406

He was a feared conqueror. He would destroy ancient cities and put entire populations to the sword. He was a great patron of the arts, literature, and architecture. Connects to 3.3

Hundred years war

Approx. 1337 - Approx. 1453

The conflict between the kings and kingdoms France and England. The cause of the conflict was when s of the duchy of Guyenne it belonged to the kings of England, but it remained a fief of the French crown, and the kings of England wanted independent possession. Then as the closest relatives of the last direct Capetian king, the kings of England from 1337 claimed the crown of France. France freed itself from the English invaders at the end of the war. Connects to 3.3

Ming Dynasty

Approx. 1368 - Approx. 1644

During the Ming Dynasty China had great cultural and political influence on East Asia, the Turks to the west, as well as on Vietnam and Myanmar to the south. The Ming Dynasty was founded by Zhu Yuanzhang. This dynasty incorporated the Song policies about relying on the literati in managing state affairs. Connects to 3.1

Zheng He Expeditions

Approx. 1405 - Approx. 1433

He commanded voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa. Connects to 3.2

Inca Empire

Approx. 1438 - Approx. 1532

The Inca Empire were South American Indians who during the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands. Inca established their capital at Cuzco (Peru) in the 12th century. Then they began their conquests in the early 15th century and within 100 years had gained control of a population of about 12,000,000 people. Connects to 3.3