History Timeline

Inventions

Art, music, & literature

Ludwig van Beethoven is born

12/16/1770

15 December 1770 – 26 March 1827 Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by Christian Gottlob Neefe. During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and befriended Joseph Haydn. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Haydn, quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. In about 1800 his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. He gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from this period.

Wiki

Ludwig van Beethoven dies

March 26, 1827

Political Events

French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

Boston Massacre

03/05/1770

Boston Tea Party

12/01/1773

American Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent - See more here

Declaration of Independence written

1776

Britian and Amarica sign Treaty of Paris

Sept, 1783

The Treaty of Paris was signed nearly two years after the Battle at Yorktown. What took so long?

After the Battle of Yorktown, Britain's King George III did not think he could win the war anymore, but he still did not want to give the American colonists independence from Great Britain.

Three representatives were sent from America to Great Britain to work out the terms of the peace treaty. Those men were John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin. It took them a great deal of time and discussion to finally convince King George III that America would not sign a peace treaty, ending the Revolutionary War, until that treaty included American independence from Great Britain.

And, it took time and discussion to work out the other details of the treaty, if not to the satisfaction, at least to the acceptance of the other parties involved who had fought on the side of the American colonists - the French, the Spanish, and the Dutch, each of whom had their own national interests.

Finally, in September 1783, the Treaty of Paris was ratified.

For America, The Treaty of Paris accomplished:

  1. END OF WAR: The official end of the Revolutionary War

  2. NEW GOVERNMENT: This treaty gave the colonies their independence from Great Britain. The 13 states were free to make their own rules and create their own state and national government without British interference.

  3. MORE LAND: The British gave America all the land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River, and from Canada to the north and Florida to the south. Land that Parliament had "reserved" for the Indian nations would now be open for settlement.

  4. REMOVAL OF BRITISH MILITARY: The British army and navy agreed to leave all American territories.

  5. FREE TRADE: British Parliament had passes many laws to control trade in the American colonies. These laws were repealed, and American colonists were free to trade with whomever they chose.

French Revolution

1787 - 1799

French Revolution, also called Revolution of 1789, the revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789. Hence the conventional term “Revolution of 1789,” denoting the end of the ancien régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848.

Constitution is ratified

06/21/1788

States

Vermont

1791

Kentucky

1792

Tennessee

1796

U.S. Presidents

(1st Pres.) George Washington is born

02/22/1732

Augustus "Gus" Washington, George's father, married Jane Butler, and they had 3 children: Jane, Lawrence, and Augustine Jr. Jane died in 1729, and , soon after her death, Gus married 23 year old Mary Ball. George was born to Gus and Mary in Feb. 1732, followed by a sister, Betty, in 1733, and brothers Samuel, John Augustine, and Charles in 1734,1736, & 1738. Anothr girl, Mildred, was born in 1739 but died the following year.


Site with list of facts from Washington's life

(2nd Pres.)John Adams is born

10/19/1735

Adams, the eldest of three sons, was born on October 30, 1735 (October 19, 1735 Old Style, Julian calendar), in what is now Quincy, Massachusetts (then called the "north precinct" of Braintree, Massachusetts), to John Adams, Sr., and Susanna Boylston Adams. Adams's birthplace is now part of Adams National Historical Park. His father (1691–1761) was a fifth-generation descendant of Henry Adams, who emigrated from Somerset in England to Massachusetts Bay Colony in about 1638. The elder Adams, the descendant of Puritans, continued in this religious tradition by serving as a Congregationalist deacon; he also farmed and served as a lieutenant in the militia. Further he served as a selectman, or town councilman, and supervised the building and planning of schools and roads. Adams commonly praised his father and indicated that he and his father were very close when he was a child.
Facts about John Adams

(1st Pres.) Washington's father, Augustine "Gus", dies.

04/12/1743

Augustine Washington dies. Washington's half brother, Lawrence inherits most of his father's choicest property.
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(3rd Pres.) Thomas Jefferson is born

04/13/1743

(1st Pres.) Washington surveys Shenandoah Vallley

1748

(4th) James Madison is born on March 16.

1751

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(1st Pres.) Washington goes to Barbados

1751

George Washington House

In 1751, Washington and his half brother Lawrence took a ship to the island of Barbados hoping that the tropics might help Lawrence, who was now very ill with tuberculosis. (This was the only ocean crossing taken by George Washington during his lifetime; his other future travels did not extend beyond the wide borders of the future United States of America). In his diary, Washington writes of how they searched for suitable lodging and settled on the house of Captain Croftain, Commander of James Fort, despite the fact that they thought the rent to be extravagantly deer, 15 pounds per month. While there George Washington became sick with smallpox; although he suffered some scarring on his face, his survival meant he was immune to other attacks. Smallpox would be the cause of the most deaths during the American Revolutionary War, and more people died of disease than of battle wounds.[13]

(1st Pres.) Washington's half brother Lawrence dies.

1752

Lawrence Washington died of tuberculosis at his Mount Vernon home, in July 1752. His widow Anne remarried into the Lee family shortly thereafter. Twenty-year-old George lived at, and managed, the Mount Vernon plantation. Upon the death of Lawrence's widow Anne, George Washington inherited the estate at Mount Vernon.

(1st Pres.) Washington is appointed major

11/01/1752

(1st Pres.) Washington kills French diplomat

1754

(1st Pres.) Washington serves in French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's father, Peter Jefferson, dies.

1757

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(5th Pres.) James Monroe is born

1758

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Adams practices law in Braintree

1758

(1st Pres.) Washington marries Martha

01/22/1759

Martha Dandridge Custis was previously married to Daniel Parke Custis in 1749. Custis was the son of a wealthy Virginia landowner, who left most of his estate to him. Martha gave birth to John "Jackie" Parke Custis in 1754, and Martha "Patsy" Parke Custis in 1755. When Daniel died, she became of the wealthiest single women in Virginia.

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson attends Williams and Mary College

1760

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson begins to study law with George Wythe.

1762

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(4th) Madison begins his schooling.

1762

Adams marries Abigail Smith

10/25/1764

Adams first daughter,"Nabby" is born

1765

(7th Pres) Andrew Jackson born

March 15, 1767

Jackson was born on March 15, 1767. His parents were Scots-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Presbyterians who had emigrated from Ireland two years earlier.[1][2] Jackson's father was born in Carrickfergus, County Antrim, in current-day Northern Ireland, around 1738.[3] Jackson's parents lived in the village of Boneybefore, also in County Antrim.

When they emigrated to America in 1765, Jackson's parents probably landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They would have traveled overland down through the Appalachian Mountains to the Scots-Irish community in the Waxhaws region, straddling the border between North and South Carolina.[4] They brought two children from Ireland, Hugh (born 1763) and Robert (born 1764).

Jackson's father died in an accident in February 1767, at the age of 29, three weeks before his son Andrew was born in the Waxhaws area. His exact birth site is unclear because he was born about the time his mother was making a difficult trip home from burying Jackson's father. The area was so remote that the border between North and South Carolina had not been officially surveyed.

Wki

John Quincy Adams is born

07/11/1767

Adams daughter Susanna is born

1768

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected to the House of Burgesses in Virginia

1768

Jefferson also starts building Monticello.

(4th) Madison goes to the College of New Jersey, later known as Princeton University.

1769

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Adams daughter Susanna dies

1770

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson marries Martha Wayles Skelton.

1772


Also, their daughter, Martha "Patsy" is born.

(1st Pres.) Washington attends First Continental Congress

1774

Prayerfully seeking God's guidance for our country

(5th Pres.) Monroe enrolls in the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia.

1774

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(3rd) Jefferson's daughter Jane Randolph is born.

1774

(3) Jefferson writes A Summary View of the Rights of British America.

1774

(4) Madison is selected to the committee of safety in Orange County, Virginia.

1774

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected to the Continental Congress

1775

Sadly, his daughter, Jane Randolph, dies this same year.

(1st Pres.) Washington is Commander in Chief of Continental Army during the American Revolution

1775 - 1783

(5th Pres.) The Revolutionary War begins in April. Seventeen-year-old Monroe volunteers in a Virginia infantry regiment.

1775

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(1st Pres.) Washington attends Second Continental Congress

1775

(4th) The Battles of Lexington and Concord mark the beginning of the Revolutionary War.

1775

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(5th Pres.) Monroe fights in Battles of Harlem Heights, White Plains, and Trenton. He was seriously wounded in the Battle of Trenton.

1776

The Battle of Trenton.

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(4th) Madison joins the Virginia General Assembly, the state's legislative body.

1776

(5th Pres.) Monroe and his regiment join General George Washington's Continental Army in New York.

1776

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(5th Pres.) The Declaration of Independence is adopted on July 4th.

1776

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected to Virginia House of Delegates and drafts Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom.

1776

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson writes a draft of the Declaration of Independence.

1776

Jefferson's mother, Jane Randolph Jefferson, dies.

(4th) The Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.

1776

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(1st Pres.) Washington captures 900 prisoners at Trenton

12/26/1776

(5th Pres.) Monroe fights in the Battles of Brandywine Creek and Germantown, Pennsylvania and spends the winter at Valley Forge with Washington's army.

1777

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(3rd Pres.) An unnamed son is born to Martha and Thomas Jefferson but he dies shortly after birth.

1778

(4th) Working first with Virginia governor Patrick Henry and then Governor Thomas Jefferson, Madison works on the Council of State.

1778

Patrick Henry (left) and Thomas Jefferson (right)

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's daughter, Mary (also known as Maria or Polly) is born

1778

(5th Pres.) Monroe serves in the Battle of Monmouth and as a scout for General Washington.

1778

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected governor of Virginia

1779

(7th Pres.) Andrew Jackson oldest brother, Hugh, dies, Andrew and brother Robert are captured and mistreated by British troops.

June 20, 1779 - April 27, 1781

During the Revolutionary War, Jackson, at age thirteen, informally helped the local militia as a courier. His eldest brother, Hugh, died from heat exhaustion during the Battle of Stono Ferry, on June 20, 1779. Jackson and his brother Robert were captured by the British and held as prisoners; they nearly starved to death in captivity. When Jackson refused to clean the boots of a British officer, the officer slashed at the youth with a sword, leaving Jackson with scars on his left hand and head, as well as an intense hatred for the British. While imprisoned, the brothers contracted smallpox.
Robert Jackson died on April 27, 1781, a few days after their mother Elizabeth secured the brothers' release.

(5th Pres.) Governor Thomas Jefferson accepts Monroe as a law student.

1780

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(1st Pres.) Washington betrayed by General Benedict Arnold

1780

Madison joins the Continental Congress in Philadelphia.

1780

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, is born

1780

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's youngest daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, dies

1781

(5th Pres.) The Revolutionary War ends.

1781

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(1st Pres.) Washington defeats Cornwallis

10/19/1781

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson writes Notes on the State of Virginia.

1782


Another daughter, named Lucy Elizabeth after her sister, is born. However, Jefferson's wife Martha dies this same year.

(5th Pres.) Virginians elect Monroe to the Virginia House of Delegates.

1782

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The United States and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the Revolutionary War.

1783

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(5th Pres.) The House of Delegates elects Monroe to represent Virginia in the Confederation Congress. He serves for three years.

1783

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson is elected a delegate to Congress.

1783

(1st Pres.) Washington returns to Mount Vernon

1784 - 1787

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson serves in France as commissioner and then minister.

1784

His youngest daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, dies this year; following her sister with the same name.

(5th Pres.) Monroe marries Elizabeth Kortright of New York. They move to Fredericksburg, Virginia, were Monroe practces law.

1786

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(5th Pres.) Monroe's daughter Eliza is born.

1786

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(1st Pres.) Washington presides at Constitutional Convention

1787

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson's book, Notes on the States of Virginia, is published.

1787

Madison attends the Constitutional Convention, presenting his blueprint for the Constitution known as the Virginia Plan (adopted in September of that year)

1787

(5th Pres.) Monroe is elected again to Virginia's House of Delegates.

1787

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(4th) Madison takes a seat in the new U.S. Congress.

1789

(1st Pres.) Washington becomes 1st President (serves 2 terms)

04/30/1789 - 09/19/1797

(4th) Madison first splits with Hamilton over Hamilton's financial plans.

1790

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson serves as first U.S. secretary of state

1790

(5th Pres.) Monroe is elected to the U.S. Senate and moves to the temporary capital in Philadelphia.

1790

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(4th) Madison helps persuade Washington to run for a second term as president.

1792

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(5th Pres.) President George Washington appoints Monroe U.S. minister to France. The Monroes arrive in Paris in the summer.

1794

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(1st Pres.) Washington declines to run for 3rd term

1796

(4th) Madison breaks with the president, criticizing him during a battle over the Jay Treaty.

1796

(1st Pres.) Washington retires to Mount Vernon

1797

John Adams becomes 2nd President (serves 1 term)

1797 - 1801

(3rd Pres.) Jefferson serves as vice president to President John Adams

1797 - 1801

(4th) Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd.

1798

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(4th) Madison protests the Alien and Sedition Acts.

1798

(5th pres.) The Monroes' second child, James Spence, is born.

1799

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(5th Pres.) Monroe is elected governor of Virginia.

1799

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(1st Pres.) Washington dies

12/14/1799

On Thursday, December 12, 1799, Washington spent several hours inspecting his plantation on horseback, in snow, hail, and freezing rain—later that evening eating his supper without changing from his wet clothes.[145] That Friday he awoke with a severe sore throat and became increasingly hoarse as the day progressed, yet still rode out in the heavy snow, marking trees on the estate that he wanted cut. Sometime around 3 a.m. that Saturday, he suddenly awoke with severe difficulty breathing and almost completely unable to speak or swallow.[145] A firm believer in bloodletting, a standard medical practice of that era which he had used to treat various ailments of enslaved Africans on his plantation, he ordered estate overseer Albin Rawlins to remove half a pint of his blood. A total of three physicians were sent for, including Washington's personal physician Dr. James Craik[146] along with Dr. Gustavus Brown and Dr. Elisha Dick. Craik and Brown thought that Washington had what they diagnosed as "quinsey" or "quincy", while Dick, the younger man, thought the condition was more serious or a "violent inflammation of the throat". [147] By the time the three physicians had finished their treatments and bloodletting of the President, there had been a massive volume of blood loss—half or more of his total blood content being removed over the course of just a few hours.[145][148][149] Recognizing that the bloodletting and other treatments were failing, Dr. Dick proposed performing an emergency tracheotomy, a procedure that few American physicians were familiar with at the time, as a last-ditch effort to save Washington's life, but the other two doctors rejected this proposal.
Washington died at home around 10 p.m. on Saturday, December 14, 1799, aged 67. In his journal, Lear recorded Washington's last words as being "'Tis well."

(4th) Madison helps Thomas Jefferson in his bid for president. The election ends in a tie, broken by the Federalist-controlled Congress.

1800

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(5th Pres.) Gabriel's Rebellion, a slave revolt, is discovered and thwarted. James Spence dies.

1800

!//figures.boundless.com/7237/large/wantedpostergabriel.jpe!

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Jeferson becomes 3rd President (seves 2 terms)

1801 - 1809

(4th) Thomas Jefferson appoints Madison secretary of state.

1801

(4th) Madison helps arrange purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France.

1803

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(3rd Pres.) Jefferson approves purchase of the Louisiana Purchase from France

1803

(5th Pres.) Maria Hester, a second daughter, is born.

1803

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(5th Pres.) Monroe runs for president against Madison and loses.

1810

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(19th) Rutherford B. Hayes is born in Delaware, Ohio, on October 4.

1822

(19th) Hayes older brother, Lorenzo, dies at the age of nine.

1825

Thomas Jefferson Dies

1826

(21st Pres.) Chester Alen Arthur is born on October 5.

1829

(20th Pres.) James Garfild is born.

1831

(20th Pres.) Garfild's father dies.

1833

(23 Pres.) Benjamin Harrison is born.

1833

(21st Pres.) Arthur's family moves to New York State.

1835

Arther's father helps start the New York Anti-Slavery Society.

(19th) Hayes attends Norwalk Seminary, a boarding school in Norwalk, Ohio.

1836

(19th) Hayes attends Isaac Webb's Preparatory School in Middletown, Connecticut.

1837

(22nd Pres.) Stephen Grover Cleveland is born on March 18th

1837

(19th) Hayes enrolls in Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in November

1838

(23 Pres.) Benjamin starts school.

1838

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland's family moves to Fayetteville, New York.

1841

(19th) Hayes graduates from Kenyon Collage and studies law at a firm in Columbus, Ohio.

1842

(25 Pres.) William McKinley is born.

1843

(19th) Hayes enters Harvard Law School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1843

(19th) Hayes graduates from Harvard Law School and moves to Lower Sandusky, Ohio, where he establishes a law practice.

1845

(21st Pres.) Arthur begins classes at Union Collage in Schenectady, New York.

1845

(19th) Hayes meets Lucy Ware Webb, a collage student from Chillicothe, Ohio

1847

(23 Pres.) Benjamin moves to Cincinnati to attend Farmers College.

1847

(20th Pres.) James Garfild becomes a canal boy on the Evening Star.

1848

(21st Pres.) Arthur graduates from Union Collage, studying law and working as a schoolmaster.

1848

(19th) On Christmas Eve, Hayes moves to Cincinnati, where he sets up a new law practice.

1849

(20th Pres.) Garfild begins classes at Geauga Academy.

1849

(20th Pres.) Garfild starts preaching.

1850

(23 Pres.) Benjamin's mother dies.

1850

(21st Pres.) Aurther becomes principal of a school in North Pownal, Vermont.

1851

(19th Pres.) In February, Hayes serves as defense attorney for accused murderer Nancy Farrer. His work in that case helps cement his reputation as an up-and-coming lawyer. Hayes marries Lucy Webb

1852

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(23rd Pres.) Harrison graduates from Miami University.

1852

(25 Pres.) William attends Poland Academy.

1852

(19th Pres.) Lucy gives birth to the Hayeses' first child, a boy named Birchard. Hayes and other Cincinnati attorneys from the law firm of Corwine, Hayes, and Rogers.

1853

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(22nd Pres.) Cleveland takes a job at the New York Institution for the Blind.

1853

Cleveland's father, Richard Falley Cleveland, died earlier this year.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison marries Caroline Scott in Oxford, Ohio.

1853


Harrison's father, John Harrison, is also elected to the U.S. Congress.

(20th Pres.) Garfild enters Williams College.

1854

(21st Pres.) Arthur becomes a lawyer in New York City.

1854

(23rd Pres.) Harrison becomes a practicing attorney

1854

The Harrison's first child, Russell Benjamin Harrison, is born.

(19th Pres.) Hayes Participates in the formation of the Republican Party in Ohio.

1855

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(21st Pres.) Arthur defends Elizabeth Jennings and starts working on the Lemmon case.

1855

Elizabeth Jennings was an African American teacher who was forced off a whites-only streetcar in New York City. Angered at this action, African American leaders in the city hired Arthur's law firm to handle the case, which was later won.

Later, eight slaves escaped to Jonathan Lemmon's house, and Lemmon refused to turn them over when they were to be brought back. This started the Lemmon case, with southerners outraged when the court let the slaves go.

(22nd Pres.) With the help of an uncle, Cleveland starts studying law in Buffalo, New York.

1855

(28th Pres.) Thomas Woodrow Wilson is born on December 28 in Staunton, Virginia.

1856

(19th Pres.) A second son, Webb, is born in March Hayes's sister, Fanny, dies.

1856

(20th Pres.) Garfild graduates from Williams and joins the faculty at Eclectic Institute.

1856

(21st Pres.) Arthur travels to Kansus teritory to support antislavery forces.

1856

(23rd Pres.) Harrison joins the newly formed Republican party.

1856

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's sister, Abigail Gratia Coolidge, is born.

1857

(20th Pres.) Garfild becomes president of Eclectic Institute.

1857

(23rd Pres.) Harrison is elected Indianapolis city attorney.

1857

(19th Pres.) A third son, named Rutherford, is born in June. in December Hayes becomes the city solicitor (lawyer) of Cincinnati.

1858

(20th Pres.) Garfield marries Lucretia "Crete" Rudolph on November 11.

1858

(23rd Pres.) Harrison becomes the Indiana Republican Party secretary.

1858

The Harrison's second child, Mary Scott Harrison, is born.

(26th Pres.) Theadore Roosevelt is born on October 27

1858

(21st Pres.) Aurther marries Ellen Lewis Herndon on October 25.

1859

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(20th Pres.) Garfield is elected to hte Ohio Senate.

1859

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland begins work as a lawyer at the age of 22.

1859

(25 Pres.) McKinley attends Allegheny College.

1860

(19th Pres.) Abraham Lincoln is elected as sixteenth president of the United States. In response, South Carolina becomes the first of eleven states to secede from the Union and from the Confederacy.

1860

(20th Pres.) Garfield's first daughter, Elizabeth "Trot" Garfield is born

1860

(21 Pres.) William Lewis Herndon Arthur is born on December 10.

1860

(21st Pres.) Carolina seccedes from the Union. The Civil War begins.

1860 - 1861

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(23rd Pres.) Harrison wins his first statewide election, becoming the Indiana surpreme court reporter.

1860

(28th Pres.) The Civil War begins, Wilson is four years old.

1861

(19th Pres.) The Civil War begins. Hayes joins the Union army. In September Hayes engages in battle at Carnifex Ferry in western Virginia.

1861

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes a lawyer and volunteers for the Union Army, soon leading troops in Kentucky and Tennessee.

1861

(22nd Pres.) the American Civil War rages over the issues with slavery and preserving the Union.

1861 - 1865

(25 Pres.) McKinly Joins the 23rd Regiment.

1861

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to second lieutenant.

1862

(20th Pres.) Garfield is elected to the U.S. House of Representitives.

1862

(21st Pres.) Arther is named inpector general and then quartermaster general in the New York State militia.

1862

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland is elected as a Democratic ward supervisor in Buffalo.

1862

Later this year, he also becomes assistant district attorney in Erie county, New York.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison becomes a second lieutenant, later a colonel, with the Seventieth Indiana Volunteer Regiment.

1862

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to first lieutenant.

1863

(20th Pres.) Garfield is promoted to major general.

1863

His first son, Harry Garfield, is born on October 11, but his daughter "Trot" dies on December 1.

(21st Pres.) Arther resigns from the New York State militia on January 1. He returns to his law practice and begins a friendship with influential Republican politician Roscoe Conkling.

1863

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(21st Pres.) Arther's son, William, dies on July 8.

1863

(22nd Pres.) The Union drafts Cleveland into its army, but he pays someone to go in his place.

1863

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to captain.

1864

(21st Pres.) Chester Alan Arther II is born on July 25.

1864

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(23rd Pres.) Harrison and his regement fight against the Confederate troops.

1864

Harrison is reelected as Indiana supreme court reporter.

(29th Pres.)Warren Harding is born

1865

(25 Pres.) McKinly is promoted to brevet major, and the Civil War ends.

1865

(20th Pres.) Garfield's son, James Rundolph, is born on October 17.

1865

(23rd Pres.) Harrison is promoted to brigadier general and retires from military service after the Civil War.

1865

(19th Pres.) Hayes votes in support of Reconstruction policies and is reelected to Congress.

1866

The Hayes's youngest son, George, dies this year as well

(23rd Pres.) Harrison acts as the U.S. government's attorney in the case of Ex parte Milligan.

1866

(25 Pres.) McKinly attends Albany Law School.

1866

(25 Pres.) McKinly is admitted to the Ohio Bar Association.

1867

(19th Pres.) Hayes is elected governor of Ohio.

1867

Lucy gives birth to a sixth child, a girl named Fanny.

(20th Pres.) Garfield's daughter, Mary "Mollie" Garfield is born on January 17.

1867

(23rd Pres.) Harrison turns down offers to run for the U.S. House of Representitives and for Indiana govenor.

1868

(25 Pres.) McKinly is elected county prosecutor for Stark County, Ohio.

1869

(19th Pres.) Hayes is reelected to a second term as governor.

1869

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes chairman of the House Committee on Banking and Commerce.

1869

(28th Pres.) Dr. Wilson (Thomas's father) takes a teaching job at a seminary.

1870

(19th Pres.) With Hayes's support, the Ohio legislature ratifies the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

1870

(20th Pres.) Irvin McDowell Garfield is born on August 3, 1870

1870

Irvin McDowell Garfield (second from right).

.

(22 Pres.) Cleveland is elected sheriff of Erie County for a three-year term.

1870

(25th Pres.) Daughter Katherine is born on December 25.

1871

(19th Pres.) A seventh child, named Scott, is born to the Hayes family in February.

1871

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes the chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations.

1871

(21st Pres.) Ellen Herndon Arther is bornon November 21.

1871

(21st Pres.) Ellen Herndon Arther is bornon November 21.

1871

(21st Pres.) President Ulysses Grant appionts Arther to the postion of collecter at the New York Customhouse.

1871

(25 Pres.) McKinly marries Ida Saxton on January 25. He loses reelection as county prosecutor.

1871

(30th Pres.) John Calvin Coolidge is born

1872

(19th Pres.) Hayes retires as governor. The Ohio Republicans urge him to run for Congress so he does, but he looses.

1872

(20th Pres.) Garfield negotiates a treaty with the Salish (Flathead) Nation.

1872

.

(20th Pres.) Abram Garfield is born on November 12.

1872

Abram Garfield (far right)

(23rd Pres.) Harrison tries to run for Indiana governor but loses the Republican Party nomination to Thomas Brown.

1872

(25th Pres.) Daughter Ida is born and dies four months later.

1873

(19th Pres.) Hayes and his family move to Fremont, Ohio, to live at Spiegel Grove.

1873


In August, Lucy gives birth to an eighth child, a boy named Manning.

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover is born.

1874

(19th Pres.) Hayes's Uncle Sardis dies in January, followed by the death of their youngest son, Manning.

1874

(21st Pres.) Congress bans the moiety system, which allows government officials to make money by seizing illegal imports.

1874

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland returns to the practice of law, forming a company with Oscar Folsom.

1874

(25th Pres.) Daughter Katherine dies of typhoid fever.

1875

(19th Pres.) Hayes is elected for a third term as governor of Ohio

1875

(19th Pres.) Hayes is nominated as the Republican Party's candidate for President against Samuel J. Tilden.

1876

The election results as to who actually won are uncertain, leading to months of conflict between the Republican and Democrat parties.

(25th Pres.) McKinley is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Eighteenth Congressional District of Ohio.

1876

(23rd Pres.) Harrison runs for governor of Indiana but loses the election.

1876

(20th Pres.) Garfield is appointed to an electorial committee in the Tilden-Hayes dispute. The committee appoints Hayes president.

1877

.

(19th Pres.) On March 2nd, Hayes is named the winner of the 1876 election and is inaugurated as the 19th president.

1877 - 1881


Reconstruction ends with the removal of federal troops from southern capitals.

(19th Pres.) Hayes reduces corruption in the New York Custom House.

1878

(20th Pres.) Garfield becomes minority leader in the U.S. House of Representatives.

1878

(21 Pres.) President Rutherford B. Hayes fires Arther from his customhouse job.

1878

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a second term in Congress.

1878

(23rd Pres.) President Rutherford B. Hayes appoints Harrison to the Mississippi River Commission.

1879

.

(21 Pres.) Arthur's wife, Ellen, dies. Arthur becomes the Republican vice-presidential candidate. He and running mate James Garfield win the election.

1880

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover's father dies.

1880

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a third term in Congress and is appionted to the House Ways and Means Committee.

1880

(20th Pres.) Garfield is elected U.S. senator on January 13. He is elected president on November 2.

1880

.

(23rd Pres.) Harrison leads the Indiana delegation to the Republican National Convention.

1880

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt graduates from Harvord and marries Alice Lee later that year.

1880

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland is elected mayor of Buffalo.

1881

(23rd Pres.) Harrison is elected a U.S. senater from Indiana.

1881

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt is elected to the New York State legislature.

1881

(20th Pres.) Garfield is sworn in as president on March 4. He is shot by Charles Guiteau on July 2 and dies in Elberon, New Jersey, on September 19.

March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1882

.

(21 Pres.) Arthur is sworn in as vice president on March 4. President Garfield is shot on July 2 and dies on September 19. Arthur takes the oath of office as president.

September 19, 1881 - 1884

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Delano Roosevelt is born.

1882

(28th Pres.) Wilso passes his exams and becomes a lawyer in Atlanta, Georgia.

1882

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a fourth tern in Congress by a narrow majority. Democratic canidate Jonathan Wallace contests the election results

1882

(21 Pres.) Arthur first vetos then signs into law the Chinese Exclusion Act. Arthur learns he has Bright's disease, a kidney disorder.

1882

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland's mother, Ann, dies in July. In November Cleveland is elected governor of New York.

1882

(23rd Pres.) Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act, a law that Harrison opposes.

1882

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's book, The Naval War of 1812, is published.

1882

(21 Pres.) Arthur signs into law the Pendleton Civil Service Act. He also supports and signs legislation to improve the navy and to build steel-hulled naval ships.

1883

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt buys a ranch in the Dakota Badlands.

1883

(33rd Pres.) Harry S. Truman is born.

1884

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover's mother dies.

1884

(21 Pres.) Republicans nominate James Blaine as their presidential candidate. He loses the election to Democrat Grover Cleveland on November 4.

1884

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland wins the election to become president of the United States.

1884 - 1888

(25th Pres.) In May a congressional committee votes to give McKinley's House seat to Wallace. In November, McKinley runs for reelection and wins a fifth term in Congress.

1884

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's daughter Alice is born, but his wife and mother die a few weeks later.

1884

(21 Pres.) Arthur attends the inauguration of President Cleveland on March 4 and later returns to New York City.

1885

(28th Pres.) Wilson marries Ellen Louise Axson.

1885

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's mother, Victoria Josephine Moor Coolidge, dies.

1885

(22nd Pres.) On Cleveland's first day in office, more than fiffty thousand miners are on strike.

1885

(28th Pres.) Ellen gives birth to her first daughter, Margaret.

1886

(21 Pres.) Arther dies on November 18.

1886

(22nd Pres.) Railroad workers across the contry go on strike, stopping all trains. Cleveland uses U.S. troops against the violent strikers. On June 2, Cleveland marries Frances Folsom.

1886

(25th Pres.) McKinley wins reelection to a sixth term in Congress.

1886

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt marries childhood friend Edith Carrow.

1886

(28th Pres.) A second daughter, Jessie Woodrow, is born.

1887

(22nd Pres.) Cleveland signs the Interstate Commerce Act. He also approves the Dawes Act.

1887

(23rd Pres.) Harrison loses his bid for reelection to U.S. Senate.

1887

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's son, Theadore Jr. is born.

1887

(22 Pres.) Cleveland runs for president, but loses to Benjamin Harrison.

1888

(23rd Pres.) Harrison defeats Grover Cleveland to win the presidential election and is inaugurated as the twenty-third president of the United States.

1888 - 1889

(25th Pres) McKinley wins reelection to a seventh term in Congress.

1888

(28th Pres.) A third daughter is born, Eleanor Randolph.

1889

(25th Pres) McKinley becomes chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee.

1889

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's sister, Abigail, dies.

1890

(34th Pres.) David Dwight Eisenhower is born on October 14 in Denison, Texas.

1890

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's son Kermit is born.

1890

(23rd Pres.) Congress passes the Dependent and Disability Pensions Act, the Sherman Antitrust Act, the McKinley Tariff, and the Sherman Silver Purchase Act.

1890

(25th Pres) McKinley is defeated in his bid for reelection to Congress.

1890

During this year, McKinley wrote and sponsored the McKinley Tariff legislation.

(29th Pres.)Warren Harding marries Florence Harding.

1891

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's father marries Caroline Athelia Brown.

1891

(23rd Pres.) Congress passes the Forest Reserve Act, which gives presidents the power to create national forests.

1891

(25th Pres) McKinley is elected governor of Ohio.

1891

(26th Pres.) Roosevelt's daughter Ethel is born.

1891

(24 Pres.) Cleveland becomes the 24th president

1892 - 1896

(23 Pres.) Harrison's wife dies, and he loses reelection as president.

1892

(24 Pres.) Cleveland blocks a treaty allowing the U.S. to take over Hawaii. The stock market crashes.

1893

(23 Pres.) Harrison resumes law practice.

1893

(25th Pres) McKinley wins reelection as governor of Ohio.

1893

(23 Pres.) Harrison moves to California to teach law class.

1894

(24 Pres.) Cleveland tries to build up U.S. Treasury gold reserves. he also temporarily lowers tariffs.

1894

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt's son Archie is born.

1894

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt bocomes the head of the New York police board.

1895

(23 Pres.) Harrison marries Mary Scott Lord Dimmick.

1896

(24 Pres.) Cleveland refuses to run for a third term.

1896

(25th Pres) McKinley becomes presedent of the United States.

1896 - 1900

(24 Pres.) The Clevelands retire to Princeton, New Jersey.

1897

(23 Pres.) Harrison's third child, Elizabeth Harrison, is born.

1897

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt becomes assistant secretary of the navy.

1897

Son Quentin is born

(30th Pres.) Coolidge opens a law office in Northampton, Massachusettes, and is later elected to the city council.

1898

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt leads the Rough Riders' charge up San Juan Hill, and is elected governor of New York.

1898

(24 Pres.) The Spanish-American War lasts for 4 months.

1898

(25th Pres) McKinley signs a Congressiol resolution annexing the Hawaiian Islands.

1898

Also, this year the battleship Maine exploded and sank in Havana Harbor, giving the Americans a reason to declare war on Spain other than aiding in Cuba's independence. Later that year, the war ended in favor of the US and Cuba became an independent nation. Spain also gives Puerto Rico and Guam to the US as compensation for the war and the US purchases the Philippine islands from Spain for $20 million.

(25th Pres) McKinley asks Secretary of State John Hay to issue the Open Door policy toward China.

1899

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover works in China as a mining engineer.

1899 - 1901

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover marries Lou Henry.

1899

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover helps ward off rebelling Chinese peasants in the Boxer uprising.

1900

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt's father, James Roosevelt, dies.

1900


Also this year, at eighteen year old, Franklin enters Harvard University.

(25th Pres) McKinley is reelected presedant of the united states.

1900 - 1901

During this period, the Boxer Rebellion against foreigners in China begins.

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt is elected vise president.

1900

(33rd Pres.) After graduating from high school, Truman later works for the National Bank of Commerse.

1901

When he was nineteen, Truman's father, John, fell into a huge amount of debt after loosing his investments with the Kansas City grain market. Harry had to abandon his dreams of going to collage and becoming a concert pianist. He worked for the Kansas City Star newspaper as well as the Santa Fe railroad before working for the National Bank of Commerce in Kansas City, Missouri.

(23 Pres.) Harrison dies.

1901

(25th Pres) McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz on September 6th and dies eight days later.

1901

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt becomes president.

1901

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt uses the Sherman Anti-Trust Act against big bisiness.

1902

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover's son, Herbert Hoover Jr., is born

1903

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt provides U.S. support for the construction of the Panama Canal.

1903

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt enters Columbia Law School

1904

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt is reelected president.

1904

(30th Pres.) Coolidge marries Grace Anna Goodhue.

1905

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt marries Eleanor Roosevelt on March 17.

1905

Eleanor Roosevelt, shown here, was a distant cousin of Franklin's; as well as the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt - a figure greatly admired by Franklin.

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(33rd Pres) Truman joins the National Gaurd, but later has to return to the family farm.

1905

Truman left his job at the National Bank of Commerce to join the national guard. He was eager to serve his country in this way - but claimed that he only passed the eye test because "they needed recruits". However, he had to return to the family farm because of his father's financial problems.

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt helps negotiate peace in the Russo-Japanese War.

1905

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt's first child, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, is born.

1906

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's first son, John, is born. Coolidge is later elected to the Massachusetts House of Reprentatives.

1906

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt Becomes the first American to win the Nobel P{eace Prize. The Preservation of America Antiquities Act is passed.

1906

(25th Pres) McKinley's wife, Ida, dies in Canton, Ohio.

1907

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover's dauter, Allan Hoover, is born.

1907

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt's second child, James, is born.

1907

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt sends the Great White Fleet on a worldwide tour.

1907

(31st Pres.) The Hoover family moves back to the United States.

1908

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's second child, Calvin jr., is born.

1908

(36th Pres.) Lyndon B. Johnson is born.

1908

(24 Pres.) Cleveland dies.

1908

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt's son, Franklin jr, is born, but he dies later that year.

1909

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected mayor of Northhampton.

1909

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt embarks on a yearlong African safari.

1909

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt's son, Elliott, is born. Franklin is elected to New York Senate.

1910

(28th Pres.) Wilson wins the election for governor of New Jersey.

1910

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt accepts the Nobel Peace Prize in Christiania, (Oslo) Norway.

1910

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected state senator.

1911

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower is appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

1911

(31st Pres.) Stanford University elects Hoover to its board of trustees.

1912

(32nd Pres.) Franklin Roosevelt is reelected to the New York Senate

1912

(28th Pres.) The Democratic Party nominates Wilson for president of the United States. Wilson wins the election.

1912

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt accepts the Progressive Party nomination for president. He is shot while compaigning.

1912

(37th Pres.) Nixon is born onJanuary 9th in Yorba Linda, California.

1913

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt writes his autobiography after losing the presidency. He retires and goes on an axpedition to explore the source of a river in Brazil.

1913

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt loses the New York Democratic primary for U.S. Senate. A second Franklen Jr. is born.

1914

(28th Pres.) World War I breaks out in Europe. Ellen Wilson dies of Bright's disease.

1914

(31st Pres.) Hoover directs the Commition for Relief in Belgium and otherrelief programs in Europe.

1914 - 1917

(29th Pres.)Warren Harding is elected as a U.S. senator from Ohio. World War 1 begins.

1914

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected president of the Massachusetts Senate

1914

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected lieutenant governor.

1915

(28th Pres.) Wilson marries Edith Bolling Galt.

1915

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower graduates from West Point.

1915

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt urges the United States to take action against Germany after the sinking of the Lusitania.

1915

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt's son John Aspinwall is born.

1916

(28th Pres.) Wilson is nominated for president a second term.

1916

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower is commissioned as a second lietenant in the U.S. Army. He meets And marries Mamie Doud.

1916

(28th Pres.) The United States declares war on Germany. World War I begins.

1917

(31st Pres.) President Woodrow Wilson appionts Hoover U.S. food administrator.

1917 - 1919

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower is promoted to captain. The Eisenhower's first son, Doud, is born.

1917

(35th Pres.) John F. Kennedy is born.

1917

!

(26 Pres.) Roosevelt askes President Wilson for permission to lead a volunteer regiment to Europe.

1917

(33rd Pres) Truman serves as an artillery captian for the U.S. army in France.

1918

(28th Pres.) World War I ends.

1918

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected governor of Massachusetts.

1918

(26 Pres.) Son Quentin is killed in France.

1918

(30th Pres.) Coolidge intervenes in the Boston police strike.

1919

(28th Pres.) The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris. Wilson suffers a massive stroke .

1919

(31st Pres.) Hoover creates the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford.

1919

(29th Pres.)Warren Harding's child is born.

1919

(33rd Pres) Truman marries Bess Wallace and opens a haberdashery with an old friend.

1919

Harry met Bess back in Sunday school, when he was about eight. Although they had wanted to get married nearly ten years earlier, he didn't want to marry her until he was financially secure.
Alongside his Jewish friend, Eddie Jacobson, they open their shop, "Truman and Jacobson".

(26th Pres.) Theodore Roosevelt dies on January 6th.

1919

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt is named Democratic vice presidential candidate.

1920

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected vice president of the United States, under President Warren Harding.

1920 - 1923

Prohibition, a movement making alcohol illegal in the United States, goes into effect.

(29th Pres.)Warren Harding becomes president.

1920 - 1923

(28th Pres.) Wilson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

1920

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt contracts polio.

1921

(28th Pres.) Wilson's second term as president ends.

1921

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected life trustee of Amherst.

1921

(34th Pres.) Doud dies of scarlet fever.

1921

(31st Pres.) The people of Belgium honor Hoover with a bronze statue of Isis.

1922

(34th Pres.) The Eisenhowers' son John is born.

1922

(33rd Pres.) Truman is elected to the post of eastern judge for Jackson County, Missiuri.

1922

Despite his efforts to keep the haberdashery, Truman and Jacobson, running, they were forced to close it down when the country's economy slipped after the war, leaving him greatly in debt. However, army friend Jim Pendergast helped him find his new job of eastern judge.

Although he was a loyal friend, he was part of the notorious Pendergast "machine" who carried out questionable practices such as bootlegging and influencing political elections in their favor.

(37th Pres.) Nixon' family moves to Whittier, California; where his father, Fransis, opens a gasoline station.

1922


This is a picture taken of the Nixon family from about this time. Francis "Frank" Nixon is standing in the back. In front, from left to right, is Harold, Francis Jr, Hannah Nixon, and Richard.

(29th Pres.)Warren Harding dies.

1923

(30th Pres.) Coolidge becomes president of the United States after President Harding dies.

1923 - 1924

(33rd Pres) Truman's only child, Mary Margaret, is born.

1924

(28th Pres.) Woodrow Wilson dies at 11:15 A.M. on February 3.

1924

(30th Pres.) Coolidge is elected president by a large magority.

1924 - 1928

Congress orders the cancellation of oil leases to private companies, ending the Teapot Dome scandal. Coolidge also vetoes the veterans bonus bill, signs the Immigration act, and signs a bill giving Native Americans full citizenship. He is shown here with four Osage Indians after signing this bill.

(36th Pres.) Johnson graduates from Johnson High School.

1924

(37th Pres.) Nixon's youngest brother, Arther, dies.

1925

(33rd Pres.) Truman is elected Presiding judge of Jackson County.

1926

(30th Pres.) Coolidge signs a bill creating the Army Air Corps.

1926

Coolidge's father, John Coolidge, dies.

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower graduates from the army's Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

1926

(36th Pres.) Johnson enrolls in Southwest Texas State Teachers Collage at San Marcos.

1927

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt is elected governor of New York.

1928

(31st Pres.) Hoover is elected the 31st president of theUnited States.

1928 - 1932

(30th Pres.) Coolidge's term as President ends and Herbert Hoover is elected president.

1928

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower graduates from the Army War College.

1928

(31st Pres.) The Agricultural Marketing Act is passed.

1929

(30th Pres.) Coolidge reterns to Northhampton.

1929

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt wins reelection as governor.

1930

(31st Pres.) Hoover approves the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act.

1930

(37th Pres.) Nixon enters Whittier Collage

1930

(36th Pres.) Johnson gradates from collage and takes a teaching job at Sam Houstan High School in Houston, Texas.

1930

(31st Pres.) Construction begins on the Hoover Dam.

1931

(36th Pres.) Johnson goes to Washington, DC, to work in the US Congress as secretary to Richard Kleburg.

1931

Representative Richard M Kleburg.

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt is elected president.

1932

(31st Pres.) The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) is created.

1932

Against the express orders of President Hoover to use no more force than necessary, General Douglas MacArthur forced the Bonus Army (a group of World War I veterans) to leave Washington; using undue force and burning their camp.
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Because of this incident, along with several others, President Hoover was not reelected and Franklin Delano Roosevelt was came into the White House... even though the problems that occurred were, in the long run, not the doing of the President.

(30th Pres.) Coolidge dies of a heart attack on January 15.

1933

(33rd Pres.) Truman is elected to the U.S. Senate.

1934

(37th Pres.) Nixon graduates Whittier Collage and enters law school.

1934

(36th Pres.) Johnson marries Claudia Alta "Lady Bird" Taylor.

1934

(31st Pres.) Hoover is elected chairman of the Boys Club of America.

1936

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt wins reelection as president.

1936

(37th Pres.) Nixon graduates law school and begins law practice in Whittier.

1937

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt is reelected to a third term.

1940

(37th Pres.) Nixon marries Thelma Catherine Ryan on June 21st.

1940


Thelma Catherine Ryan, given the nickname "Pat" by her father, was an aspiring actress and high school teacher. She met Richard Nixon during an audition for the play, The Dark Tower.

(33rd Pres.) After a Japanese suprise attak on Pearl Harbor, the United States enters World War II.

1941

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt: Sara Roosevelt dies.

1941

(35th Pres.) John F. Kennedy joins the navy in World War II

1941

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower leads Operation Torch, the invasiin of North Africa

1942

(37th Pres.) Nixon enlists in the US Navy during World War II.

1942

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower leads the invasion of German-occupied France.

1943

(33rd Pres.) Truman is elected vice president on the Roosevelt-Truman ticket.

1944

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt is reelected to a fourth term.

1944

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower is promoted to general of the army.

1944

(31st Pres) Hoover's wife, Lou Henry Hoover, dies.

1944

(35th Pres.) John F. Kennedy receives the Purple Heart and a Navy and Marine Corps Medal.

1944

(36th Pres.) Johnson's daughter, Lynda Bird, is born on March 19th.

1944

Lynda is the girl on the far left. To the right is her younger sister, Luci.

(33rd Pres.) Harry S. Truman becomes president of the United States. Germany surrenders on May 7. Japan surrenders on September 2, ending World War II.

1945

(32 Pres.) Franklen Roosevelt dies.

1945

(31st Pres.) President Harry Truman appoint Hoover to investigate the food crisis in Europe following Wold War II.

1945

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is born on August 9th as William Jefferson Blythe.

1946

(35th Pres.) Kennedy is elected to congress.

1946

(37th Pres.) Nixon wins his first election, to the House of Representitives. His daughter, Tricia, is born.

1946

(31st Pres.) Hoover heads the first Hoover Commision.

1947

The Hoover Commission, a commission that would report on the organization of the executive branch of the federal government, made many recommendations and reorganized the government's budget; saving them up to three billion dollars a year.

(33rd Pres.) Truman runs for reelection against Thomas Dewey and wins.

1948

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower becomes president of Columbia University in New York City.

1948

(37th Pres.) Nixon's second daughter, Julie, is born.

1948


A picture of Nixon's daughters playing with their spaniel. Julia is on the left, and Tricia is on the right.

(42nd Pres.) [Clinton] Bill's mother marries Roger Clinton, a car salesman.

1950

(33rd Pres.) Communist North Korea invades South Korea. Truman dispatches troops to defend South Korea. Two Puerto Rican men attempt to assassinate Truman.

1950

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower begins his campaign for U.S. presidency.

1952

(35th Pres.) Kennedy is elected to the US Senate.

1952

(37th Pres.) Nixon is elected vice president on the Eisenhower ticket.

1952 - 1956

(42nd Pres.) [Clinton] Bill's family moves to Hot Springs, Arkansas.

1953

(35th Pres.) Kennedy marries Jaqueline "Jackie" Bouvier on September 12.

1953

(34th Pres.) Eisenhower is sworn in as the thirty-fourth US President.

1953 - 1957

(31st Pres.) Hoover leads the second Hoover Commission.

1953

(33rd Pres.) After leaving office, Truman and Bess move back to Independence, Missouri.

1953

(31st Pres.) The US Congress passes its first ever unanimous resolution of thanks, in appreciation of Hoover's public service.

1954

(34th Pres) The US Supreme Court outlaws racial segregation in public schools.

1954

(34th Pres) Eisenhower is reelected as president.

1956 - 1960

This year, Eisenhower orders the National Guard to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce a desegregation order.

(34th Pres) Eisenhower sponsors a civil rights bill, reinforcing the voting rights of Southern blacks.

1956

(35th Pres.) Kennedy's second book, Profiles in Courage, is published. He also makes the nominating speach for Adlai Stevenson.

1956


Kennedy's book, Profiles in Courage, was a big success and ended up winning the Pulitzer Prize.

When Adlai Stevenson was the 1956 Democratic candidate for President, Kennedy was encouraged to run with him as vice president. He did well in campaigning, but he still lost the position to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee.

(37th Pres.) Eisenhower and Nixon are reelected.

1956 - 1960

(35th Pres.) Kennedy's Daughter, Caroline Kennedy, is born on November 27.

November 27, 1957

(35th Pres.) Kennedy is reelected to the Senate.

1958

(37th Pres.) Nixon and his family tour South America on behalf of the Eisenhower administration.

1958

(34th Pres) Eisenhower orders a ban on trade in Cuba when Fidel Castro, a communist leader, comes to power.

1959

(37th Pres.) Nixon visits the Soviet Union.

1959

(35th Pres.) Kennedy is elected as the Democratic cantidate for President and wins the nomination. His son, John F. Kennedy Jr is born.

1960


John F. Kennedy Jr.

(37th Pres.) Nixon makes his first run for Presidency, but is defeated by John F Kennedy.

1960

(34th Pres) A US spy plane shot down over Soviet territory scuttles a peace summit with Nikita Khrushchev.

1961

(34th Pres) Eisenhower retires to a farm in Pennsylvania with his wife, Mamie.

1961

(35th Pres.) Kennedy is inaugurated on January 20 as thirty-fifth President of the United States.

1961 - 1963


In this year during his presidency, Kennedy established the Peace Corps and became involved in the ongoing Civil Rights movement. In March, he initiates the Alliance for progress; and shortly after, in April, the unsuccessful "Bay of Pigs" invasion occurs. Also, he later meets with President Charles de Gaulle of France, Prime Minister Harold Macmillan of Great Britain, and Premier Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union - hoping to negotiate friendly relations and slow the progression of atomic bombs. At the end of the year, he travels to Venezuela and Colombia.

(31st Pres.) The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library opens in West Branch, Iowa.

1962

(35th Pres) Kennedy successfully confronts the Cuban Missle Crisis. Meanwhile, the Space Race picks up speed.

1962

Kennedy's brother, Ted, is elected to the Senate. On February tenth, astronaut John Glen circles Earth, followed on May 4th by Lieutenant Scott Carpenter. The Space Race begins.

(37th Pres.) Nixon looses his bid for governor of California and announces his withdrawal from politics.

1962

(42nd Pres.) [Clinton] Bill's last name is legally changed to Clinton.

1962

(37th Pres.) The Nixon family moves to New York, where Nixon becomes a partner in a law firm. His first book, Six Crisis, is published.

1963

(42nd Pres.) Clinton decides to go into politics after meeting President Kennedy.

1963

On a visit to the White House as a part of the American Legion's Boys Nation, Bill shook hands with President John F. Kennedy. It wasn't just a matter of good luck; Bill made sure he was in the front row while Kennedy presented them with a speech and was the first to jump up to shake his hand afterword. Although he didn't yet dream of becoming President himself, he later says that it sparked his interest in politics.

(35th Pres.) Kennedy is assasinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas.

November 22, 1963

Before the assassination, Kennedy sent his Civil rights bill to Congress, which is followed shortly after by the March on Washington. After the Berlin Wall is built, he negotiates the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with the Soviet Union and Great Britain - and act which is approved by Congress on September 24. His son, Patrick, is born, but dies shortly after birth.

On November 22nd, he is assassinated in Dallas, Texas; although no one knows for sure who planned it. He is buried on November 25th - his son John Jr.'s third birthday.

(42nd Pres.) Clinton enters Georgetown University in Washington, DC, and is elected President of his class.

1964

(31st Pres.) Herbert Hoover dies on October 20th, at the age of ninety.

October 20, 1964

(42nd Pres.) Clinton helps in Judge Holt's campaign for Arkansas governor and becomes an aide to Senator Fulbright.

1966

Judge Frank Holt was the father of Lynda Holt - a friend of Clinton's. Clinton campaigned for him during the 1966 election for Arkansas governor. Although Holt lost the election, the campaign started boosting his popularity.

Bill Clinton met Arkansas Senator William J Fulbright during the same trip where he met President Kennedy a few years before. To help him earn money to pay for his place in collage, Fulbright hires Clinton to work for him as a "Back-Room Boy", filing papers and running errands for him.

(37th Pres.) Nixon decides to return to politics and announces his bid for Presidency.

1967

(37th Pres.) Nixon's daughter Julie marries David Eisenhower, the grandson of former president Dwight D Eisenhower

1968

(37th Pres.) Nixon is elected the thirty-seventh president of the United states.

1968 - 1972

(42nd Pres.) Clinton graduates from Georgetown University and attends Oxford University in England on a Rhodes Scholarship.

1968

( 42nd Pres.) Clinton becomes an anti-Vietnam War orginizer in England.

1969

(34th Pres) Eisenhower dies on March 28th, in Washington DC.

1969

(42nd Pres.) Clinton enters Yale Law School in New Haven, Conneticut - where he first meets Hillary Rodham.

1970

(37th Pres.) Nixon escalates US involvement the the Vietnam War.

1970

(37th Pres.) Nixon's daughter, Tricia, marries Edward Cox. The Pentagon Papers are published.

1971

(42nd Pres.) Clinton directs the Texas Campaign of Democratic Presidential nominee George S McGovern.

1972

(37th Pres.) Nixon is reelected president, but the Watergate Scandal takes place, arousing suspitions toward the president. .

1972 - 1974

When people from Nixon's reelection committee hire five Cuban immigrants to break into the Democratic National Committee headquarters to plan listening devices, and are caught, it causes an uproar. Nixon may or may not have ordered this exact action, but his coverup over the scandal was later revealed - with proof - when listening devices Nixon implanted in his office for protection actually ended up recording him talking about these shaded deals with some of his former reelection committee. At first he refused to hand in the tapes and tried to make ways around it by sending an altered written version of the tapes and later even deleted parts of the tapes. However, the original recordings were eventually revealed.
Throughout these events, many people, save Nixon, were convicted for their involvement with Watergate. Most of them resigned from office, or were forced to leave. This political poster tries to emphasize how Nixon was the only one unaffected at this point.

(33rd Pres.) Truman dies on December 26 at the age of eighty-eight.

December 28, 1972

(42nd Pres.) Clinton recieves his Law Degree from Yale and returns to his home state to teach at the University of Arkensas.

1973

(37th Pres.) The Vietnam War truce is signed. Meawhile, the Watergate burgalers are convicted and the impeachment process against Nixon begins.

1973

Once the people who broke in to Watergate (shown below) were convicted, and the "Nixon Tapes" were brought forth, things finally start going downhill for Nixon.

(42nd Pres.) Clinton formally begins his political carreer by running for the house of representiives. However, he does not get the position.

1974

(37th Pres.) Nixon is charged with three articles of impeachment and resigns the presidency.

1974

Concerning the findings on the Nixon Tapes, the House Judiciary Committee in Washington charged Nixon with three articles of impeachment - obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of Congress... not to mention other, presently unknown, transactions. To prevent having to go through the process of impeachment, Nixon resigns from office on August 9th - becoming the first president to resign from office.

(42nd Pres.) Clinton marries Hillary Rodham.

October 11, 1975

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is elected Arkansas attorny general. He also manages the Arkansas campaign of Democratic presidential cantidate Jimmy Carter.

1976

(37th Pres.) Nixon's memoirs are published and he starts traveling the world.

1978

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is elected governor of Arkansas at age 32.

1978

(37thPres.) Nixon and his wife, Pat, move to the East Coast.

1980

(42nd Pres.) Clinton's daughter, Chelsa, is born. Bill loses reelection as governor.

February 27, 1980

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is reelected as governor of Arkansas.

1982

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is elected to a third term as governor.

1984

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is elected for a fourth term as governor. He becomes chair of the National Governors Association.

1986

(37thPres.) The Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace opens in Yorba Linda, California.

1990

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is elected to a fifth term as governor of Arkansas.

1990

(42nd Pres.) Clinton announces candidacy for president of the United States.

1991

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is electedpresident of the United States.

1992

(42nd Pres.) Clinton signs the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Brady Bill, and the North American Free Trade Agreement.

1993

(37th Pres.) Nixon's wife, Pat, dies on June 22nd.

June 22, 1993

(37thPres.) Richard Nixon dies on April 22nd in New York. He is buried at the Nixon Library and Birthplace.

April 22, 1994

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is reelected as president of the United States.

1996

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is impeached on charges of perjury and absruction of justice.

1998

(42nd Pres.) Clinton is not found guilty of the impeachment charges against him at the Senate trial.

1999

(42nd Pres.) Clinton's term as president of the United States ends.

2001

Other important US figures

Daneil Boone is born

11/02/1734

Daniel Boone (November 2, 1734 [O.S. October 22] – September 26, 1820) was an American pioneer, explorer, and frontiersman whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now Kentucky, which was then part of Virginia but on the other side of the mountains from the settled areas.

Canada

England

France

Napoléon Bonaparte is born

08/15/1769

Born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. Good site for the kid to check out with videos and extras

The Reign of Napoleon I

1804 - 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte, also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution (1789-1799). After seizing political power in France in a 1799 coup d’état, he crowned himself emperor in 1804. Shrewd, ambitious and a skilled military strategist, Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire. However, after a disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, Napoleon abdicated the throne two years later, on April 6, 1814, and was exiled to the island of Elba. On February 26, 1815, he briefly returned to power in his Hundred Days campaign. After a crushing defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, he abdicated once again and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, where he died at 51.
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