Period 2 Timeline

Events

Siddartha Guatama

600 bce - 300 bce

Came to be known as the Buddha and founded Buddhism. He connects to concept 2.1 because he began the development of Buddhism.

Mayan Civilization

600 bc - 250

South American civilization developing separately from the Afro-Eurasian civilizations completely. This connects to concept 2.2 because the state in Maya developed over this time.

Cyrus the Great

600 bc - 529 bc

Founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian empire. He innovated while governing his people. He created roads, collected taxes, and designed a common currency for his empire. He connects to concept 2.2 because he developed the first Persian Empire.

Confucius

551 bce - 479 bce

The great Chinese philosopher who's teachings inspired the Confucian beliefs and scholarly system. He connects to concept 2.2 because his teachings became the backbone of the Chinese scholarly system.

Achaemenid Dynasty

550 bc - 330 bc

The first ruling of Persia. An innovative empire that inspires many later empires in their way of government. This has to do with concept 2.2 because this dynasty developed into the greatest empire in the world.

Founding of the Roman Republic

509 bc

The beginning of the great Roman rule that eventually becomes the largest empire of it's time. This has to do with concept 2.2 because the Roman republic developed to became a great power in the world.

Roman Republic

509 bc - 27 bc

The ruling of Rome by a Senate elected by the people. Though only upper class citizens could be in Senate, this was still an effective government until social infighting was too much and it became an empire. This has to do with concept 2.2 because the Roman Republic developed into a strong culture of the world.

Greco-Persian Wars

492 bc - 449 bc

A series of wars fought Between the Persian Empire and the coalition of Greek states as Persia tried to conquer Greece. This connects to concept 2.2 because the outcome of these wars shaped both states in the aftermath.

Socrates

470 bc - 399 bc

The Greek philosopher who lived in Athens. He was sentenced to death when he voiced his opinion about the government in a time of war. He connects to concept 2.1 because he developed the culture of ancient Greece more than most people.

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

470 bc - 322 bc

These 3 were Greek philosophers, each the student of the last beginning with Socrates and ending with Aristotle. The thoughts, methods, and viewpoints of these three are still thought very highly of today. These 3 connect to concept 2.1 because they developed the western way of thinking greatly.

Peloponnesian Wars

431 bc - 404 bc

Wars fought in Greece between two sides led by Athens and Sparta. Sparta eventually wins after a plague hits Athens. This connects to concept 2.2 because the aftermath of this war shaped the state in Greece greatly.

Alexander the Great

356 bc - 323 bc

The Macedonian king who conquered Greece and Persia and died as the ruler of the largest Empire in the history of the world. He connects to concept 2.2 because he shaped his state into the largest in the world in his time.

Mauryan Dynasty

322 bc - 185 bc

The first time the majority of India was under one rule. The Mauryan dynasty implemented many Persian ideas into the way they governed India. This connects to concept 2.2 because it was a great empire in India.

Ashoka

304 bce - 232 bce

Emperor of the Mauryan Empire which unified most of India. Was known for governing over his empire very well and spreading Buddhism with his power. He has to do with concept 2.1 because he used his power to spread his beliefs.

Qin Dynasty

221 bc - 206 bc

Founded by the emperor Shi Huangdi, this was the first unification of China after the warring states period. Though it was very short lived, the Qin Dynasty set the groundwork for the Han and it's long rule over China. This connects to concept 2.2 because it centralized the government in china.

Han Dynasty

206 bc - 220

The Chinese Dynasty that created a golden period in Chinese culture by governing the people well and letting the culture flourish. This connects to concept 2.1 because the Han greatly developed culture in China.

Augustus Ceasar

63 bc - 14 ad

The first true emperor of Rome. He created a government that stayed together even with some of the awful emperors that followed him. He connects to concept 2.2 because he changed the government in the Roman state.

Pax Romana

27 bce - 180 ce

"Roman Peace" the period began by Caesar Augustus in which the infighting and social problems of the Roman empire were mostly eliminated. This connects to concept 2.1 because it was a time of peace and cultural growth.

Jesus

4 bc - 30 ad

Founder of Christianity, Jesus's was believed to have preformed miracles to prove he was the son of god. He connects to concept 2.1 because he began the development of Christianity.

Axum

100 - 600

A trade city in east Africa that became very powerful by controlling much of the trade between the Roman Empire and the Indian Subcontinent. This connects to concept 2.3 because it changed trade between different parts of the world.

Yellow Turban Revolution

184 - 205

A peasant uprising in the eastern Han dynasty. An example of social tension that aided in the fall of the empire. This connects to concept 2.2 because it was a part of the fall of the empire in China.

Beginning of Trans-Saharan trade

Approx. 300

Trade begins with peoples on opposite sides of the Sahara Desert. This connects to concept 2.3 because it was part of trade between cultures in this time period.

Gupta Dynasty

320 - 550

A dynasty in northern India that unified much of the subcontinent. It became very wealthy by connecting the east and west on both the land and sea routes of the silk roads. This connects to concept 2.3 because the
Gupta were great supporters of the silk roads.

Christianity becomes official religion of Rome

380

Emperor Constantine declares Christianity the state religion of Rome. This connects to concept 2.1 because it was a great step in the development of Christianity.

Collapse of the Western Roman Empire

476

The last emperor of Rome is overthrown by barbarians, thus ending the Roman Empire. This connects to concept 2.2 because it was a turning point in the state of Rome.