Australopithecus afarensis is nicknamed The Lucy Species. It is about 3.2 million years old. Over 300 individual remains have been uncovered in Eastern Africa. The bones have both ape and human characteristics. This species survived for more than 900,000 years. That is four times longer than the human race has been around.
When Lived: Between about 3.85 and 2.95 million years ago
Homo habilis nicknamed the "Handy Man" because he was believed to be the first humanoid to use stone tools. This species had a larger brain than the Australopithecus (Lucy) species. It was found in Eastern and Southern Africa.
Homo Erectus: "The Fire Starter" lived in Northern, Eastern, and Southern Africa; Western Asia (Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia); East Asia (China and Indonesia).
It lived between about 1.89 million and 143,000 years ago.https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSbwjoCNc37kbafUDwpY7Y0CIwnhyUm8L9iYlUbATREuv2iOPA_cw
The Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt is generally described as the period from the Third Dynasty through to the Sixth Dynasty. The Old Kingdom is frequently referred to as "the Pyramid Age" because a huge number of pyramids were constructed.When central authority declined the country fragmented into different factions.https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTeJ3C23LCwHlxmUOyYtyjM-YOyi_r0-sSmQSNvNcp-vhQNEgH_
The Akkaidian Empire lasted for 141 years which is short compared to the Babylonian Empire but longer than The Neo-Babylonian Empire. Each state consisted of a city, some times multiple cities, including dependent towns and villages with associated fields and irrigation works. https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTH0B-m0MfWuIWprcoAVhS-TWAsu-yeJmMu9CCWx-a2ilTj8SzLXw
The Middle Kingdom lasted for 176 years. It has the shortest lasting period of all the Egyptian kingdoms.The Middle Kingdom (mid-Dynasty 11–Dynasty 13, ca. 2030–1640 B.C.) began when Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II reunited Upper and Lower Egypt, setting the stage for a second great flowering of Egyptian culture.
The Babylonian Empire was the most powerful state in the ancient world after the fall of the Assyrian empire. An agricultural crisis meant the end of this centralized state, and several more or less nomadic tribes settled in southern Mesopotamia. https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTf8JGr06fFsIHfT5DGimGLQY93PtK_A_V7JVYe4OA9sTGbbhEYCw
Late in the Second Intermediate Period (ca. 1640–1550 B.C.), the Theban rulers (Dynasty 17) began to drive the Hyksos kings (Dynasty 15) from the Delta, this was finally accomplished by Ahmose I, who reunited Egypt, ushering in the New Kingdom. https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTlHBpO1-dILUZ2b4J1ET1GNjPG5Es0qyIXAiB21LSh6QjRfh0T
The first dynasty to unite most of China under a single government was the Zhou Dynasty. In 771 B.C. Zhou's king was killed by invading barbarians that allied with rebel lords. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other Chinese dynasty.https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTNSofuYIWrrX73ZXUKGTTrUrbeUGkEJ5z6o8lFNNKZzohX-Dpy
The ancient Sumerian city of Assur came under Assyrian control by about 2000 BC, serving as the capital of the Assyrian Kingdom. A Semitic tribe gained control over Southern Mesopotamia, ending the independent Sumerian rule in the region.https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQKdsBMtHu5OfZR-HKrTv0Dfe7eXksFGncxvNi21mOCBR73V8aL
During the half century following the fall of Nineveh, in 612 bce, there was a final flowering of Mesopotamian culture in southern Iraq under the last dynasty of Babylonian kings(The Neo-Babylonian Empire).https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRTF_gZbd0la3TSaSgY53rFPM087wB8kBxhVa4Prl4QD3K-Rdzt
This was the earliest period in the expansion of Rome. There is not a lot of information but the Roman Republic was founded in 509 BCE. The Republic was created after the seventh king of Rome was killed. He was very mean and horrible compare to the six kings before him.
The Golden Age was also known as the Classical Period. During this time in there was a lot of art, drama and literature created. There was also advancements in government and philosophy. There were also great monuments built. The two main cities were Athens & Sparta. They were very competitive.
Rome's growth threatened a great power (the city of Carthage)in North Africa during the second period of expansion. Rome and Carthage fought three major wars, through those wars Rome gained control of North Africa, much of Spain, Maceadonia, and also conquered Greese. https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRr83rc-i4slY-4tEP98UEonybn_lHWA5iLxpiXZs66LuAG1uoLqw
After the civil war that followed the death of Qin Shihuangdi in 210 B.C., China was reunited under the rule of the Han Dynasty.The boundaries established by the Qin and maintained by the Han have more or less defined the nation of China up to the present day.https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTq52IeYzd8cCIWpbe2JCJnbj9YWQcPRBMB4JThcQcwXDqVCPByHg
During The Third Period of Expansion Rome came to rule the entire Mediterranean world. in the east, Rome took control of Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt. In the west Julius Caesar (shown below) conquered much of modern-day France. https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSC816I_RwWPmfiBZBPw6sOSZ8Duo1-Tg_U_QiOMJLs6wIyA94thQ
The Fourth Period of Expansion began with the start of the empire. The first emperor, Augustus (shown below) added a great deal of new territory. He pushed the borders of the empire to natural boundaries, like rivers to make defending easier. The Roman Empire stretched from the island of Britain (in the west) to The Black Sea (in the east).
Discovered in 1868, Cro-Magnon 1 was among the first fossils to be recognized as belonging to our own species—Homo sapiens. This famous fossil skull is from one of several modern human skeletons found at the famous rock shelter site at Cro-Magnon, near the village of Les Eyzies, France. Cro-Magnon 1 is a middle-aged, male skeleton of one of the four adults found in the cave at Cro-Magnon.