WW1 Timeline Project

Pre-1914

Russian-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

The Russo-Japanese War was "the first great war of the 20th century." It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were Southern Manchuria, specifically the area around the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden; and the seas around Korea, Japan, and the Yellow Sea.

First British Dreadnought Ship Launched

1906

This Dreadnought Ship was launched by the United Kingdom in 1906. This ship was monstrous compared to other battleships at the time. This ship was sold for scrap later on.

Bloody Massacre

January 22 1906

Bloody Sunday caused grave consequences for the Tsarist autocracy governing Imperial Russia, showing disregard for ordinary people which undermined the state. The events in St. Petersburg provoked public outrage and a series of massive strikes that spread quickly throughout the industrial centres of the Russian Empire. The massacre on Bloody Sunday is considered to be the start of the Revolution of 1905

1914

First Battle of the Marne

September 15 1914 - September 20 1914

The Battle of the Marne also known as the Miracle of the Marne was a First World War battle fought from 5–12 September 1914. This was a victory for Germany. The Battle of the Frontiers was won after this.

First Trenches Dug

September 15 1914

Many soldiers had to work hard on this project to make trench bases. Trenches as you should know is essential to Trench Warfare. Trenches help people or soldiers stay low and fire suppressive fire.

Christmas Truce

December 25 1914

The Christmas truce was a series of widespread, unofficial ceasefires that took place along the Western Front around Christmas 1914, during World War I. Through the week leading up to Christmas, parties of German and British soldiers began to exchange seasonal greetings and songs between their trenches; on occasion, the tension was reduced to the point that individuals would walk across to talk to their opposite numbers bearing gifts.

1915

British Controlled Poison Gas Attack

September 15 1915

The British launched a poison gas attack. This gas was extremely potent and is known as Mustard Gas. A change in winds caused a casualty count of 60,000

Sir Douglas Haig

December 19 1915

Sir Douglas Haig becomes commander of the British Ecpeditionary Force. Although he had gained a reputation during the immediate post-war years, with his funeral becoming a day of national mourning, Haig has since the 1960s become an object of criticism for his leadership during the First World War

British Troop Retreating

December 28 1915

British troops began to withdraw. The order was given by Sir Douglas Haig.The troops were withdrawn from Galipolli.

1916

Re-Election

November 7 1916 - November 17 1916

Woodrow Wilson re-elected President of the United States with campaign slogan: "He kept us out of the war". His actions were to stop WW1 from delving into further chaos. He won the election because the people wanted to help with WW1 to come to a swift end.

David Lloyd George

December 7 1916

David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister of Britain.He was the last Liberal to serve as Prime Minister. Parliamentary support for the coalition premiership was mostly from Conservatives rather than his own Liberals.

Rasputin

December 31 1916

Rasputin was a "Faith Healer".There is much uncertainty over Rasputin's life and the degree of influence he exerted over the Tsar and his government. Accounts are often based on dubious memoirs, hearsay and legend.[note 1] While his influence and role may have been exaggerated, historians agree that his presence played a significant part in the increasing unpopularity of the Tsar and Alexandra Feodorovna his wife, and the downfall of the Russian Monarchy

1917

Zimmermann's telegram

January 19 1917

A telegram exposes great knowledge that threatens the USA. It is decoded by Britain.It exposed that Mexico was going to join the war.

German Declares Unrestricted Sub Warfare

February 1 1917

Germany declared unrestricted submarine warfare. This would lead to war if not stopped. Germany was looking for military alliance with Mexico against the USA.

Provisional government is declared in Russia

March 15 1917

March 15, 1917 was the day that Tsar Nicholas II declared Provisional Government in Russia.The government replaced the institution of the Council of Ministers of Russia, members of which after the February Revolution presided in the Chief Office of Admiralty. The intention of the provisional government was the organization of elections to the Russian Constituent Assembly.

1918

Influenza

1918 - 1919

Two "waves" of Influenza killed more people than the war did.Typically, influenza is transmitted through the air by coughs or sneezes, creating aerosols containing the virus. Influenza can also be transmitted by direct contact with bird droppings or nasal secretions, or through contact with contaminated surfaces.

President Woodrow Wilson declares his 14 points

January 8 1918

The "Fourteen Points" was a statement given on January 8, 1918 by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe. Europeans generally welcomed Wilson's intervention, but his main Allied colleagues:Georges Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd George of Great Britain, and Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy were skeptical of the applicability of Wilsonian

First of Five Major Offensive

March 21 1918

One of these offensives were Germany using a blitzkrieg offensive. A blitzkrieg tactic is an aggressive offensive maneuver. a method of warfare whereby an attacking force spearheaded by a dense concentration of armored and motorized or mechanized infantry formations, and heavily backed up by close air support,

1919

Russian civil war fails to unseat the Bolsheviks

1919 - 1921

The Russian Civil War was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire fought between the Bolshevik Red Army and the White Army, the loosely allied anti-Bolshevik forces. Many foreign armies warred against the Red Army, notably the Allied Forces and the pro-German armies

Millions return home

1919

Millions of soldiers returned after the demobilization at the end of WW1. Demobilization is a process that happens at the end of every war.The end of war is not an event, but a process. Historians know a great deal about how societies mobilize their populations for war in the modern world but have spent surprisingly little time thinking about the process of demobilization, which here refers not just to the return home of troops.

coup launched by German revolutionaries

January 10 1919 - January 15 1919

There were revolutionists during the revolution where there were 2 sides.Red and White, they stood for (Bolshevik) and (anti-Bolshevik). These were caused by political beliefs.

Post 1919

War Cemeteries

1919 - 1922

War cemeteries A war grave is a burial place for members of the armed forces or civilians who died during military campaigns or operations. The term does not only apply to graves: ships sunk during wartime are often considered to be war graves, as are military aircraft that crash into water; this is particularly true if crewmen perished inside the vehicle. Although the soldiers bodies did not return they were built after WW1 to honor the fallen soldiers.

The United States Senate fails to ratify the Treaty of Versailles

March 19, 1920

Since the united states failed to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, their vision of peace was impaired. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.

Overthrowing of the Weimar Rebublic

April 1920

The Republic was soon under attack from both left- and right-wing sources. The radical left accused the ruling Social Democrats of having betrayed the ideals of the workers' movement by preventing a communist revolution and sought to overthrow the Republic and do so themselves.