The Civil War

Battles

Fort Sumter

4/12/1861 - 4/14/1861

This battle began the Civil War. There were no casualties, but the fort was surrendered by the Union

Bull Run

July 21, 1861

Logistical problems plagued both armies due to their inexperience in this Confederate victory. The coordination was poor between units of the Confederate Army, but the Union army's failure was largely due to the complexity of it's plan.

Shiloh

April 6, 1862 - April 7, 1862

This Union victory was staged at a major transportation center in TN off the Mississippi River. The victory was due to an overwhelming deficit on the Confederate side compared to the initially outnumbering union army. The victory again demonstrated Grant's superiority over the confederate army.

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

While the tactical outcome of this battle was unclear, it gave president Lincoln the success he felt was required in order to issue an Emancipation Proclamation, which served to discourage the French and English from defending the South

Battle of Vicksburg

May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863

Drawn-out siege operations on Vicksburg led to their retreat and a Union victory.

Battle of Gettysburg

7/1/1863 - 7/3/1863

This Battle had the highest number of casualties in the war. It is often said that this battle marks a turning point in the war. Incited by General Lee of the Confederate army, the goal was to engage and destroy the Union Army. However, severe attacks on the Confederates led to an almost 33% loss of men in Lee's army

Battle of Pleasant Bluff

April 9, 1864

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

June 27, 1864

This battle was probably the only event of the Civil War in Georgia that had a positive outcome for the south. From an elevated position on Kennesaw mountain, the confederates were able to hold off the Union army for a short time; however, Sherman's army soon went around the mountain and continued to Atlanta

Battle for Atlanta

July 22, 1864

In the Atlanta Campaign, William T. Sherman and his army basically laid waste to Atlanta and most of the area along the path connecting North Georgia and Savannah and running through Atlanta

Appomattox

April 9, 1865

As the final battle of the war, Robert E. Lee was determined to make one last attempt to defeat the Union army and reach his supplies at Lynchburg. At dawn the Confederates advanced, initially gaining ground against Sheridan’s cavalry. The arrival of Union infantry, however, stopped the advance in its tracks. Lee’s army was now surrounded on three sides. Lee surrendered to the Union April 9.

Events

Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

Sept. 24, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

Death of Stonewall Jackson

May 10, 1863

Draft Riots

July 13, 1863 - July 16, 1863

Opening of Andersonville

February 1864

Sinking H.L. Hunley

February 17, 1864

Election of 1864

November 8, 1864