Rave History

Lead up to the CJA 1994

Events

Hedonism starts first Illegal Warehouse partys

Approx. 02/01/1988

Spectrum changes its name to Land of OZ

Approx. 09/20/1988

After the Suns investigation Richard Branson allows Paul Oakenfold to Keep his night going as long as he changes the name.

Apocalypse Now Changes name to Sunrise

09/26/1988

Due to the bad publicity at Apocalypse now Tony Colston Hayter changes the name to Sunrise. The first event is stopped by police

Sunrise Guy Fawkes party

11/05/1988

4000 tickets sold
located at abandoned gas works used in Full metal jacket

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Gd8h9KAfQg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zhzOVeR3ds

Genesis hold their 2nd event

12/24/1988

held in an empty warehouse in hackney
used car tryes uv lighting and stolen building materials and a christmas tree to catapult them into the premier league of party promoters.

the party attracted 900 people

Sunrise iv Boxing day

12/26/1988

Genesis put on 3rd party

12/26/1988

using the same venue as before now with a contract with the owner. 2000 people attend

sunrise v held at astoria

12/30/1988

Genesis parties

01/01/1989 - 04/30/1989

The Fight Goes On
Against all odds
Strength to stength

Sunrise and Genesis team up for events under the name sunset

01/01/1989

Tony Colsten - Hayter confronted by West Ham Football thugs who demand a cut in profits. this leaves him looking for venues away from football gangs

Joe Wieczorek puts on illegal warehouse parties in london Labarynth is Born

01/12/1989

Adrenaline and Pasha start up

01/12/1989

Links with ICF West hams football hooligans, the club soon becomes a gangland venue.

RIP move to Dungeons at Leybridge road

01/28/1989

Biology hold their first event in a film studio in Battersea

02/25/1989

Labrynth holds event in disused warehouse in canning town

03/05/1989

An east end gang try to take over but are refused entry. 3 men sneak in with machetes attacking party goers the promoter is threatened at gun point.
Labyrinth moves to a licensed venue

Events move from inner city to the countryside

04/01/1989

sunrise, biology, energy, back to the future, weekend world and world dance all compete to bigger and better than the last.

Back to the future have venue discovered by police

04/29/1989

police find venue, promoters move to a venue in a silo full of grain

Centre Force becomes first 24/7 acid house pirate radio station

05/01/1989

Set up by Andy Swallow and other people connected to Echos.
police intelligence suggests Centre Force is run by ICF.

Sunrise 5000 at Santa Pod

05/20/1989

Energy puts on their 1st party

05/27/1989

Biology hold a party near Elstrees studios

06/10/1989

Hypnosis puts on first dance tent in a car park at Glastonbury

06/18/1989

Energy put on 2nd party in Membury Berkshire

07/01/1989

Police seal off 20 miles of the M4.

Biology event forced to move by police

07/01/1989

Party ends up in Birmingham at a club at 8am after leading cars up motorway and country roads throughout the night.

World Dance near junction 6 of the M25 over 8000 attend

07/19/1989

Energy offer free entry to first 5000 people to arrive

07/20/1989

2000 people arrive

Sunrise a Midsummer nights dream attended by 11000

07/22/1989

Held on an airstrip in Berkshire,

Energy party in a warehouse behind Heston services

07/22/1989

over 1000 police seal off the entire area but ravers park up on the hard shoulder of the motorway and run across 6 lanes. enough people make it to the party the police are forced to let it go on

Future Dance Music festival held by Sunrise. 17000 tickets sold

08/12/1989

Genesis and Biology join forces

08/18/1989

Both events were scheduled to happen on the same night. However Police raid the Genesis party forcing it to join up with Biology.

Raindance hold the first Licensed all night event

09/16/1989

Held at Jenkins Lane London 8000 people attend

Energy forced to occupy an aircraft hangar after the original venue is discovered 2 hours before the start of the event by police

09/16/1989

Energy 89

Helter Skelter hold their first event near Banbury

09/30/1989

KLF Demand to be paid in scottish pound notes. they write "children we love you" and throw them into the crowd

Biology tries to hold a party at Guildford featuring Public Enemy

10/21/1989

30,000 people try to attend but police manage to stop the party

Pandemonium hold their last Illegal event

11/01/1989

Held in a church in Telford. The surrounding ring road is blocked by police organisers Paul Archer and Paul Dawks are banned for holding events for 12 months

New Years Eve 1989

12/30/1989

Sunrise plan a party and print the address on the flyer for the first time. Just hours before the event the landowner give in to police pressure and calls it off. The party finally ends up in Slough, where they join forces with Biology and Genesis

Weekend world, Biology, Sunrise and Genesis Join forces to put on a free party

01/27/1990

Police roadblock the convoy, this leads to running battles with the police and ravers trying to get into the building. The party is allowed to continue to 9 am

Chris Perception holds first Perception party

03/17/1990

Held at Brunell centre Bristol

Glastonbury Festival 1990

06/22/1990 - 06/24/1990

Festival travelers start hooking up with inner city sound systems like D.I.Y. A new scene emerges with travelling sound systems at illegal free festivals, Spiral Tribe and Circus Warp are born. Again a loophole in the law is exploited. As these are free party the Pay Party Unit has no powers. Its now mass trespass or breach of the peace. Both difficult to enforce when theres so many people

ESP do a joint event with Weekend World in Northmpton

07/21/1990

The Event is licensed for 7000 an additional 5000 jump the fence to get in.

Time and Undrground hold their last event at the Rag Market Birmingham

04/01/1991

James and Gideon hold a party at the Eclipse Covenrty - Fantazia is Born

04/19/1991

ESP do a joint event with Weekend World in Northampton the event is licensed for 7000 and is the largest legal rave so far

08/02/1991

ESP hold an event at Denbigh Leisure centre (Later Known as the Sanctuary) calling it Dreamscape

12/06/1991

New Years Eve 1991

12/30/1991

Fantazia 12,000 attend at the Westpoint exhibition centre
Raindance Big Bad Head at Melton Mowbray.

Spiral Tribe hold a Party in a disused warehouse in Acton

04/01/1992

Castle Morton

05/01/1992

D.I.Y. and many other sound systems attempt a free party at the Avon Free Festival. They eventually end up at Castle Morton Common. Police esimate 40,000 - 50,000 in attendance.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y6g5vi3GBog
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGQe2q9ihC4

Dreamscape - Woodstock 2 - Cancelled

05/01/1992

Cancelled due to problems with financier, the late cancellation loses ESP £1000's

Fantazia - Matchams Park Bournemouth

05/15/1992

Fantazia hold "Summertime" at Mathcms park stadium. Gideon allows 16,000 tickets into circulation when the license is only for 8000. All tickets sold out resulting in 15 miles of blocked M1, which is shown on news at ten. Fantazia are unable to use this venue again due to this.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvH48Oup8As

Amnesia House - Book of Love - Brayfield Stadium

06/27/1992

Micky Lynas announces his intention to get married at a rave on BBC's "the time the place" back in 1989 . he gets his wish in 1992 and marries with 15,000 in attendance and Grooverider as his best man.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhCFGDHONeI

Fantazia - One Step Beyond - Castle Donnington 25,000 attended

07/25/1992

licensed for 25,000 the totally outdoor stage was made to look like a castle with a giant dragon in the middle of the crowd.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xLn2Zep4cw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgFFM0P3oxg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLoqfARRT-w

Pandemonium - Here Comes the Sun/Vision Popham Airfield - Shrewsbury 25,000 attend

08/28/1992

Licensed for 20,000 approximately 25,000 attend. Cancelled the day before due to a council blunder the party is directed towards another party in Popham with promises of ticket for Pandemonium being accepted. This was not the case. This leads to 1000's of people turning up and tearing down the perimeter fence.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oEGbB2rOtsk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nnd6c1uyftY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1fn3VVltmgM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RVRpSMu7ZXk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I8E6bNeLAbE
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fu9jnf6Gd4c
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yT6_gQe7EW0

Fantazia - 2nd birthday bash - The Sanctuary Milton Keynes

04/23/1993

The Last Ever true hardcore even put on by Fantazia, theres talk of a larger event 30,000 people on the south coast but Fantazia fail to secure a license.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xcgPlnrfxAc

Universe Tribal Gathering - Warminster - 25,000

04/30/1993

Causes Chaos on the roads with a 15 mile jam reported at 9pm

Universe - Big Love - 30,000 attend

08/13/1993

2 totally outdoor stages set back to back Heaven (house) Earth (hardcore). Probably the last truly outdoor event. Sound restrictions cause the sound to be turned down half way through the Prodigys set.

Clubs

Shoom Club opens

Approx. 11/06/1987 - 11/06/1987

Shoom owned by Danny and Jenni Rampling is one of the first acid house clubs to open in england

RIP opens in London

03/04/1988

Hot and Nude at the Hacienda

04/02/1988

The Norths first acid house night in Manchester

Paul Oakenfold opens Spectrum at Heaven

04/11/1988

Trip Opens at the Astoria

06/04/1988

Nicky Holloway opens Trip at The Astoria in London

Apocalypse now opens in London

08/01/1988

Apocalypse now opens at Wembley studios, the event is filmed by ITV News. Interviews with djs are dropped in favour of spaced out kids

James Young starts club night Trance

Approx. 09/15/1988

Fabio and Grooverider start Rage club night

10/01/1988

Ellis Dee and Chalky White Found Rave and the Cave in Elephant and Castle

12/01/1988

KP and Wayne Anthony start Genesis with their frist party in Dec 10th

12/10/1988

Konspiracy Opened in Manchester by Chris Nelson

11/01/1989

Shelleys opens in Stoke on Trent

08/10/1990

Eclipse opens in Coventry its the first legal all night rave club in Britain

10/13/1990

The Hacienda Closes as door staff are threatened with guns

01/31/1991

Owner Tony Wilson says "We are sick of the violence"

Quest is born at Wolverhapton civic hall

09/01/1991

Obsession move to a weekly club night

05/14/1993

Media

Things Relating to the media

The Sun News paper cashes in with its own smiley t-shirt

Approx. 06/04/1988 - Approx. 6/4/1988

The sun cashes in on acid house craze by giving away smiley shirts this is shortlived

The Sun gives away frowny T-shirts to promote anti drugs message

06/13/1988 - 6/13/1988

BBC Bans Jolly Roger's Acid man

07/01/1988

ITN News Films first Apocalypse Now Club and focuses on the spaced out kids rather than djs

08/01/1988

The Sun Investigates into Heaven nightclub

09/17/1988

The Sun investigates the Heaven Nightclub Owned by Richard Branson. and home to spectrum . Claiming "junkies" flaunt their craving by wearing t shirts sold at the club bearing messages such as "can you feel it?" and "drop acid not bombs" they had taken the term acid house and linked it to LSD rather than ecstasy .

American take on Acid house in 1988

10/10/1988

The Daily Mail Reports Evil Night of Ecstasy at Sunrise

11/05/1988

Summer of Rave Documentary 1989 video

01/01/1989

Sun runs front page headline "Spaced Out"

06/07/1989

sunrise party featured in sun article

The Sun Reports Ecstasy Airport

07/27/1989

Reports of youngsters "so drugged up they ripped the heads off pigeons"
and "at the end of the night the floor was covered in ecstasy wrappers" (this was actually foil that had fallen from the ceiling)

Government

Police Crack down on warehouse parties following a drugs related death

09/28/1988

Robert Darby and Leslie Thomas Imprisoned

Approx. 09/30/1988

Both men imprisoned for consiring to manage premises where drugs are supplied. after organising a boat party on the thames they are sentenced to 10 and 6 years imprisonment.

Police Raid Sunrise

11/05/1988

Police raid party and shut down music. by 5am the police withdraw as numbers at the party increase and police are massively outnumbered

Chief Superintendant Ken Tappenden sets up the Pay Party Unit

07/01/1989

The Polices Pay Party Unit is set up to Keep a database of information on Party organisers etc and entered onto the Holmes database.

Police monitor info lines for Energy party

07/20/1989

Police monitor phone lines trying to find wearabouts of the party

Police seal off access to energy party at Heston services

07/22/1989

over 1000 police seal off the entire area but ravers park up on the hard shoulder of the motorway and run across 6 lanes. enough people make it to the party the police are forced to let it go on

Jeremy Taylor of Energy Arrested by Police

09/22/1989

Jeremy Taylor arrested for causing a public nuisance following Energy event Dance 89

Police foiled in raiding Phantasy party

09/30/1989

Police are forced back by strikeforce security with cs gas and dogs infront of a TV news crew

Graham Bright (Tory Mp) pushes for the Entertainment s (increased penalties) Act.

10/01/1989

The polices "pay Party unit chases down known organisers.

Police stop Biology event and arrest Public Enemy at Heathrow Airport

10/21/1989

Centre Force Radio is raided the Djs are arrested and Echo's club is shut down

10/21/1989

Police car set alight during police battles with ravers trying to enter a party

12/01/1989

Tommy Smith and Tony Crefts run of events in Blackburn come to an end as police raid the party with 10,000 people inside

02/24/1990

The Increased Penalties Bill is passed

07/01/1990

Penalty to organising an illegal event is raised to £20,000 and 6 months in prison.

Police attempt to shut down the Hacienda in Manchester

07/21/1990

Following the death in 1989. After a lengthy court case the Hacienda stays open, it loses its original atmosphere as gangsters take over in the drug scene

836 Arrested at event in Yorkshire

07/21/1990

Love Decade raided 836 arrested and detained by police. One of the largest mass arrests in British history. Only 8 are charged

Superintendent Mick Bromwich of Coventry brands the scene as a "Fad" that "will be over in 3 months"

08/10/1990

284 Ravers arrested as police raid Mad Hatters Tea Party in Burnley Lancs

11/24/1990

Police Raid Spiral Tribe party in Warehouse in Acton

04/01/1992

police turn up in full riot gear, people barricade the entrances. The police use a JCB and sledge hammers to smash the wall. Eventually they break through storming the building beating people and making them lie face down on the floor. Over 100 people are injured. During the mayhem ITV turned up but is so freaked out by what it sees it leaves immediately.

Castle Morton

05/01/1992

Police move travelers on from the Avon free festival this results in a long standoff between police and travelers, the travelers eventually end up at Castle Morton Common
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=akVlY794QfY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOySsljl54E
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JITokEWBmLY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8EAJyArE7uQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ly5cFtR_Izc

4 Members of Spiral Tribe Arrested in Connetion to Castle Morton rave in 1992

01/01/1993

Charges of "conspiracy to cause a public nuisance" are eventually dropped as thousands of ravers and travelers up and down the country report themselves as witnesses making the processing of the case virtually impossible.
Interviews with Spiral tribe not related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCEKCseBQ8g
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vRNvhQApH6s

The Mother - Corby - Stopped by police

07/01/1993

After the success of Last years Castle Morton Festival. A bigger event is planned on the outskirts of Corby, it is to be called "The Mother"
Unknown to the organisers some one puts up posters in the area publicising the event and giving police access to mobile phone lines. The sound systems mange to crack the site , but a major police operation blocks off the whole area and the phone lines go dead.

The Criminal Justice Bill is put to parliament

09/01/1993

With the new rave clause, defining a 'Rave' as 100 or more people dancing outdoors to music "mainly comprising of repetitive beats" New powers for the police will include the right to detain anyone they believe is heading to an illegal rave and the right to confiscate the sound systems.

Other

Shoom Adopts Smiley Face Logo

Approx. 01/01/1988 - 01/01/1988

The logo goes on to be the symbol for acid house

Acid house becomes a phrase used only by the media, Parties begin to call themselves Raves. The term Raver is born

04/01/1989

Locations of parties are being kept secret

04/01/1989

In a bid to keep parties secret from police promoters use messaging services and pirate radio to coordinate people to differnent meeting points and eventually the venue, sometimes wrong directions were given intentionally where the police have no choice but to follow. once at the venue 1000s of people would descend in a matter of minutes making it impossible to police.

The Size of the parties increases causing national panic

07/01/1989

reports of over 20k people at one Sunrise event causes national panic, Reports of crazed teenagers tearing up and down motorways across the country some thing needed to be done.

16 year old Clair Leighton Dies after taking ecstasy at the Hacienda

07/30/1989

Freedom to Party Campaign marches in London against the Increased penalties bill 8000 people gather

01/27/1990

8000 people gather in Trafalgar square to hear speeches from promoters and djs. Amplified music is banned by the police. Chalky White is arrested by police as the demo is brought to a close

Alex Patterson and Jimmy Caut take over Djing at Land of Oz. Playing film music and animal noises. Ambient music is born

08/10/1990

Pandemonium are Joined by Mark Chaimberlain for dealing with police and councils.

08/10/1990

They do 3 sell out events in Maidly

Pirate Radio Kiss becomes the first pirate dance radio station to go legal

09/01/1990

Shelleys Allowed to keep its license after police object on grounds of serious overcrowding.

06/01/1991

Gideon is Sacked from Fantazia as a result of the ticket fiasco

06/01/1992

Gideon goes on to form Chapter III promotions and Obsession is born. The first event is held at the park, wormlow, cheshire