Rome was ruled by a representative government in which citizens voted for their representatives.
Direct Democracy in Athens
508 BC - 404 BC
Direct democracy was established in Athens whereby every citizen voted directly for laws.
400 - 1200
Most Europeans were bound by feudal loyalties. Peasants owed their loyalty to a lord, who in turn owed their allegiance to a higher lord or king. The king's power was limited by his obligations to his lords.
The Magna Carta
The King of England was forced to sign the "Great Charter" resulting in limiting his monarchal power. The king now had to consult his nobles before implementing taxes and going to war.
The King of England summoned nobles, knights, bishops, and two citizens from each town in England. This established a precedent for electing representatives to form Parliament, the legislature that made laws in England.
1661 - 1715
Establishes an absolute monarchy and controlled all aspects of government, from the military to the treasury.
The Glorious Revolution
Established a limited monarchy in England in which the power of the monarchy was severely limited by the laws and traditions established by Parliament.
The US Constitution
Established a representative democracy whereby citizens vote for representatives to make laws and a president to execute the laws.