Alien Land Law timeline

Main

California assembly votes down Drew alien land law bill.

2/3/1909

Bill had been amended at request of TR and Root so Japanese-only clause removed. Dramatic speeches reported. [Nashville American, 2/4/09]

Gov. Gillett and Speaker Stanton urge postponement following passafge of Japan school segregation bill.

2/5/1909

Have received telegram from President urging postponement.

Sen. Edmunds of VT says CA would be within sovereign rights in alien land bill, but bad idea.

2/9/1909

Lots of interest-based arguments [New York Times, 2/10/1909]

Bryan arrives in CA for meetings on alien land bills

4/1913

European syndicates protest proposed anti-alien law

4/9/1913

English and French capital in oil and mining protesting, mortgage holders alarmed. News that Wilson won't interfere. Completed bill drawn by Thompson subcommittee as substitute for Birdsall bill, will be taken up by Senate Judiciary committee tomorrow. [LA Times, 4/10/1913]

Japanese diplomats protest proposed anti-Japanese legislation, President hands off.

4/9/1913

Understood that neither Wilson nor Bryan will interfere. Japanese protest to be held by State until law passes, then understood that Japanese residents of CA will test law in the courts.

Viscount Chinda is directed by his gov't to protest against CA anti-alien bill

4/12/1913

Bill now seems to be in harmony with the treaty language, won't prevent Japanese from leasing land, will be tested in courts. [NYT, 4/13/1913]

Bryan telegrams Johnson warning that assembly bill may violate treaty, senate bill doesn't

4/19/1913

Presumed based on his meeting with Chinda [Atlanta Constitution, 4/20/1913]

Bill changed to give permission to aliens eligible, in response to Wilson request, for ineligibles depends on treaty rights.

4/29/1913

Act will prohibit all leasing of land.