Description: Beginning with the first schools in the new world (what would become the U.S), schools were one building with one large room. The students would all sit in the same room as each other, and would often be taught but different teachers all in the same class time. Teachers would be in the same classroom, and would work together to teach the class. Often, especially in the colonial times, there would be some sort of higher authority in the class room at all times, whether it was a senior church official, a governor appointed watchdog, or some other third thing. The subject taught in the class were regulated by the community and the church, and the watchdog would report directly to the community on what was being taught in the schools, and what may need to change. Children of differing ages and grade were in the same room, so it became the watchdog’s job to coordinate the teaching.
Pro: teachers were forced to work together to effectively reach all the differing students, and the community was more involved with what was going on in the daily lessons. Also, student had closer ties with their teacher, as they often had the same teacher for years.
Con: the church was involved with the education for decades, and there was no separation of the education of religious matter and worldly matter like math and reading. One-classroom schools were cramped, and often did not have too many supplies, as it was up to the teachers to buy all of the supplies for the students.
Environmental Impact: since schools were small, they took up little land, and many local recourses were used to build the schools.
Economical Impact: used local money to support the teachers, and to buy the supplies, often, the teachers were some of the poorest In the community, as tjey were not paid much, and they used their pay to buy supplies.
Societal Impact: increased the colonial learning, and layed the foundations for modern school systems.
Political Impact: as the schools were ran by the community, they formed the basis for the education. Later, governments began to regulate what was tought in the classes, the earliest was in the late 1690’s, when the crown of England tried to enforce new laws in the colonies.
Citations (Copy and Paste Links): http://library.thinkquest.org/J002606/1600s.html