Nathan's Year 3 Timeline

Main

Darby employs coke to smelt iron

1709 ad

Newcomen develops a steam driven pump

1712 ad

Improved hand loom halves time of weaving and ups yarn demand

1733 ad

Captain Cook claims Australia for Britain

1770 ad

Watt improves steam engine

1770 ad - 1779 ad

Arkwright invents water frames

1770 ad

Hargreave's spinning jenny is invented

1778 ad

French Constitutional Monarchy is Created

1789 ad

French National Assembly Takes Power as Voice of the People

1789 ad

Storming of Bastille Castle in Paris

1789 ad

July 14, 1789

French Revolution

1789 ad - 1799

Bill of Rights is Included in the U.S. Constitution

1791 ad

Estates-General Meets in France

1791 ad

France at War with European Neighbors

1792 ad - 1797 ad

Luis XVI and Marie Antoinette are Executed

1793 ad

Reign of Terror in France

1793 ad - 1799 ad

Slater constructs a textile mill

1793 ad

Whitney's cotton gin receives patent

1794 ad

The Directory Rules France

1795 ad - 1799 ad

XYZ Affair

1797 ad

John Adams is President

1797 ad - 1801 ad

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

1798 ad

Congress Passes Alien and Sedition Acts

1798 ad

Quasi-War with France

1798 ad - 1799 ad

Napoleon Seizes Power, Becoming First Consul

1799 ad

Jefferson and Burr receive same number of electoral votes.

1800 ad

Jefferson elected by majority vote in House of Representatives

Napoleon Invades Italy and Defeats Austria Twice in Battle

1800 ad

John and Abigail Adams Occupy Unfinished Executive Mansion

1800 ad

Later known as the White House

Napoleon Defeats Austrians in Italy

1800 ad

Second Italian campaign results in Treaty of Campo Formio

Thomas Jefferson serves as President of the U.S.

1801 ad - 1809 ad

Tripoli declares war on the U.S.

1801 ad

John Marshall becomes chief justice of the Supreme Court

1801 ad

Pope Pius VII Agrees to the Concordat of 1801

1801 ad

Britain Signs Treaty of Amiens with France

1802 ad

Napoleon sells Louisiana Territory to the U.S.

1803 ad

Ohio joins U.S. as seventeenth state.

1803 ad

Marbury V. Madison establishes the Principle of Judicial Review

1803 ad

Napoleon Sells Louisiana Purchase to America

1803 ad

Fulton's steamboat makes maiden voyage

1803 ad

Lewis and Clark set out on their expedition

1804 ad

Twelfth Amendment is added to the Consitution

1804 ad

Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor

1804 ad

Jefferson serves his second term as President

1805 ad - 1809 ad

Battle of Austerlitz

1805 ad

Battle of Trafalgar

1805 ad

Battle of Ulm

1805 ad

William Pitt the Younger Dies

1806 ad

Continental System Established by Napoleon

1806 ad

Jefferson outlawas foreign slave trade in America. Aaron Burr Tried for Treason

1807 ad

Congress passes Embargo Act

1807 ad

British ship Leopard fires on the American Chesapeake

1807 ad

France Fights the Peninsular War against Portugal and Spain

1807 ad - 1813 ad

Alexander I of Russia Treaties with Napoleon

1807 ad

Treaty at Tilsit after Napoleon's defeat of Prussia

Non-Intercourse Act replaces Embargo Act

1809 ad

James Madison is President

1809 ad - 1917 ad

Venezuela declares itself a Republic

1810 ad

Harrison wins the battle of Tippecanoe against Tecumseh

1811 ad

United States declares war on Great Britain

1812 ad

Jose de San Martin helps free Argentina

1812 ad

Napoleon's Grand Army Invades Russia with Disastrous Results

1812 ad

Jackson leads troops against the Creek Indians and Wins the Creek war

1813 ad - 1814 ad

Napoleon Defeated at Battle of Nations (Leipzig)

1813 ad

British invade and burn government buildings in Washington D.C.

1814 ad

"Star Spangled Banner" is written by Francis Scott Key

1814 ad

written after he observed the bombardment of Fort Mchenry

Treaty of Ghent signed on December 24

1814 ad

The Congress of Vienna convenes

1814 ad

Representatives from England, Prussia, Russia, Austria, France, and other countries

Bolivar is made dictator of Columbia

1814 ad

Uruguay wins freedom from Spain

1814 ad

Paraguay declares independence

1814 ad

Louis XVIII is king of France

1814 ad - 1824 ad

Allies Occupy Paris

1814 ad

Napoleon abdicates and is banished to the Isle of Elba

Andrew Jackson wins the battle of New Orleans against the British

1815 ad

Battle occurred after Treaty of Ghent was signed

Congress of Vienna redraws the map of Europe

1815 ad

Jackson becomes a war hero by winning the Battle of New Orleans

1815 ad

"100 Days" and Waterloo, Banishment to St. Helena

1815 ad

James Monroe Is President of the U.S.

1817 ad - 1825 ad

Mississippi is added to the Union

1817 ad

First Seminole War

1817 ad - 1818 ad

Jose de San Martin frees Chili from Spain

1818 ad

Illinois is added to the Union

1818 ad

Bolivar becomes president of Gran Columbia

1819 ad

Alabama is added to the Union

1819 ad

Maine is added to the Union as part of the Missouri Compromise

1820 ad

Panama declares its independence and joins Gran Columbia

1821 ad

Mexico wins independence from Spain

1821 ad

Greeks begin rebellion against Ottoman Turks

1821 ad

Napoleon Dies

1821 ad

Peru declare its independence

1822 ad

Pedro 1 declares Brazil independent

1822 ad

Stephan Austin establishes the first official colony in Texas

1822 ad

President Monroe proclaims the Monroe Doctrine in a speech before Congress

1823 ad

Tumultuous presidential elections end with Henry Clay supporting John Quincy Adams

1824 ad

Andrew Jackson claims a "corrupt bargain"

Charles X is king of France

1824 ad - 1830 ad

Bolivia declares its independence

1825 ad

Ecuador joins Gran Columbia

1825 ad

John Quincy Adams serves as the sixth president of the United States

1825 ad - 1829 ad

Congress Issues the Tariff of Abominations

1828 ad

Andrew Jackson's first term as president

1829 ad - 1833 ad

Jackson approves Indian Removal Act

1830 ad

Belgians declare and gain independence

1830 ad

London Protocol recognizes Greek independence

1830 ad

Louis Philippe becomes king of France after July Revolution

1830 ad - 1848 ad

Spasms of revolution convulse Europe

1830 ad

Mexico prohibits further American settlement in Texas

1830 ad

Joseph Smith publishes the Book of Mormon

1830 ad

Leopard I is king of Belgium

1831 ad - 1865 ad

Jackson vetoes the bill for rechartering the national bank

1832 ad

Leaders in the South pass the Ordinance of Nullification; Jackson threats use of force in response

1832 ad

Otto I rules as the first king of Greece

1832 ad - 1862 ad

Battle of Velasco is the first armed conflict of the Texas Revolution

1832 ad

The Reform Bill gives man middle class men the right to vote

1832 ad

Hudson Taylor lives

1832 ad - 1905 ad

Santa Anna becomes president of Mexico

1833 ad

Smith founds the Church of Christ (later renamed the Church of Jesus Christ if Latter-Day Saints)

1833 ad

Delegates sign Texas Declaration of Independence

1836 ad

Sam Houston becomes President of the Republic of Texas

1836 ad

Santa Anna's army destroys the Alamo

1836 ad

kiiling over 180 men including Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie, and William Travis

Around 350 Texans are massacred by the Mexican army at Goliad

1836 ad

Santa Anna's army is defeated by Sam Houston's Texan army

1836 ad

Marcus and Narcissa Whitman travel west

1836 ad

Victoria rules as queen of England

1837 ad - 1901 ad

Martin Van Buren is President

1837 ad - 1841 ad

Between 13000 and 17000 Cherokee Indians are forced to march the Trail of Tears

1838 ad

Two Opium Wars are fought between China and Britain

1839 ad - 1860 ad

So called "unequal treaties" are negotiated, opening more Chinese ports to trade and giving control of Hong Kong to Britain

Charles Darwin visits Australia

1840 ad

Victoria marries Albert, of Saxe-Cobourg.

1840 ad

William Henry Harrison is President

1841 ad

John Tyler is President

1841 ad - 1845 ad

Samuel Morse sends his famous telegraph messege

1844 ad

Texas is annexed to the United States via a joint act of Congress

1845 ad

James Polk is President

1845 ad - 1849 ad

The Irish potato famine ravages Ireland and many immigrate to the United States

1845 ad - 1848 ad

Mexican-American War

1846 ad - 1848 ad

Britain Signs Oregon Treaty

1846 ad

Thornton Affair

1846 ad

Indians attack the Whitmans mission and kill both Marcus and Narcissa

1846 ad

The Seminole Indians are the last of the Five Civilized Tribes forced west

1847 ad

Brigham young leads the latter-day saints to begin their migration to Utah

1847 ad

Francis Joseph I rules Austria

1848 ad - 1916 ad

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucrieta Mott organize the first women's rights convention

1848 ad

James Marshall discovers gold at John Sutter's sawmill in California

1848 ad

Revolution sweeps through Europe

1848 ad - 1849 ad

Zachary Taylor is president of the United States

1849 ad - 1850 ad

Victor Emmanuel II rules Sardina

1849 ad - 1878 ad

Millard Fillmore is president

1849 ad - 1853 ad

Austria puts down revolutions in Italy

1849 ad

California becomes a state of the Union as part of the Compromise of 1850 ad

1850 ad

James Drummond Dole founds the Hawaiian Pineapple Company

Approx. 1851 ad

Great Exhibition

1851 ad

Taiping Rebellion in China

1851 ad - 1854 ad

Napoleon III declares himself emperor of France

1852 ad

Commodore Matthew Perry negotiates trading agreement with Japan, ending its isolationism

1853 ad - 1854 ad

Franklin Pierce is President of the United States

1853 ad - 1857 ad

Florence Nightingale organizes an army hospital at Scutari

1854 ad

Crimean War

1854 ad - 1856 ad

Battle of Balaklava

1854 ad

Tsar Alexander II rules Russia

1855 ad - 1881 ad

Lord Palmerston is prime minister of Britain

1855 ad - 1865 ad

Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War

1856 ad

Sepoy Rebellion in India

1857 ad

Dred Scot case decided by Supreme Court

1857 ad

James Buchanan is president

1857 ad - 1861 ad

Great Britain takes direct rule of British India

1858 ad

First trans-Atlantic telegraph cable is successfully laid, connecting American and European telegraph networks

1858 ad

France and Sardinia defeat the Austrians in Northern Italy

1859 ad

John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry

1859 ad

Seven states secede from the Union and form the Confederate States of America

1860 ad - 1861 ad

Following Lincoln's election

Garibaldi takes Sicily and Naples

1860 ad

Prince Albert dies

1861 ad

Italy is united under Victor Emmanuel II, with exception of Venetia and Rome

1861 ad

Lincoln is the sixteenth president of the United States

1861 ad - 1865 ad

Battle of Ft. Sunter (April)

1861 ad

First battle of Bull Run (Manassas)(July)

1861 ad

Second battle of Bull Run (Manassas)(August)

1862 ad

Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburgh Landing)(April)

1862 ad

Battles of Ft. Henry and Ft. Donelson (February)

1862 ad

Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation (September)

1862 ad

Battles of Fredricksburg and Stones River

1862 ad - 1863 ad

Capture of New Orleans (May)

1862 ad

First battle of the Ironclads (March)

1862 ad

Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks)(May-June)

1862 ad

Battle of the Seven Days (June-July)

1862 ad

Bismarck leads first Prussia and then a united German Empire

1862 ad - 1890 ad

Battle of Chattanooga (September)

1863 ad

Battle of Chickamauga (September)

1863 ad

Emancipation Proclamation (January)

1863 ad

Battle of Chancellorsville (April-May)

1863 ad

Battle of Vicksburg (May-July)

1863 ad

Battle of Gettysburg (July)

1863 ad

Gettysburg Address (November)

1863 ad

Battle of Jonesborough (August)

1864 ad

Second Battle of Franklin (November)

1864 ad

Battle of Spotsylvania (May)

1864 ad

Battle of the Wilderness (May)

1864 ad

Battle of Cold Harbor (June)

1864 ad

Richmond-Petersburg Campaign (Siege of Petersburg)(June-March)

1864 ad - 1865 ad

Battle of Atlanta (July)

1864 ad

Prussia and Austria ally to defeat the Danes over Schleswig-Holstein question

1864 ad

Johnston surrenders to Sherman, effectively ending the Civil War (April 26)

1865 ad

Lincoln dies after being shot by John Wilkes Booth (April 15)

1865 ad

Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA (April 9)

1865 ad

The Thirteenth Amendment frees all black slaves

1865 ad

Andrew Johnson is President of the United States

1865 ad - 1869 ad

Italy is awarded Venetia by Austria

1866 ad

Prussia wins a brief but deciseive war with Austria

1866 ad

The Austro-Prussian War of 1866

America purchases Alaska

1867 ad

The Military Reconstruction Act divides the South into five military districts

1867 ad

William Gladstone is prime minister of Britain

1868 ad - 1874 ad

Benjamin Disraeli is prime minister of Britain (Feb-Dec)

1868 ad

President Andrew Johnson is impeached

1868 ad

The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees to all freed slaves the status of full U.S. Citizens

1868 ad

Transcontinental Railroad is completed

1869 ad

Ulysses S Grant is President of the United States

1869 ad - 1877 ad

Suez Canal is Completed

1869 ad

The doctrine of papal infallibility is first published

1870 ad

Italy gains control of Rome; Pope retains Vatican City

1870 ad

The Fifteenth Amendment gives all freed male slaves the right to vote

1870 ad

Prussians defeat France in the Franco-Prussian War

1870 ad - 1871 ad

Second French Empire falls

1871 ad

The Great Chicago Fire

1871 ad

German states are unified when the German Empire is declared at Versailles's Hall of Mirrors

1871 ad

Benjamin Disraeli is prime minister of Britain

1874 ad - 1880 ad

Prime Minister Disraeli purchases a sizable interest in the Suez Canal for Great Britain

1875 ad

Alexander Graham Bell's Telephone is patented

1876 ad

George Custer and his men are killed at Little Big Horn by the Sioux

1876 ad

Rutherford B. Hayes is President of the United States

1877 ad - 1881 ad

Thomas Edison invents electric lightbulb

1879 ad

William Gladstone is prime minister of Britain

1880 ad - 1885 ad

Tsar Alexander III rules Russia

1881 ad - 1894 ad

James A. Garfield is President of the United States

1881 ad

Chester Arthur is President of the United States

1881 ad - 1885 ad

Booker T. Washington helps found Tuskegee Institute

1881 ad

Congress passes Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 ad

1882 ad

Buffalo Bill travels wit his Wild West Show

1883 ad

Berlin Conference regulates European colonialism in Africa

1884 ad - 1885 ad

President Grover Cleveland's first term

1885 ad - 1889 ad

Lord Salisbury is prime minister of Britain

1885 ad - 1886 ad

Louis Pasteur's rabies vaccines is proved successful

1885 ad

William Gladstone is prime minister of Britain (Feb-July)

1886 ad

Lord Salisbury is prime minister of Britain

1886 ad - 1892 ad

Convention of Constantinople declares Suez Canal to be neutral zone under the protection of the British

1888 ad

Frederick III succeeds Wilhelm I as German emperor but dies after only 99 days

1888 ad

Wilhelm II, Frederick III's son, is German kaisar

1888 ad - 1918 ad

Benjamin Harrison is President of the United States

1889 ad - 1893 ad

Sherman Antitrust Act

1890 ad

Mississippi is the first southern state to enact Jim Crow Laws that effectively disenfranchise blacks

1890 ad

Louisiana passes a law that says that no "colored" people can ride in the same railroad cars with whites

1890 ad

First immigrants arrive on Ellis Island, beginning the mass immigration of the twentieth century

1892 ad

Homer Plessy challenges this law by attempting to take a purchased seat in a white-only railroad car

1892 ad

Progressive Party nominates its first presidential candidate: James B. Weaver

1892 ad

William Gladstone is prime minister of Britain

1892 ad - 1894 ad

A coup is organized against Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii

1893 ad

Grover Cleveland serves his second term as president of the United States

1893 ad - 1897 ad

Sanford B. Dole becomes president of the new Hawaiian government

1894 ad

Booker T. Washington's "Atlanta Address"

1895 ad

Lord Salisbury is prime minister of Britain

1895 ad - 1902 ad

The Supreme Court decision in "Plessy v. Ferguson" establishes the legal principle of "seperate but equal" segregation in the South

1896 ad

William Jennings Bryan's famous "Cross of Gold" speech wins him the Democratic presidential nomination and support from Populists

1896 ad

Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the U.S.

1898 ad