HIST 8

A growing timeline from the dawn of man to the death of Alexander the Great and beyond.

Main

Homo habilis

Approx. 1,900,000 BCE

Homo erectus

Approx. 1,900,000 BCE

Homo sapiens Idàltu

Approx. 160,000 BCE

Homo floresiensis

Approx. 70,000 BCE

Neanderthal Man

60,000 BCE

Mungo Man

Approx. 40,000 BCE

Occupation at Monte Verde

Approx. 12,000 BCE

Monte Verde in Chile, which was occupied some 14,500 years ago, provides a slightly different view of life for the early inhabitants of South America. Due to the quality of preservation at Monte Verde, natural materials such as wood, fiber, and cordage remain. Even a human footprint has been found there (metmuseum.org).

Neolithic Period

Approx. 10,000 BCE - Approx. 4,500 BCE

Gobekli Tepe

9,000 BCE

Permanent Settlement in Sumer

Approx. 5500 BCE

Susa founded

Approx. 4000 BCE

Early Jomon Period

Approx. 3800 BCE

Japan, c. 5,000 BCE - 2,500 BCE

Unification of Egypt

Approx. 3100 BCE

Mesoamerican Pottery

Approx. 2500 BCE

Rule of Sargon of Akkad

2270 BCE - 2215 BCE

Minoan Eruption

Approx. 1630 BCE

The volcanic eruption on Thera (modern Santorini) in c. 1630 BCE that leveled the complex Minoan civilization on this island in the Cyclades.

Micronesian Migrations

Approx. 1500 BCE

Battle of Megiddo

Approx. 1457 BCE

First Olympics

776 BCE

Rome Founded

753 BCE

Battle of Thermopylae

480 BCE

Classical Greece

480 BCE - 323 BCE

Death of Socrates

399 BCE

Death of Alexander the Great

323 BCE

Gallic Wars

58 BCE - 50 BCE

Assassination of Julius Caesar

44 BCE

Battle of Actium

31 BCE

BCE --> CE

0 CE

Eruption at Vesuvius

79 CE

This was the volcanic event that hit Pompeii.

Council at Nicea

325 CE

Death of Attila the Hun

453 CE

Charlemagne becomes Holy Roman Emperor

800 CE

The Crusades

1095 CE - 1291 CE

Columbus

1492

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

WWI

1914 - 1918

WWII

1939 - 1945

Pearl Harbor

1941

Vietnam War

1955 CE - 1975 CE

Sept. 11

2001

First Day of School

08/18/2014

Empires and Political Powers

Cycladic Civilization

Approx. 3400 BCE - Approx. 1800 BCE

Egypt's Early Dynastic Period

Approx. 3100 BCE - Approx. 2686 BCE

Egypt's Old Kingdom

Approx. 2686 BCE - Approx. 2181 BCE

Akkadian Empire

2334 BCE - 2193 BCE

Egypt's Middle Kingdom

Approx. 2055 BCE - Approx. 1650 BCE

Minoan Civilization

Approx. 2000 BCE - Approx. 1350 BCE

Hittite Empire

Approx. 1600 BCE - 1178 BCE

Mycenaean Civilization

Approx. 1600 BCE - Approx. 1100 BCE

Egypt's New Kingdom

Approx. 1550 BCE - Approx. 1069 BCE

Assyrian Empire

Approx. 1365 BCE - 609 BCE

Egypt's Late Period

Approx. 664 BCE - 332 BCE

Achaemenid Empire

550 BCE - 330 BCE

a.k.a., The Persian Empire

Ptolemaic Egypt

332 BCE - Approx. 30 BCE

Seleucid Empire

312 BCE - 63 BCE

Han Dynasty

206 BCE - Approx. 9 CE

Roman Empire

27 BCE - 1453 CE

Although the Western Roman Empire fell in 476 CE, the Eastern Empire continued in Constantinople until the Ottoman Turks took it.

The Huns

Approx. 100 CE - Approx. 800 CE

Sasanid Empire

Approx. 224 CE - Approx. 651 CE

Mayapan State

Approx. 1200 CE - 1441 CE

Ottoman Empire

Approx. 1299 CE - 1923 CE

Aztec State

Approx. 1350 CE - 1521 CE

British Empire

Approx. 1497 CE - Approx. 1997 CE

The exact end of the British Empire is difficult to pinpoint, as the process of decolonization was long and fraught with political issues. The end was a long one, taking up much of the 20th century.

Russian Empire

1721 CE - 1917 CE

This refers to Tsarist Russia and does not include the Soviet Union.

USSR

1917 CE - 1991 CE

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Cultural Milestones

The "milestones" listed here are based on their fame and overall influence on the history of mankind. There is obviously a Western bias inherent in this grouping.

Venus of Willendorf

Approx. 25,000 BCE

Lascaux

Approx. 15000 BCE

Tassili–n–Ajjer

Approx. 8000 BCE

Although cave painting and rock painting in Tassili–n–Ajjer continued for thousands of years, the first seems to have appeared around 8,000 BCE and represents a Sahara much different from today's.

Proto-Writing Appears

Approx. 6000 BCE

Beginning of Jewish Calendar

3760 BCE

This corresponds basically with the traditional Jewish belief concerning the creation of the world.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

2100 BCE

Code of Hammurabi

Approx. 1775 BCE

Composition of Mahābhārata

Approx. 1600 BCE

Lapita pottery

1250 BCE

The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer

Approx. 750 BCE

Pentateuch

Approx. 700 BCE

Euripides' Medea

431 BCE

Plato's Republic

Approx. 380 BCE

Bhagavad Gita

Approx. 50 BCE

The Aeneid of Virgil

19 BCE

Bayeux Tapestry

Approx. 1070 CE

The Divine Comedy

Approx. 1321 CE

Moai of Rapa Nui

Approx. 1350 CE

Guttenberg Bible

Approx. 1455 CE

The Unicorn Defends Himself

Approx. 1500 CE

Shakespeare's 1609 Quarto

1609

Declaration of Independence

1776 CE

James Joyce's Ulysses

1922

Important Figures in History

Several people in history have had major impacts on all that comes after them. This grouping is not exhaustive, of course, but it helps put all of history into some kind of chronological context.

Enheduanna

Approx. 2285 BCE - Approx. 2250 BCE

Amenhotep III

Approx. 1439 BCE - Approx. 1379 BCE

Akenaten

Approx. 1380 BCE - 1334 BCE

Solon

638 BCE - Approx. 558 BCE

Aeschylus

Approx. 525 BCE - Approx. 456 BCE

Sophocles

Approx. 497 BCE - Approx. 406 BCE

Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha

Approx. 480 BCE - Approx. 400 BCE

Euripides

Approx. 480 BCE - Approx. 406 BCE

Plato

Approx. 428 BCE - Approx. 347 BCE

Aristotle

384 BCE - 322 BCE

Demosthenes

384 BCE - 322 BCE

Alexander the Great

356 BCE - 323 BCE

Cicero

106 BCE - 43 BCE

Julius Caesar

100 BCE - 44 BCE

Augustus

63 BCE - 19 CE

Jesus

Approx. 5 BCE - Approx. 33 CE

This estimated lifespan is based on scholars' best current understanding of the historical Jesus. This is not a doctrine-based statement.

Constantine the Great

272 CE - 337 CE

Muhammed

Approx. 570 CE - 632 CE

Martin Luther

1483 CE - 1546 CE

Isaac Newton

1642 CE - 1727 CE

George Washington

1732 CE - 1799 CE

Mahatma Ghandi

1869 CE - 1948 CE

Mao Zedong

1893 CE - 1976 CE

Martin Luther King, Jr.

1929 CE - 1968 CE