Canadian Immigration Trends

Key Events

Confederation

1867

First Immigration Policy (Laissez-Faire)

1869

WW1

1914

WW2

1939

Canadian Bill of RIghts

1960

Multicultural Act of 1971

1971

First Long Term Immigration Policy

1990

September 11 (9/11)

2001

Race and Culture

Did not mention race or culture

1869

Chinese Head Tax/ Chinese Immigration Act

1885

1890s Did not care about ethnic origin, but rather attracting suitable farmers

1890

1905: Became more selective (ethnicity more important than occupation)

1905

Racism towards Chinese

1910

Policy: Only British, American, or high economic status or farmers

1931

Japanese relocation

1944

Repealed Chinese Exclusion Act

1949

1950s lowered entrance requirements (agreement with India, Pakistan and Ceylon)

1950

Immigration Act 1952 Biases- nationality, ethnicity, (pro:assimilate)

1952

Eliminated discrimination based on ethnicity or race

1962

Points System

1967

1990s: foreign credentials difficulties

1990

Bill C-11

2001

Who

English and French Settlement and Aboriginals

1820 - 1850

British (primarily), Scotland, an Ireland

1820 - 1830

British

1830 - 1867

Chinese (Gold Rush)

1860 - 1870

Mennonites, Icelanders, Jewish, and Hungarian groups

1874 - 1894

White Common Wealth, US, and lesser extent Northern Europe

1919 - 1945

British

1920 - 1930

Immigrants from Eastern Europe (previously non prefered)

1925 - 1930

British, Americans, Farmers, or wealthy individuals

1931 - 1945

Refugees, Poles, and Baltic people

1947 - 1957

Africa, Middle East, and South America

1962 - 1967

Britain and United States

1968 - 1982

Asians, Central and South America, and Caribbean

1978 - 1986

Decline from Europe

1978 - 1986

Refugees

1980 - 1989

US and India

1983 - 1984

Hong Kong

1985 - 1997

Vietnam

1987 - 1988

Poland

1989 - 1991

Philipines

1992 - 1994

India

1993 - 2008

China

1998 - 2008

Why

Growth

1830 - 1867

Gold Rush

1860 - 1879

Prairie Settlement

1874 - 1894

Transcontinental Rail

1874 - 1885

Agriculture

1890 - 1899

Railroad

1925 - 1930

Farming, mining, and logging

1931 - 1946

Agriculture and Population Growth

1947 - 1957

Skilled Workers

1950 - 1969

Economy

1985 - 2014

Growth

1990 - 2014

General Immigration Trends

Increase

1820 - 1867

Decrease

1867 - 1906

Increase

1896 - 1914

Decrease

1915 - 1945

Increase

1947 - 1957

Decrease

1958 - 1960

Increase

1962 - 2014