Archaic and Classical Greece (Simplified)

Example timeline for CLAS131

Persia

Cyrus (Medes, Lydians, Ionia, Babylon)

559 BCE - 530 BCE

Cambyses (Egypt)

530 BCE - 522 BCE

Egypt added to the Empire

Darius (Thrace)

522 BCE - 486 BCE

Xerxes

486 BCE - 465 BCE

Athens

Curse of the Alkmaeonids

Approx. 632 BCE

The curse began during Megacles' archonship due to his handling of Cylon's conspiracy.

Draco's Law Code

Approx. 621 BCE

Solon's Reforms

594 BCE

Pisistratids' Reign

560 BCE - 511 BCE

Pisistratus dies in 528/7, Hipparchus dies in 514, and Hippias is finally driven out in 511 ending the tyranny.

Kleisthenes' Reforms

508 BCE

Fortification of Piraeus

493 BCE

Silver Windfall at Larium

483 BCE

Leadership of DL

477 BCE

DL Treasury moved to Athens

454 BCE

Megarian Decree

Approx. 433 BCE

Second Athenian League

378 BCE - 338 BCE

Social War

357 BCE - 354 BCE

Sparta

Incorporation of Laconia

Approx. 750 BCE

1st Messenian War

730 BCE - 710 BCE

Hysiae

Approx. 669 BCE

Argives defeat Spartans, showing an earlier switch to hoplite warfare

2nd Messenian War

Approx. 650 BCE - Approx. 630 BCE

Focus on Army

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Formation of Peloponnesian League

Approx. 550 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

Helot Revolt

465 BCE - 462 BCE

Greece

Colonization

Approx. 800 BCE - Approx. 600 BCE

Olympics are Founded

Approx. 776 BCE

Adoption of Hoplite Warfare

Approx. 670 BCE - Approx. 630 BCE

Tyranny

Approx. 650 BCE - Approx. 500 BCE

Trireme Warfare Adopted

Approx. 500 BCE

Persian Wars

490 BCE - 479 BCE

Pentacontaetia

479 BCE - 433 BCE

First Peloponnesian War

461 BCE - 445 BCE

Peace of Callias

449 BCE

Peloponnesian Wars

431 BCE - 404 BCE

Peace of Nicias

421 BCE

Mantinea

418 BCE

Corinthian War

395 BCE - 386 BCE

Theban Hegemony

371 BCE - 362 BCE

Macedon's Ascendency

Approx. 360 BCE - 338 BCE

Chaeronea

338 BCE