History of the Common Law

House

House of Normandy

December 25, 1066 - December 19, 1154

Angevins

December 19, 1154 - October 28, 1216

Plantagenets

October 28, 1216 - Approx. September 30, 1399

Lancaster

September 30, 1399 - March 4, 1461

York

March 4, 1461 - August 22, 1485

Tudor

August 22, 1485 - March 24, 1603

Stuart

March 24, 1603 - August 1, 1714

Hanover

August 1, 1714 - January 22, 1901

Saxe-Coburg/Gotha

January 22, 1901 - May 6, 1910

Windsor

May 6, 1910 - February 6, 1952

Monarch

William 1

December 25, 1066 - 1087

William 2

Approx. September 26, 1087 - Approx. August 5, 1100

Henry 1

August 5, 1100 - 1135

Stephen

December 26, 1135 - 1154

Henry 2

December 19, 1154 - 1189

Richard 1

Approx. September 3, 1189 - Approx. May 27, 1199

John

Approx. May 27, 1199 - Approx. October 28, 1216

Henry 3

Approx. October 28, 1216 - Approx. November 20, 1272

Edward 1

Approx. November 20, 1272 - Approx. July 8, 1307

Edward 2

Approx. July 8, 1307 - Approx. January 25, 1327

Edward 3

Approx. January 25, 1327 - Approx. June 22, 1377

Richard 2

Approx. June 22, 1377 - Approx. September 30, 1399

Henry 4

September 30, 1399 - March 21, 1413

Henry 5

March 21, 1413 - September 1, 1422

Henry 6

September 1, 1422 - March 4, 1461

Edward 4

March 4, 1461 - April 9, 1483

Edward 5

April 9, 1483 - June 26, 1483

Richard 3

June 26, 1483 - August 22, 1485

Henry 7

August 22, 1485 - April 22, 1509

Henry 8

April 22, 1509 - January 28, 1547

Edward 6

January 28, 1547 - July 19, 1553

Mary 1, then + Philip

July 19, 1553 - November 17, 1558

Elizabeth 1

November 17, 1558 - March 24, 1603

James 1

March 24, 1603 - March 27, 1625

Charles 1

March 27, 1625 - 1649

INTERREGNUM

1649 - 1660

CHARLES 2

January 30, 1649 - February 6, 1685

James 2

February 6, 1685 - February 13, 1689

William and Mary

February 13, 1689 - 1694

William 3 (alone)

December 28, 1694 - 1702

Anne

March 8, 1702 - 1714

George 1

August 1, 1714 - 1727

George 2

June 11, 1727 - 1760

George 3

October 25, 1760 - 1820

George 4

January 29, 1820 - 1830

William 4

June 26, 1830 - 1837

Victoria

June 20, 1837 - 1901

Edward 7

January 22, 1901 - 1910

George 5

May 6, 1910 - 1936

Edward 8

January 20, 1936 - December 11, 1936

George 6

December 11, 1936 - 1952

Elizabeth 2

February 6, 1952 - Approx. 2014

Legal Authors/Books

Leges Henri Primici

1118

Glanville

1180 - 1189

MAJOR STATUTES

Assize of Clarendon

1166

Lateran Council (end of ordeals)

1215

Magna Carta

1215

Statute of Westminster

1285

Common Law Courts in the Country

Canute--Frankpledge

1035 - Approx. 1400

Local Viceroys

1100 - Approx. 1180

Circuits--EYRES

Approx. 1166 - Approx. 1350

First appointment of justices to enforce assizes

1166

Petty Assizes (Irregular)

Approx. 1180 - Approx. 1215

Magna Carta--assize must visit each county 2x/year

1215

Assize system developing

Approx. 1215 - Approx. 1300

Nisi Prius/Assize System

1285 - 1971

Common Law Courts in Westminster

Exchequer Chamber Court Established

1585

The Development of the Legal Profession

Roman Law Begins at Oxford

Approx. 1190 - 1200

Men begin to earn living as law men

Approx. 1200 - Approx. 1210

Pleaders identifiable class

Approx. 1230

Some kind of law school comes into existence

Approx. 1250 - Approx. 1300

Profession regulated--Westminster 1

1275

Serjeants organized into guild

Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1320

Serjeants called regularly in groups of 6-9

Approx. 1329

Development of the Inns as educational

Approx. 1350 - Approx. 1425

Apprentices are members of profession

Approx. 1485 - Approx. 1603

First documented Judge =/= Serjeant (except formally)

1519

Last judge required to become serjeant

1875

Development of the Law of Contract

Appearance of the Writ of Covenant

1200

Specialty Rule Emerges

Approx. 1270 - 1340

Assumpsit for Nonfeasance emerges

Approx. 1300 - 1400

Use of Capias Begins in Debt

1350

Chancery Starts to Unwind Penalty Provisions in Conditioned Bonds

Approx. 1400 - Approx. 1500

Doctrine of Consideration Emerges

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1600

Case for debt Argument

Approx. 1520 - 1605