A Short History of Asia

India

Mature Harappan Era

2600 bce - 1900 bce

Also called Indus Valley Civilization

Possible life of Gautama Buddha

563 bc - 483 bc

Achaemenid (Persian) Empire

550 bc - 330 bc

Possible origin of Mahabharata and Ramayana

Approx. 400 bc

Arrival Alexander the Great

326 bc

Death Alexander the Great

323 bc

Mauryan Empire

322 bc - 185 bc

Chandragupta Rule

322 bc - 298 bc

Lived: 340-298 BC

Ashoka Rule

269 bc - 232 bc

Lived: 304-232 BC

Menander I

165 bc - 130 bc

Date of birth: somewhere between 165-155

Gupta Empire

320 - 550

China

Xia dynasty

2070 bce - 1600 bce

*Dates from Wikipedia

Shang dynasty

1600 bce - 1046 bce

*Dates from Wikipedia
Mason writes that Shang ended in 1122 bce

Zhou dynasty

1046 bce - 256 bce

*dates from Wikipedia

Confucius

551 bce - 479 bce

Mengzi

372 bce - 289 bce

Important commentator of Confucius. In the west known as Mencius.

Xunzi

312 bce - 230 bce

Important commentator of Confucius

Qin dynasty

221 bce - 206 bce

*Dates from Wikipedia

Shi Huangdi

221 bce

The First Emperor came to power

Han dynasty

206 bce - 220

*Dates from WIkipedia

Invention of paper

105

Three Kingdoms

220 - 280

Wei, Shu and Wu

Sui dynasty

581 - 618

Reunited China after more than a century

Tang dynasty

618 - 907

*Dates from Wikipedia

Rebellion of An Lushan

755 - 763

Severely weakened the Tang dynasty

Song dynasty

960 - 1279

Northern Song (960-1127)
Southern Song (1127-1279)

Yuan dynasty

1279 - 1368

(Mongols)

Ming dynasty

1368 - 1644

Qing dynasty

1644 - 1912

First Opium War

1839 - 1842

Second Opium War

1856 - 1860

Boxer Rebellion

1898 - 1900

Japan

Taika reforms

646

Capital moved to Kyoto

794

Then called Heian

Minamoto Yoritomo becomes first Shogun

1185

Kamakura Government

1185 - 1333

Capital moved to Tokyo

1868

Cambodia

Khmer empire

802 - 1431

Start building Angkor Wat

Approx. 1130

Approximate date of start building Angkor Wat (During the reign of Jayavarman II)

Capital moved to Phnom Penh

1434

After attack from Thai (Ayudhya)

Vietnam

Annam, province of China

111 bc - 938

Champa

Approx. 650 - 1471

Mongol invasion

1283

Le dynasty

1428 - 1788

Mongolia

Genghis Khan rule

1206 - 1227

Kublai Khan rule

1260 - 1294

World History

To compare

Pyramids of Giza

2560 bce - 2540 bce

Construction of the pyramids

Classical Greek Era

510 bce - 323 bce

Roman Empire

27 bce - 476

Charlemagne

Approx. 747 - 814

(Date of birth not known)

Islam's capture of Jerusalem

1076

Marco Polo

1254 - 1324

Columbus "discovers" America

1492

Vasco da Gama reaches India

1498

Foundation of East Indian Company

1600

Dutch EIC: 1602

Napoleonic Wars

1803 - 1815