Fraser Island History

Main

Captain Cook names Indian Head

1770

Pastoral Land Use- Cattle and Sheep

1842

Vegetation Loss as a result of grazing

Forestry- Kauri Pine and Satinay logged extensively

1863 - 1991

After the Gympie gold rush demand for timber boomed and logging became the island's major industry. Deforestation of large trees and logging roads constructed to access trees

Conflict between settlers and Native Aboriginees

1880

This conflict caused disease and affected the Aboriginal Community immensely, bringing their numbers down.

Tourism Begins

1930

First commercial tours and accommodation on Fraser Island.

Sand Mining for heavy minerals

1949 - 1976

Dunes were destroyed as a result of sand mining

FIDO- Fraser Island Defence Organisation starts

1974

Sand Mining ceased

1976

State forest changes to National Park

1992

Logging stopped

Island Listed as World Heritage Site

1992

Local and international tourism on the island increases after announced world heritage site