Timeline of pressures faced by the ISC

Political developments

Major government

Approx. December 1990 - 2 May 1997

1992 general election – Conservative victory

9 April 1992

1997 general election – Labour victory

1 May 1997

Blair government

2 May 1997 - 27 June 2007

2001 general election – Labour victory

7 June 2001

2005 general election – Labour victory

5 May 2005

Brown government

27 June 2007 - 11 May 2010

2010 general election – hung Parliament

6 May 2010

Cameron (Coalition) government

11 May 2010 - Approx. May 2015

Coalition Agreement

11 May 2010

Legislation

Security Service Act 1989

April 1989

Intelligence Services Act 1994

May 1994

Human Rights Act 1998

November 1998

Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (RIPA) 2000

July 2000

Terrorism Act 2000

July 2000

Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001

December 2001

Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005

March 2005

Terrorism Act 2006

March 2006

Counter-Terrorism Act 2008

November 2008

Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Act 2011

December 2011

Justice and Security Act 2013

April 2013

Security challenges

'The Troubles'

Approx. 1990 - 10 April 1998

1997 Good Friday Agreement

10 April 1998

Operation Palliser

7 May 2000 - September 2001

9/11 attacks

11 September 2001

War in Afghanistan

7 October 2001 - Approx. December 2014

Iraq War

19 March 2003 - 15 December 2011

Madrid train bombings

11 March 2004

7/7 bombings

7 July 2005

'Arab Spring'

18 December 2010 - Approx. 2015

Libya conflict

March 2011 - September 2011

Syrian civil war

15 March 2011 - Approx. December 2014

Media controversies

Allegations of SIS complicity in extraordinary rendition

Approx. 2002 - Approx. 2011

Accusations of 'sexed-up' intelligence following 2003 invasion of Iraq

Approx. June 2003 - Approx. 2005

Death of Dr David Kelly

17 July 2003

Publication of Butler Review

4 July 2004

Media pressure on MI5 following 7/7 bombings

Approx. 2006 - Approx. 2009

Blair government refuses to hold public inquiry into 7/7 bombings

January 2006 - December 2006

Independent coroner's inquest into the 7/7 bombings

October 2010 - 9 May 2011

Snowden revelations

5 June 2013 - Approx. August 2014