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World History

General world history

Columbus Sets Sail for New World

08-03-1492

Land is sighted on October 12th

Leonardo da Vinci begins painting the Mona Lisa

10/1/1503

Michelangelo's Statue of David Unveiled in Florence

09/08/1504

Martin Luther Posts His 95 Theses

10/31/1504

Suleiman the Magnificent's Reign as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

09/30/1520 - 09/07/1566

Ivan IV "The Terrible" Grand Prince of Moscow

12-03-1533 - 01-16-1547

Copernicus publishes his theory of heliocentricity

05-24-1543

Ivan the Terrible Becomes Czar

01-17-1547 - 03-28-1584

On January 17th Ivan IV had himself crowned the czar of all of Russia. He was the first Russian ruler to be crowned czar.

Roanoke Colonists Arrive

07-04-1584

In 1587, the Virginia Company, financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsored the first permanent English settlement in the New World. One hundred men and 17 women landed on Roanoke Island, off of the Virginia coast. John White returned to England to obtain additional supplies. When he returned, nearly three years later, he found a deserted colony. The only clue as to the whereabouts of the colonists was the word "CROATOAN." To this day, the fate of these colonists remains a mystery.

Sante Fe Founded

01-01-1598

The city of Santa Fe was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west; the village was called Ogapoge.

New Mexico was settled by the Spanish in attempt to colonize the region. The first colonial efforts were made by Don Juan de Onate. In 1598 de Onate called this region "Sante Fe de Nuevo Mexico". His initial capital was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros, north of Sante Fe. New Mexico’s second governor moved the capital to its present location, Sante Fe, in 1610. Thus, Santa Fe became the oldest capital in the United States.

Irish Revolt Against the English

08/14/1598

Gunpowder Plot

11/05/1605

Guy Fawkes

Jamestown Settlement

05-04-1607

King James I of England granted the London Company a charter to settle the southern part of English North America. 144 men embarked on three ships to settle on the James River. The settlers endured many trials, but Jamestown became the first permanent English settlement in North America.

First Blacks Arrive in Jamestown

08-20-1619

On August 20, 1619, a Dutch ship arrived at Jamestown. The ship carried on board twenty captured Africans, who were sold as slaves at Jamestown. The initial Blacks to arrive were considered indentured servants (servants who were bound by contract). At that time there were many whites in similar circumstances. These Blacks were freed many years later, when the terms of their servitude contract ended.

Mayflower Lands at Plymouth

12-21-1620

One hundred and two individuals, most of whom were Puritans, received a grant of land on which to set up their own colony. They set sail from England on the Mayflower, arriving in Massachusettes in December. When they landed, the colonists called their new home "New Plymouth." The colonists all signed the "Mayflower Covenant" before landing, promising to establish "just and equal laws."

On September 6th, 1620, the Mayflower left Plymouth, England. The second part of the voyage was stormy, but finally, on November 11th, the ship anchored off of Cape Cod. The members of the Mayflower spent over six weeks exploring different location to find an appropriate one to settle. On December 21st the Pilgrims made their first landfall at Plymouth Harbor.

Treaty of Copenhagen

06-01-1660

The Treaty of Copenhagen was signed in June 1660, bringing an end to the war between Sweden and Denmark. The agreement established the boundaries between Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Those boundaries have endured until today.

Pennsylvania Founded As a Colony

03-04-1681

On March 4, 1681, Charles II of England granted a land tract to William Penn for the area that now includes Pennsylvania because of a £16,000 debt the King owed to Penn's father. Penn founded a colony, providing for it as a place of religious freedom for Quakers, and named it for his family "Penn" and the "woods" (from Latin) sylvania.

LaSalle Claims Mississippi

04-09-1682

Robert Cavalier LaSalle and a large party of Frenchmen and Indians traveled the entire length of the Mississippi from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. On April 9, 1682 they arrived at the Gulf of Mexico and claimed the entire waterway for France.

Peter the Great Rules in Russia

05-07-1682 - 11-02-1721

The Russian Czar Peter, becomes the first Russian leader to leave his country. He undertakes a secret visit to Holland, France and England. Peter returns to Russia determined to westernize the country.

After a rule that lasted 42 years Peter the Great died. He was 52 years old, and during his reign Russia had been transformed.

John Locke Publishes Two Treatises of Government

01-01-1690

In 1690 John Locke the English philosopher published the "Two Treatise of Civil Government". The book presented the theory of a limited monarchy. It stated that a social contract existed between those governed and those being governed. Lockes work was influential in the development of the theories of democratic government.

Salem Witch Trials

02-01-1692 - 05-01-1693

The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of twenty people, most of them women.

The Act of Union of Great Britain

05/01/1707

Great Britain came into being with the union of England and Scotland. Scottish laws remained in effect, but the Scottish Parliament was abolished and instead Scotland sent representatives to the English Parliament.

Slave Revolts in South Carolina

01-01-1739

Three separate slave revolts shook South Carolina in 1739. The largest took place in Charleston. It resulted in the death of 21 Whites and 44 Blacks. Other revolts took place at Stone River and St. John's Parish. In all the revolts, the Black slaves were attempting to head to Spanish lands and the promise of freedom.

Seven Years' War

01-01-1756 - 01-01-1763

The Seven Years' War was a war that took place between 1754 and 1763 with the main conflict being in the seven-year period 1756–1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.

Treaty of Paris (1763)

02-10-1763

The Treaty of Paris was signed bringing to an end the French and Indian War in North America and the Seven Years War in Europe, Asia and Africa. Under the terms of the treaty France retained Guadeloupe and Martinique. France ceded all of what is today Canada to Great Britain and ceded Louisiana territory to Spain. Spain regained the Phillipines and Cuba. France was allowed to maintain a trading post in Bengal India, but was not allowed to fortify it.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

09-03-1783

The Treaty of Paris was signed between the United States, Great Britain, France and Spain. It brought to an end the American Revolutionary War. Great Britain recognized the United States. The Northern borders of the US were set, and Louisiana territory was open for trading.

French Revolution

07-14-1789

The near collapse of the French government’s finances forced King Louis XVI to call the first meeting of the Estates-General since 1614. The assembly was made up of three groups, The First Estate- consisting of clergy, the Second Estate consisting of nobles, and the Third Estate consisting of the common men. When the meeting opened at Versailles on May 5, 1789 the Third Estate demanded that instead of each Estate having only 1 vote thus assuring the dominance of the nobility each deputy should receive 1 vote. When their proposal was not accepted the Third Estate declared that they would meet separately to draw up a constitution for France. When they arrived at their declared meeting place they found it locked and instead met at a nearby indoor tennis court. There the deputies signed an oath that became known as the Tennis Court oath, in which they declared to meet until they had written a new constitution for France. Louis XVI prepared to move against the Third Estate. Before he could take action the commoners took to the streets and stormed the Bastille, the Paris prison. They freed all the prisoners, and dismantled the prison. Louis XVI lost control of the army and effectively became a prisoner in Versailles. Rebellions broke out throughout France. On August 26th, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man, and eliminated all aristocratic privileges. On October 5th thousand of Parisian women forced the king from Versailles and back to Paris.

Act of Union (Annex of Ireland)

05-05-1800

Great Britain annexed Ireland in the Act of Union on May 5, 1800. The Irish Parliament was dissolved and Ireland gained representation in the British Parliament.

Napoleon Reigns as Emperor of the French

05-18-1804 - 04-11-1814

Battle of Waterloo

06-18-1815

News reached Napoleon at Elba of French discontent with renewed Bourbon rule. Napoleon decided to make another bid for power. On March 1, 1815 Napoleon landed in Cannes with 1,500 men. On March 20th he entered Paris. This began the 100 days. The major European powers united to oppose Napoleon each committing 180,000. The commander of the Allied forces became British General Wellington, who found himself in command of over 1,000, 000 men. On June 18th the Battle of Waterloo took place. Napoleon hurled his army against that of Wellington. The allied lines held, and Wellington received crucial reinforcements from Blucher. Napoleon's forces were defeated and he fled back towards Paris. On June 22nd he surrendered to allied forces. Napoleon spent the rest of his life imprisoned on the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic.

Triple Alliance (1882)

05-20-1882 - 07-28-1914

The Triple Alliance was created when Italy joined Germany and the Astro- Hungarian empires. In 1884 Russia agreed to renew the Three Emperors Alliance between Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany. Under its terms the members were required to maintain neutrality in the case of any war involving its members.

World War I

07-28-1914 - 11-11-1918

Family History

Family history events

Mary Miles

01-01-1553

Henry Sacherel

01-01-1554

John House

01-01-1566 - 09-01-1630

i. bn. Eastwell, England

John Kendall

01-01-1580 - 03-21-1660

i. bn. Norfolkshire, England
d. Cambridgeshire County, England
m. 11-25-1605; Norfolk County, England w/ Elizabeth Sacherel

Thomas Dunn

01-01-1581

i. bn. Scotland

Elizabeth Sacherel

01-01-1584 - 1-1-1640

i. bn. Cambridgeshire, England
d. Cambridgeshire County, England

John Lothrop

12-01-1584 - 11-05-1653

i. bn. England
d. Barnstable County, Massachusetts

John and Alice House - Marriage

01-01-1592

i. between 1592-1625

Hannah House

1-1-1594 - 02-16-1633

i. bn. Fordwich, England
d. London, England
m. Eastwell, England; 10-10-1610 w/ John Lothrop

Margaret Greenfield

1-1-1595 - 1-1-1651

i. bn. England
d. Woburn, Massachusetts

Thomas Dunn

01-01-1601

i. bn. Ireland

John Kendal and Elizabeth Sacherel - Marriage

11-25-1605

i. in Norfolk County, England

Edward FitzRandolph

07-05-1607 - 1-1-1685

i. bn. Sutton-in-Ashfield, England
d. Piscataway, New Jersey
br. Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery, Edison, NJ

Samuel Fuller

01-01-1608 - 10-31-1683

i. bn. Redenhall, England
d. Barnstable, Massachusetts

John Lothrop and Hannah House - Marriage

10-10-1610

i. in Eastwell, England

John Tidd and Margaret Greenfield - Marriage

1-1-1614

i. in Yarmouth, England

Jane Lothrop

9-29-1614 - 1-1-1659

i. bn. Egerton, England
d. Barnstable, Massachusetts

Francis Kendall

1-1-1618

i. ca. 1618-1621; Kents, England (?)

Elizabeth Blossom

7-5-1620

i. bn. Leiden, Netherlands

John Dunn

10-15-1620

i. bn. Kirk Merrington, Durham, England

Mary Tidd

1-1-1624

i. bn. England

Isaac Mixer Jr.

1-1-1630

Nicholas Bonham

1-1-1630 - 07-20-1684

i. bn. England
d. Piscataway, New Jersey

Hannah Fuller

1-1-1636 - 1-1-1685

i. bn. Scituate, Massachusetts
d. Piscataway, New Jersey

Rebecca Garfield

1-1-1640 - 1-1-1682

Francis Kendall and Mary Tidd - Marriage

12-24-1644

i. in Woburn, Massachusetts

Rebecca Bemis

1-1-1654

Thomas FitzRandolph

08-16-1654

i. bn. Barnstable County, Massachusetts

Samuel Kendall

03-08-1659

i. bn. Woburn, Massachusetts

Rebecca Mixer

03-09-1660

i. bn. Watertown, Massachussets

Edmund Dunham Sr.

07-25-1661

i. bn. Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Mary Bonham

10-04-1661

i. bn. Barnstable County, Massachusetts

Thomas Harrington

1-1-1665

Elizabeth Manning

1-1-1669

i. bn. Barnstable County, Massachusetts

Edmund Dunham Sr. and Mary Bonham - Marriage

07-15-1681

i. in Piscataway, New Jersey

Samuel Kendall and Rebecca Mixer - Marriage

11-13-1683

i. in Woburn, Massachusetts

Thomas FitzRandolph and Elizabeth Manning - Marriage

11-23-1686

i. in Piscataway, New Jersey