Magna Carta was the earliest document in the development of the rule of law that was created for individual rights and freedoms. It was established in 1215 in Great Britain. The document decreased the power of the King and ensured rights for all citizens.
The Renaissance means "rebirth". This was a time of incredible social, political, societal, and intellectual changes in all of European History. The Renaissance humanists expressed beliefs in human worth and dignity.
The Iroquois were also commonly known as the "Haudenosaunee". The First Nation's people had been at war with each other for quite some time until they decided to all come together and create a strong, spiritual, functioning group created a confendancy. They were then known as the "Six Nations"
This period of time was when it all started for all of Europe, economically this was the biggest boom for Europe as the benefitted from their discoveries. This was the height of their success in history just before it eventually came down.
The Reformation was the restructure of the Church in Europe. It began when German Pastor Martin Luther accused the traditional Roman Catholic Church of corrupting and having too much power. There was a extreme need for a reform, it was created and there was a new denomination constructed.
The Age of Enlightenment was a period of time when the concepts and beliefs of the renaissance and reformation became known. The European Philosophers promoted their concepts and ideas that one day led to the development of classical liberalism.
John Locke was known as the "Father of Liberalism" and was a successful British doctor and philosopher. He expressed ideas that all people have right to life, liberty and ownership of property. He also believe that people should have a contract ensuring the government agrees to protect their right and if the governments fails to do so they lose the right to rule and a new government should be set by the people.
Baron de Montesquieu was a French political thinker during the Enlightenment. He was best known for his concept of the separation of powers (legislative, executive and judicary) and he influenced governments world wide. Montesquieu also believed that the class system in France and slavery through-out the world should end. He also expressed the concept of classifying different systems of governments (dictatorship).
The Industrial Revolution was a period of time when citizens went from peasant farmers and working for an employer to working in the city and farming their own land. The people of the Industrial Revolution became responsible for their own lives. It changed aspects of life for all citizens socially, economically and pollitcally.
Jean Jacques Rousseau was an Enlightenment Philosopher, he was famous for his successful work in music, literature and mathematics. He believed people are naturally good but are corrupted by society and that ownership of private property enables jealousy and crime. He also believe all religion are of equal worth.
Adam Smith was a Scottish Philosopher that was famous for his concept "Laissez-Faire" and he was referred to as the "Father of Modern Economics". Smith believed that people should have the right to make their own decision and attain economic freedom. He also believed that self-interest benefits all of society.
The American Revolution was the reason behind the United States of America we know today. America declared themselves independent from Great Britain and went into a state of isolation. In 1776, they establish the "Declaration of Independence" creating a republican government.
The French Revolution started when French Society was separated into class structure and the citizens of France became fed-up with their rights and the ruling of their King, who was spending all of their country's funds for his own selfish needs and wants. France was also fighting in a war, therefore France became bankrupt, poor and in debt. The citizens of France fought for equality and the Declaration of the Rights of Man was signed in 1789 creating the French Revolution.
John Stuart Mill was best known for his perspectives on liberty, human rights and the Philosophy on Utilitarianism, the "Greatest Happiness Principle". He expressed concepts of free speech and an end to slavery. Mill also believed and practiced ideas of equality to women and individual's having the right to do whatever he/she wants as long as there is no harm involved.