psychology figures

people are listed by birth, in "notes" I've listed a few of their contributions

Main

Charles Darwin

Approx. 1809 - Approx. 1882

theory of evolution

Wilhelm Wundt

1832 - 1920

founded the first psychology lab, structuralism

William James

1842 - 1910

functionalism

Christine Ladd-Franklin

1847 - 1930

theory of color vision, was also mathematician

Ivan Pavlov

1849 - 1936

conditioned reflex with salivating dogs

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

psychotherapy

Mary Whiton Calkins

1863 - 1930

first female president of APA, studied dreams, memory, and self-psychology

Margaret Floy Washburn

1871 - 1939

first woman granted PhD in psychology, focused on comparative psychology, published "The Animal Mind: A Textbook of Comparative Psychology"

Carl Jung

1875 - 1961

(1875–1961) Carl Jung: analytical psychology, ideas of the "introvert" and "extrovert"

John Watson

1878 - 1958

behaviorism

Gilbert Haven Jones

1883 - 1966

first African American to receive PhD from German school

Francis Sumner

1895 - 1954

first african american to receive PhD in psychology, studied "Psychoanalysis of Freud and Adler"

Jean Piaget

1896 - 1980

"genetic epistemology", early childhood, cognitive development

Carl Rogers

1902 - 1987

humanist, psychotherapy research

B. F. Skinner

1904 - 1990

radical behaviorism, operant conditioning

Harry Harlow

1905 - 1981

dependency and social isolation with monkeys

Solomon Asch

1907 - 1996

contributions to Gestalt psychology and social psychology

Abraham Maslow

1908 - 1970

Maslow's hierarchy of needs, self-actualization

Kenneth Clark

1914 - 2005

and Mamie Phipps Clark (April 18, 1917 – August 11, 1983): African American psychologists, doll experiments with race led racial segregation to be deemed unconstitutional

Leon Festinger

1919 - 1989

cognitive dissonance, social comparison theory

Richard Lazarus

1922 - 2002

theory of cognitive-mediational theory within emotion, focus on emotions

Albert Bandura

1925 - Present

(1925 - present) Albert Bandura: social learning theory, self-efficacy

Lawrence Kohlberg

1927 - 1987

moral judgement, moral development

Stanley Milgram

1933 - 1984

study on obedience to authority