Amerinds inhabited this area. Hunters and gatherers. Were constantly in war. Culturally varied, spoke different languages and were nomadic.
People became more sedentary, used agriculture. Referred to as Mountain Builders because burial and temple mound they had built in the Piney Woods of East Texas.
American indians in Texas
Inhabited the high Plains of central TX. Hunters of buffalo, bison, elk, deer and antelope. Comanches were nomadic tribes who dominated most of the commerce of the Plains. Apaches and Comanches were eternal enemies because the Comanches arrived later.
Lived in West Texas. The Jumanos were traders. They traded with the Caddos and the Mississipians. Trade area covered a large part of the TX panhandle and central TX.
Inhabited the area of San Antonio to Del Rio. One of the harshest territories in the state. They lived on native plants, and insects and reptiles.
Largest and most powerful group in Texas. Located in East Texas. Performed agriculture and hunted game. They were friendly to white men in the first years of contact. Disappeared due to disease.
Tribe located along the Gulf Coast (Galveston and Corpus Christi). Hunters and gatherers and nomadic.
Lived over the Balcones Escarpment. Hunters, fishers, and gatherers. Lived in buffalo-hide teepees. Maintained themselves in the area of Edwards Plateau.
Shipwrecked in Galveston. Explores the area for 6 years and reaches Mexico City. Tells the legend of the Seven Cities of Gold.
Expedition led by more than 300 men. Passed through NM, western and northern TX and part of KS. He was looking for the cities of gold. He claimed for Spain all the territory explored. Priests began to build their missions.
Corpus Christi de la Isleta, near El Paso.
Sieur de laSalle established Fort St. Louis. The colonists that came with him had a disastrous journey and left for Louisiana two years later. LaSalle was killed by his own men.
The Alamo was built. The San Antonio de Bexar fort was built. More people began to populate the San Antonio area. Other towns were created: Goliad and Nacogdoches.
Mexican colonization of the Rio Grande area led to the establishment of Mexican cattle kingdoms, land lines and other Spanish laws, and Mexican frontiersmen who decided to stay (Tejanos).
In the year Mexico gained independence from Spain, Austin gets permission from the Mexican government to settle a colony in the Brazos River region. First land given to Anglos. It also trickled the settlement of more Anglos in the area due to the fertile and inexpensive lands (GTT Gone to Texas).
Strain the the relationship between Anglos and Mexicans started. Mexico banned further emigration into TX.
Mexico arrests Austin for a year. In 1835, Austin is convinced that a war with Mexico was necessary in order to become free. Tensions between Mexico and Texas grow.
Mexican troops tried to take the cannon in Gonzalez. This was the first battle for TX independence.
Sam Houston was commander of the TX army. He sends Travis to the Alamo to defend themselves from Santa Ana's army. Travis gathers 189 men.
Lasted 13 days. All defenders were dead. David Crockett, Jim Bowie and Travis were killed. A small number of women, children and slaves were spared by Santa Ana. Susanna Dickinson spread the word of what happened and told Houston that resistance was hopeless.
Prepared overnight as the Alamo was under siege by Santa Ana.
Texas wins the war against Santa Ana, becomes independent. Santa Anna is then captured. Treaty of Velazco, MX removes troops. Sam Houston becomes the president of the Republic of Texas.
Texas is in talks with the U.S to become part of that country. Many northern states are hesitant as they viewed Texas as a slave state. Austin becomes the capital in 1839.
Under President Polk, Texas becomes a state. Houston becomes the governor.