Physical Education

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First gymnastics club established

1848

4-5 ADDITIONAL DETAILS:
- German immigrants influenced the practice of gymnastics.

  • These immigrants were the first people to bring the influence of gymnastics in America.

  • Multiple buildings and rooms were built to practice gymnastics.

  • Most of these buildings were developed in Mid-Western areas.

I used The History of Physical Education for research.

YMCA gets created

1851

The first YMCA opened in Boston.

I used YMCA for information.

The Normal Institute for Physical Education was founded

1861

4-5 ADDITIONAL DETAILS:
- This institute was founded in Boston.

  • It led men and women to teach about gymnastics.

-This was the first institution in America that focused on physical education.

  • About 500 teachers completed the program.

I used Founding of the Normal Institute for Physical Education for research.

Football was invented

1879

Football was invented by Walter Camp.

I used Invention of Football for information.

Advancing Physical Education

1885

William G. Anderson gathered those who were also interested in physical education and then they created the Association for the Advancement of Physical Education.

I used History of Physical Education for information.

Basketball is invented

1891

Dr. James Naismith invented basketball at YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.

I used Invention of Basketball for information.

Louisiana requires physical education

1894

I used the Physical Education History Timeline for information and research.

The first sandbox was built

1896

I used the Physical Education History Timeline for information and research.

Women's College Basketball

1896

This game was between University of California and Stanford.

I used the Physical Education History Timeline for information and research.

North Dakota requires physical education

1899

I used the Physical Education History Timeline for information and research.

NCAA Formed

1906

I used the Physical Education History Timeline for information and research.

American College of Sports Medicine

1954

This was created so that doctors could share their information to help other people live healthier lifestyles.

I used American College of Sports Medicine was founded for information.

California requires physical education

1966

Presidential Physical Fitness Award

1966

This was created by Lyndon B. Johnson.

I used Presidential Physical Fitness Award was created for information.

Special Olympics

1968

This was the start of the International Special Olympic Summer Games.

I used Special Olympics Begins for information.

Title IX

1972

4-5 ADDITIONAL DETAILS:
- Title IX is part of the Education Amendments of 1972 and it protects people from being discriminated against based on sex in education.

  • This covers multiple agencies such as 16,000 school districts and 3.200 universities.

  • Title IX says that you cannot discriminate based on if a female is pregnant.

  • If someone feels like they have been discriminated they can file a complaint with OCR and Title IX.

I used Title IX and Sex Discrimination for information and research.

Javits Amendment of 1974

1974

This amendment's job was to oversee sport participation.

I used the Physical Education History Timeline for information and research.

Disabled Americans Act

1990

4-5 ADDITIONAL DETAILS:
- This act ended discrimination against people with disabilities.

  • It included public services, employment practices, and transportation in the law.

  • This law says that applies with sport and physical education.

  • It also requires that the facilities have to provide equal rights for those who are disabled.

I used History of Physical Education for research.

No Child Left Behind Act

2001

4-5 ADDITIONAL DETAILS:
- This policy was created by the Bush Administration, which is a program that tried to help children get better scores on standardized tests across America.

  • It doesn't mention physical education classes.

  • The act has led to cuts in funding for health classes in general.

  • It implies that P.E. is not an important core class that needs to be focused on.

  • It has also led to the shutting down of schools because of the stress it puts on teachers.

I used Physical Education in Public Schools for research.

SPARK Program

2011

This program wants to improve the health all people through physical education.

I used History of Physical Education for research and information.