Physical Education Timeline

Friederich Jahn: "Father of Gymnastics"

Gymnastic Equipment Developments

1809

Gymnastic equipment such as horses, parallel bars, balance beams, rings, and the horizontal bar were developed.

Gymnastics in School Lessons

1809

Hiking, playing, and gymnastics incorporated into school lessons.

National Gymnastic Ban in Germany

1819

National Gymnastic Ban in Germany Lifted

1842

YMCA

The First YMCA in London

1844

Gyms opened for use by men only.

First YMCA in US

1851

The YMCA spreads to the US from Europe.

First African American YMCA

1853

YMCA gyms for African American's opened.

First YWCA in US

1884

The first gym designed for women opens.

Volleyball Invented

Approx. 1890

YMCA instructor William Morgan invents volleyball by combining elements of tennis, basketball, and handball.

Basketball Invented

Approx. 1890

James Naismith invents basketball at the International YMCA Training School.

Obesity

First Fast Food Restaurant

1921

White Castle opens in Wichita Kansas.

Obesity Rate at 5%

1960

Childhood obesity rate is 5% according to the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

16.3% of Americans Overweight

2002

16.3% of Americans are overweight, according to the Center of Disease Control.

Physical Education in Schools

First Physical Education Teacher in US

1825

Charles Beck becomes the first American PE teacher.

First Physical Education Class in School

1853

Boston was the first city to officially require students to participate in a daily physical education class.

Obesity Related Deaths

2000

The CDC estimates 112,000 deaths in the year 2000 were related to obesity.

DPAS Developed

2004

The Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health was created to help develop healthy physical activity and diet habits.

USDA Food Guides

Food for Young Children

1916

Food groups established and guided with household measurements.

The Basic Four

1956

The Basic Four includes the main four food groups of milk, fruits and veggies, meat, and bread.

Hassle-Free Daily Food Guide

1979

Hassle-Free Daily Food Guide expands to included limited quantities of sweets and fats.

Food Guide Pyramid

1992

The Food Guide Pyramid represents food groups and servings in a pyramid style.

MyPlate Created

2011

Food portions are represented on a plate to replace the USDA Food Pyramid.