History of mathmatics


Hieroglyphic numerals in Egypt

Approx. 3000 B.C.E.

They used a base 10 system.

Pythagorean Arithmetic and Geometry

518 B.C.E.

Pythagoras founded a philosophical and religious school in Crotone.Much of the early Greek arithmetic and geometry can be traced to Pythagoras.

360 degree circle

150 B.C.E.

Hypsicles of Alexandria named the 360 parts of a circle degrees when he divided the zodiac.

Julius Caesar dies

44 B.C.E.

Geminus on parallel line postulate

60 C.E.

In his work, Geminus redefines parallel lines and gives an ingenuous but false proof for the parallel postulate. his inaccuracy was that he assumed that something could be proved without a postulate.

The use of + and -

1489 C.E.

Johannes Widman wrote a book in 1489 that uses the + and - signs

Columbus Discovers the Americas

1492 C.E.

Newton's Principia

1687 C.E.

Newton publishes The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.Its considered to be one of the most important single works in the history of modern science. This work contains Newton's version of the Calculus.

Ahlfors and Douglas awarded the Fields Medals

1936 C.E.

It was proposed in 1924 that gold medals should be awarded to recognize outstanding achievement. It wasn't until 1936 that the medals were first awarded to Ahlfors and Douglass. The Fields Medal is equivalent to the Nobel Prize.

Four Color conjecture verified by computer

1976 C.E.

Ken Appel and Wolfang Haken showed the four color conjecture was true using 1200 hours of computer time to examine 1500 configurations. The theorem states that any map in a plane can be colored using four colors in such a way that regions sharing a common boundary (other than a single point) do not share he same color