Civil Rights

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Jackie Robinson

April 15, 1947

He was an American baseball player who became the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947

Integration of the Military

July 14, 1948

Truman signed and executive order to provide for equal treatment of black service members.

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional

Emmett Till Murdered

August 28, 1955

an African-American boy who was murdered in Mississippi at the age of 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman

Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955

Refused to give her seat up on a bus for a white man. Sh was arrested but became "The mother of the freedom movement"

Integration of Central High School

September 23, 1957

Nine African-American students, known as the Little Rock Nine, were denied entrance to the school in defiance of the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling ordering integration of public schools.

Sit-In - Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

Four African-American students of North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University sat at a white-only lunch counter inside a Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth’s store. The Greensboro sit-in catalyzed a wave of nonviolent protest against private-sector segregation in the United States.

SNCC

April, 1960

SNCC's major contribution was in its field work, organizing voter registration drives all over the South, especially in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.

Freedom Riders

1961

were African American and white protesters, many associated with the Congress of Racial Equality.

Children's March

May 2, 1963

children of Birmingham, Alabama, flooded the city's streets and the city's jail to challenge segregation.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public

Jimmy Lee Jackson

February 26, 1965

Jackson attempted to protect his mother, one trooper threw him against a cigarette machine. A second trooper shot Jackson twice in the abdomen.[

March Selma to Montgomery

March, 1965

counter-measure to relieve the trauma and anger caused by the killing of Voting Rights activist Jimmie Lee Jackson during a nighttime march in Marion, Alabama

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

A landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits discrimination in voting.