He was an American baseball player who became the first African-American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947
Integration of the Military
July 14, 1948
Truman signed and executive order to provide for equal treatment of black service members.
Brown vs. Board of Education
May 17, 1954
Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional
Emmett Till Murdered
August 28, 1955
an African-American boy who was murdered in Mississippi at the age of 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman
December 1, 1955
Refused to give her seat up on a bus for a white man. Sh was arrested but became "The mother of the freedom movement"
Integration of Central High School
September 23, 1957
Nine African-American students, known as the Little Rock Nine, were denied entrance to the school in defiance of the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling ordering integration of public schools.
Sit-In - Greensboro, North Carolina
February 1, 1960
Four African-American students of North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University sat at a white-only lunch counter inside a Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth’s store. The Greensboro sit-in catalyzed a wave of nonviolent protest against private-sector segregation in the United States.
SNCC's major contribution was in its field work, organizing voter registration drives all over the South, especially in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.
were African American and white protesters, many associated with the Congress of Racial Equality.
May 2, 1963
children of Birmingham, Alabama, flooded the city's streets and the city's jail to challenge segregation.
Civil Rights Act
July 2, 1964
ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public
Jimmy Lee Jackson
February 26, 1965
Jackson attempted to protect his mother, one trooper threw him against a cigarette machine. A second trooper shot Jackson twice in the abdomen.[
March Selma to Montgomery
counter-measure to relieve the trauma and anger caused by the killing of Voting Rights activist Jimmie Lee Jackson during a nighttime march in Marion, Alabama
Voting Rights Act
August 6, 1965
A landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits discrimination in voting.