Civil Rights Timeline

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Jackie Robinson Joins Brooklyn Dodgers

April 15, 1947

Jackie Robinson joining the Brooklyn Dodgers broke down the color barriers in Major League Baseball and opened the doors to further integration.

Military Segregation Ends

July 26 1948

States, officially ended segregation of military troops, granting black soldiers the respect they deserved. This further broke down the walls of segregation.

Brown vs. Board of Education Lawsuit

May 17 1954

Oliver Brown filed a lawsuit against the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, so his daughter could go to a better school. He won, and the Civil Rights Movement advanced in its goal for integration and equality for all.

Emmett Till Murdered

August 28 1955

Emmett Till was murdered for whistling at a white woman. Although the killer confessed, they weren't put on trial. This sparked the Civil Rights Movement to come forward and take action against this kind of racism.

Rosa Parks Refuses to Give Up her Seat

December 1 1955

Rosa Parks, a long-time Civil Rights worker, refused to get out of her seat for a white man. She was promptly arrested, which caused outrage among the Civil Rights community, and even sparked a huge boycott.

Bus Boycott

December 1 1955 - December 21 1956

A boycott of bus services, sparked by Rosa Parks, lasted over a year. The boycott ended when the community finally gave in, and made segregation on public buses illegal in Montgomery, Alabama.

Little Rock School Integration

September 4 1957

Stemming from the Brown vs. BOE lawsuit, 9 black children were put in all-white schools, which sparked a struggle between segregationists and integrationists, which attracted the attention of the entire world. This helped publicize the Civil Rights Movement.

Sit In at Greensboro North Carolina

February 1 1960

White students who sat with black students to protest segregation were brutally beaten. This sparked the attention of many around the country, due to the amount of coverage the event was given from the press, thus causing many to join the Civil Rights Movement.

Creation of Student Non-Violent Cooperation Committee

April 15 1960

The SNCC played a large role in Sit-Ins and Freedom Rides, and organized voting registration drives all over the South. It helped progress the Civil Rights Movement.

Freedom Riders Attacked by KKK

May 4 1961

The Freedom Riders (black and white students sitting together on a public bus to protest segregations throughout the South) helped make segregation on public transport illegal. Their attack by the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) further publicized their cause.

Children's March

May 2 1963 - May 5 1963

The violence that occurred at the peaceful protest appeared on TV, and around the world, people were outraged. The Civil Rights Movement gained more and more support.

Civil Rights Act Passed

July 2 1964

Outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in the United States.

Jimmie Lee Jackson Shot

February 18 1965

Jimmy Lee Jackson's murder inspired the Selma to Montgomery marches.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 20 1965 - March 25 1965

Protesters were brutally beaten - the events were broadcast on television, and yet again, the nation was outraged by how horrible racism and discrimination really was in the South.

Voting Rights Act Passed

August 6 1965

Prohibits discrimination in voting - once this was passed, the Civil Rights Movement had achieved its ultimate goal, and the Civil Rights Movement ended with victory.