Major and minor leagues were always racially segregated until Jackie Robinson broke the color line. It helped Americans see that anyone (black or white) could accomplish anything.
Although many whites in the military still continued to make racist comments, Executive Order 9981 was the first major step towards the end of segregation in the United States.
The Supreme Court case "Brown vs. Board of Education" ordered all public schools to desegregate with "all deliberate speed" which forced public schools to become racially equalized giving an equal educational opportunity to all students (black or white).
Emmett Till's death helped people realize the brutality of the Jim Crow laws which had African Americans fighting quickly and effectively for equal rights.
Segregation on buses came to an end when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. Also, the bus boycott helped Martian Luther King Jr. because it showed that the nonviolent protest was working.
Eisenhower reassured Americans that the United States was a country filled with citizens that would follow all laws no matter their race.
The Woolworth's Greensboro eventually agreed to desegregate its food counter in July 1960 along with stores in Atlanta (the city most associated with Martian Luther King Junior).
Within six months, the SNCC (made up of college African American college students) desegregated restaurants in twenty six different cities. It was one of the first moves against segregation.
Freedom riders put a lot of pressure onto the federal government to allow African Americans to use the same facilities as whites. They also encouraged many African Americans to fight for equality as well.
This was when African American children realized they should have the same rights as whites. News spread around the world about how discrimination was shown towards children which helped America realized the wrong that was being done.
The Civil Rights Act prohibited segregation in the United States which was a big step for African Americans since they were allowed to vote, sit on buses etc. without being questioned.
The death of Jimmie Lee Jackson broke many hearts, but inspired the march from Selma to Montgomery.
When Americans saw the violence towards African Americans on television, they started to realize the problem even more. This march also led to the Voting Rights Act.
African Americans being able to vote was a big success in the Civil Rights Movement. African Americans could now vote for a leader just like the whites, which could effect who's in office.