Civil Rights Timeline


Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

April 15, 1947

This began to blur the color barrier between African Americans and Whites.

Integration of the Military

July 26, 1948

This gave African American people more respect while they fought alongside other Americans.

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

The fact that separating people in school by color was now considered wrong was a huge step in the right direction for Civil Rights Activists.

Emmett Till Murdered

August 28, 1955

Till's death was a catalyst in the Civil Rights movement and may have been a big reason for Rosa Park's refusal to switch seats on a bus.

Rosa Parks/Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Rosa Parks, and the Bus Boycott, were both some of the first large scale defiance against segregation.

Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

September 25, 1957

This proved that Eisenhower wasn't kidding when he said there would be integration in America, and that no on would stand in his way.

Creation of Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

February 1, 1960

Beginning as an interracial group advocating nonviolence, the SNCC reflected nationwide trends in black activism.

Sit-In - Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960 - July 25, 1960

Although a passive technique in nature, sit-ins caused real change to occur; such as changes in policies and norms.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961 - May 20, 1961

They put a great deal of pressure on the federal government to do something and inspired African Americans in the South.

Children's March

May 2, 1963 - May 5, 1963

The bravery and determination of the Birmingham children as they faced the brutal fire hoses and vicious police dogs turned the tides of public opinion.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

This was a landmark in legislative attempts to improve the quality of life for African Americans and other minority groups.

Jimmie Lee Jackson Killed

February 26, 1965

This incident, along with the fact that the killer was not indicted, was a primary cause in the Selma to Montgomery March.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 9, 1965 - March 25, 1965

After the news covered the marches and people saw the violence and brutality used against marchers by local law enforcement national opinion about the Civil Rights movement shifted.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

This was of great importance because it gave the African American community, and other minorities, the right to have a say in government.