Civil Rights Timeline


Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

April 15, 1947

Jackie Robinson's triumphs in the face of bigotry brought up a sense of pride among black people and forced the rest of America to end segregation amongst blacks and whites.

Integration of the Military

July 26, 1948

The desegregation of the armed forces was a major civil rights victory for African Americans and was the first major blow to segregation, giving hope to African Americans that change was possible.

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

The Brown case was important because minority students were allowed to attend public schools and receive the same education as any other white person.

Emmett Till Murdered

August 28, 1955

The murder of Emmett Till was significant to the civil rights movement because it brought to light the brutality of Jim Crow segregation and how whites saw themselves as superior compared to blacks.

Rosa Parks/Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Rosa Park's arrest and the Montgomery Bus Boycott significantly affected the Civil Rights Movement because Martin Luther King Jr. emerged as a prominent national leader in the wake of the action, and these two events also boosted the morale of the movement while demonstrating how non violent protest could be successful in achieving change.

Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

September 25, 1957

The integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas impacted the Civil Rights Movement because it gave African Americans hope that they could gain racial equality and that the federal government would protect the admission of blacks into white public schools.

Sit-in--Greensboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

The sit-in in Greensboro, North Carolina impacted the Civil Rights Movement because it increased national sentiment across the nation regarding segregation and encouraged blacks around the country to join in on the Greensboro sit-ins.

Creation of Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

April 15, 1960

The creation of the SNCC was important to the Civil Rights Movement because it raised awareness for the issue of segregation between races in the North and helped to raise funds to support SNCC's work in the South.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961

The impact of the Freedom Riders on the Civil Rights Movement is significant because they called national attention to the disregard for the federal law in interstate bus travel and the local violence used to enforce segregation in the southern United States.

Children's March

May 2, 1963 - May 5, 1963

The Children's March increased the cries for equality that the issue of racial segregation was no longer ignored and was considered the turning point of the Civil Rights Movement.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

The Civil Rights Act majorly affected the Civil Rights Movement because it ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

February 26, 1965

The murder of Jimmy Lee Jackson had a significant effect on the Civil Rights Movement because it inspired civil rights leaders to hold the Selma to Montgomery March.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 7, 1965 - March 25, 1965

The March from Selma to Montgomery impacted the Civil Rights Movement because the Voting Rights Act was passed in result of it, which guaranteed the right to vote to all African Americans.

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

The Voting Rights Act majorly impacted the Civil Rights Movement because it overcame legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th amendment, and the number of black voters in the South significantly rose.