Civil Rights Timeline

Civil Rights Timeline

Jackie Robinson Integrates Baseball

April 15, 1947

Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play in the Professional baseball. This was breaking the color line. Now other African Americans would be able to play a professional sport. Jackie Robinson was named rookie of the year in 1947.

Integration of the military

July 26, 1948

President Truman was pro Civil Rights. He protected African American rights, like, voting and hiring. He also ended segregation in the military.In 1948 he ordered integration of all armed units. The first war that blacks and whites fight together was the Korean war.

Brown Vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

This case was a very important event that changed blacks education. Schools became desegregated. The Supreme Court overthrow "separate but equal".

Emmett Till murdered

August 1955

Emmett was abducted and then brutally murdered because the way he talked to a white lady. He was visiting relatives. This also provided a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement.

Rosa Parks arrested

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks was a black lady that was a seamstress and was heavily involved with Civil Rights. The reason she was arrested was because she would not get up for a white man on the bus. When a white person asks a black person to move on the bus, the black person is supposed to move. Rosa Parks was brave and said NO, but ended up being arrested.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5, 1955 - December 20, 1956

The Boycott was only supposed to last one day, but lasted 13 months.In November 1956, the Supreme court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional. Blacks made up most of the population riding the buses. The bus company eventually would end up losing a lot of money and customers. The blacks would carpool and ride bikes to wherever they needed to go. On December 21, Mr.King sat in the front sit of the bus.

Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas

September 4, 1957

Nine black students enrolled to the "all-white" central high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. White people were very hostile towards the black children. The commander in chief had to call the national guard to protect the black students from white mobs. The soldiers would drive and stay with the students all day.

Sit-in, Greenboro, North Carolina

February 1, 1960

Sit ins were a way of a non-violent protest which people sit and refuse to leave. In Greensboro NC, four African American students sat at a whites lunch counter. They would not leave until they were served. People would throw things at them, try to punch them, kick them and spit at them.

Creation of Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee

April 1960

It was for young African Americans to have a voice in the Civil Rights movement.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961

The freedom Riders were a group of 13 men, 7 black and 6 white. They set out on a trip into the deep south to desegregate bus stations.

Children's March

May 2, 1963 - May 5, 1963

Thousands African Americans including children marched the streets of Birmingham Alabama. Police used dogs and fire hoses against the marchers. Many Americans watched the horrific scene on Television, and were horrified.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

The Civil Rights Act passed in 1964 to ban discrimination in public facilities, out law discrimination in employment, and end school desegregation.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed (shot)

February 18, 1965

Jimmy Lee Jackson was protesting the arrest of James Orange. He was shot when he was protecting his mother and other African Americans in the Mack's Cafe.

March from Selma to Montgomery

March 20, 1965 - March 25, 1965

King staged a big protest with hundreds of marchers to go from Selma Alabama to Montgomery to African Americans voting rights

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

This act banned the literacy test and other barriers for African Americans to vote.