Timeline of Alaskan History

Education

Sheldon Jackson appointed federal education agent for Alaska

1885

Jackson creates education policy for alaska

Mary Hootch Case

1971

In the Hootch v. Alaska State Operated School System decision, the state was no longer allowed to press Native Alaskan students into boarding schools. Now the state was legally responsible for providing education to Native Alaskan students in their towns.

The Land

Chirikov & Berining discover Alaska

1741

Russian Expedition

Cpt. James Cook reaches Cook Inlet

1778

Russians first settle on Kodiak

1784

Russians establish first permanent settlement at Three Saints Bay on Kodiak Island

Alexander Baronov becomes Alaska's first governor

1790

Gold is discovered

1861

Alaska purchased from Russia

1879

purchased for $7,200,000

Alaskan government established

1884

Klondike gold rush

1896

Copper discovered at Kennecott

1900

Japanese attack the Aleutians

1942

Statehood

1959

Alaska becomes the 49th state to be admitted to the Union.

64 Quake

1964

9.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Alaska. It second largest in world history.

Construction of the Trans-Alaskan Pipeline begins

1974

The People

People inhabit Alaska

Approx. 1200 BC

Using the Bering Land Bridge natives of Russia migrated over the land bridge to Alaska.

First non-native discovery of Alaska

1741

Vitus Bering and his Russian cohorts arrive in Alaska for the first time.

Domesticated Reindeer Introduced to Alaska

Approx. 1890

Sheldon Jackson introduced domesticated reindeer herds to Alaska for two reasons: to provide what he thought were starving Native Alaskans with sustenance and as a subtle assimilation technique in which he thought the Native Alaskans would become more civilized as they transitions from subsistence hunters to modern day entrepreneurs.

The beginning of the Iditarod

1925

In response to an outbreak of diphtheria in Nome, multiple sled dog teams worked together to race medicine from Nenana to save those afflicted. This led to the creation of the Iditarod, an annual sled dog race covering hundreds of miles.

Alaska Claims Settlement Act

1971

President Nixon signs the Alaska Claims Settlement Act giving Natives title to 44 million acres.